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Latest Human genome Stories

Fruit Fly Studies Guide Researchers To Misregulated Mechanism In Human Cancers
2012-11-19 15:21:04

Stowers Institute for Medical Research Changes in how DNA interacts with histones–the proteins that package DNA–regulate many fundamental cell activities from stem cells maturing into a specific body cell type or blood cells becoming leukemic. These interactions are governed by a biochemical tug of war between repressors and activators, which chemically modify histones signaling them to clamp down tighter on DNA or move aside and allow a gene to be expressed. In the November...

Researchers Discover Key Gene That Makes Humans Distinct From Apes
2012-11-15 13:16:05

April Flowers for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online An international team of researchers, led by the University of Edinburgh, has discovered a new gene that helps to solve one of life's greatest mysteries — what makes us human? The gene — miR-941 — helps to explain how humans evolved from apes. It appears to have played a crucial role in the development of the human brain and may shed light on our use of tools and language. This is the first time, according...

Pig Genome Sequenced: Offers Significant Implications Abroad
2012-11-14 15:57:11

Brett Smith for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online A massive team of international researchers has announced the successful sequencing of the first female domestic pig´s genome. There have already been many similarities established between pigs and humans and the new genomic analysis reveals some new twists and a few distinctions to that relationship, according to reports on the work published in the journals Nature and Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS)....

2012-11-12 20:21:58

MEMPHIS, Tenn., Nov. 12, 2012 /PRNewswire/ -- Research led by the St. Jude Children's Research Hospital - Washington University Pediatric Cancer Genome Project has identified a fusion gene responsible for almost 30 percent of a rare subtype of childhood leukemia with an extremely poor prognosis. To view the multimedia assets associated with this release, please click: http://www.multivu.com/mnr/58586-st-jude-children-s-research-hospital-gene-sequencing-childhood-leukemia The finding offers...

2012-11-09 11:37:11

Researchers report at American Society of Human Genetics 2012 meeting A consortium of scientists who are taking a novel approach in their research to detect the genetic variations that predispose individuals to type 2 diabetes provided an update of their findings at the American Society of Human Genetics (ASHG) 2012 meeting. Among the project's novel characteristics is the ethnic diversity of the 10,000 individuals whose exomes, the 18,000 protein-coding genes, are being sequenced....

2012-11-09 11:19:56

Research presented at American Society of Human Genetics annual meeting to occur Nov. 6 to 10 in San Francisco A research team reported that next generation sequencing of the exome, the 1 to 2% of the DNA containing the genes that code for proteins, enabled the identification of the genetic causes of unexplained intellectual disability in over 50% of patients in a study conducted at Radboud University Medical Centre in Nijmegen, The Netherlands. "Through next generation sequencing, we...

2012-11-08 11:22:00

The search for rare gene variants associated with heart, lung and blood-related disease traits, as well as those of public health importance found that 1.1 million of the 1.2 million such variants within exomes occur very infrequently, said a Baylor College of Medicine expert in the analysis of such findings in a plenary abstract session at the annual meeting of the American Society of Human Genetics (exomes are the part of the genome that contain protein-coding genes.) "They were often...

Humans And Primates Share DNA But Genes Work Differently
2012-11-08 08:43:59

April Flowers for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Our primate cousins share over 90% of our DNA, but the expression or activity patterns of genes differ across species in ways that explain the distinct biology and behavior of each species. In a presentation at the American Society of Human Genetics 2012 meeting, University of Chicago associate professor of human genetics Yoav Gilad, Ph.D. described the DNA factors that contribute to the differences. Up to 40 percent of the...

2012-11-07 16:26:28

BETHESDA, Md., Nov. 7, 2012 /PRNewswire-USNewswire/ -- The American College of Medical Genetics and Genomics (ACMG) released a new official Position Statement on the Public Disclosure of Clinically Relevant Genome Variants. This important new statement addresses the problems resulting from gene patent monopolies that have allowed some to develop proprietary databases of the clinical meaning of the variants in particular genes. Michael S. Watson, Ph.D., FACMG, executive director of the ACMG...

2012-11-07 11:57:47

Research presented at American Society of Human Genetics 2012 A presentation at the American Society of Human Genetics 2012 meeting updated genetics experts about a one-year-old research initiative that brought together researchers, clinicians and policy experts to tackle the challenges of incorporating new genomic technologies into clinical care of newborns, infants and children with anatomical defects whose causes are unknown. Among the challenges is interpreting how variations in...