Quantcast
Last updated on April 16, 2014 at 8:06 EDT

Latest Human Microbiome Project Stories

New Genetic Fingerprint Resides In Your Belly
2012-12-06 12:35:08

Washington University School of Medicine Our bodies contain far more microbial genes than human genes. And a new study suggests that just as human DNA varies from person to person, so too does the massive collection of microbial DNA in the intestine. The research is the first to catalog the genetic variation of microbes that live in the gut, where they extract nutrients from food, synthesize vitamins, protect against infections, and produce compounds that naturally reduce inflammation....

2012-08-16 13:16:39

Additional research to study impact of medicine, diet and lifestyle changes Researchers at the University of Maryland School of Medicine have identified 26 species of bacteria in the human gut microbiota that appear to be linked to obesity and related metabolic complications. These include insulin resistance, high blood sugar levels, increased blood pressure and high cholesterol, known collectively as "the metabolic syndrome," which significantly increases an individual's risk of...

2012-07-11 06:26:30

New Open Access Publication to Highlight Microbiome Research in Humans and the Environment BALTIMORE, July 11, 2012 /PRNewswire-USNewswire/ -- Two prominent microbial genome scientists have launched a new peer-reviewed publication focusing on microbiome research in environmental, agricultural, and biomedical areas. Jacques Ravel, Ph.D., from the University of Maryland School of Medicine's Institute for Genome Sciences and Eric Wommack, Ph.D., from the University of Delaware are the...

2012-06-21 20:59:37

Mice carrying a set of friendly microbes that are usually found in humans fail to develop a proper immune system and are left susceptible to illness as a result. The findings in the June 22nd issue of the journal Cell, a Cell Press publication, show that animals have coevolved with and rely on their own very special array of microbial partners. As far as our immune systems are concerned, not just any bug collection will do. "Human microbe-colonized mice have gut immune systems that look...

Gross! Scientists Find More Than 10,000 Species Of Germs On The Human Body
2012-06-14 10:35:33

Lawrence LeBlond for redOrbit.com Take a much closer look at the human body and you might see something you perhaps didn´t expect to find: a community of more than 10,000 different species of germs and bacteria, making their home on our skin, in our mouths, up our noses, and in our gut. While you may squirm at the thought of having so many germs crawling in, on, over and around your body, scientists are quick to point out that not all these germs are bad. In fact, researchers have...

Census Report For microbes In Healthy Humans
2012-06-13 22:13:30

Trillions of microbes inhabit the human body, occupying virtually every nook and cranny. And most of the time, this relationship is a friendly one, with microbes helping to digest food, strengthen the immune system and ward off dangerous pathogens. But despite their prominent roles, researchers have understood little about which microbes reside in specific sites of the body. Now, a consortium of some 200 U.S. scientists at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis and elsewhere...

Human Microbiome Project Exposes Battle History Between Bacteria, Viruses In Human Body
2012-06-13 19:55:49

Informatics, biology team demonstrates role of foreign DNA strands in life-supporting bacteria An Indiana University team of researchers has conducted the most in-depth and diverse genetic analysis of the defense systems that trillions of micro-organisms in the human body use to fend off viruses. The work is among a collection of 16 research papers released today by the Human Microbiome Project Consortium, a National Institutes of Health-led effort to map the normal microbial make-up of...

Map Of Bacterial Makeup Of Humans Reveals Microbial Rare Biosphere
2012-06-13 19:43:22

NIH Human Microbiome Project finds patterns of microbial diversity, distributions earlier discovered in ocean ecosystems by scientists at MBL Woods Hole The landmark publication this week of a "map" of the bacterial make-up of healthy humans has deep roots in an unexpected place: the ocean. Microbial communities that live on and in the human body, known collectively as the microbiome, are thought to have a critical role in human health and disease. Five years ago, the National...

2012-06-13 15:05:56

First detailed studies describe diversity, variety, and function of microbes in people Human beings are ecosystems on two legs, each of us carrying enough microbes to outnumber our human cells by 10 to 1 and our genes by even more. Identifying the dizzying numbers of bacteria and other microbes that live in and on our bodies is like exploring a new planet. You need much more than telescopes and charts to map the unknown territory called our microbiomes — and explorers to take a...

2012-06-13 15:01:55

When researchers at NIH and Celera published the first complete draft sequences of the human genome in 2001, many people assumed that the genetic foundation for a new and complete understanding of the human body and its functions had been achieved. As it turned out this was far from the complete story, since it turns out that our bodies are, well“¦ not completely human. In the culmination of a multi-year effort directed by NIH, the Human Microbiome Project (HMP) has...