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Latest Human Microbiome Project Stories

2013-09-19 15:31:09

Microbial organisms associated with plant roots have far-flung global influences, from plant genetics to ecosystem health We often ignore what we cannot see, and yet organisms below the soil's surface play a vital role in plant functions and ecosystem well-being. These microbes can influence a plant's genetic structure, its health, and its interactions with other plants. A new series of articles in a Special Section in the American Journal of Botany on Rhizosphere Interactions: The Root...

Your Gut’s Microbiome Has A Unique Bacteria Profile
2013-04-24 07:27:18

April Flowers for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online In the human body, microbial cells outnumber human cells ten to one. Your body has a set of microbial communities collectively known as a microbiome. Scientists studying the microbiome are learning about the relationship between these microbes and human health and disease. Dr. Nanette Steinle of the University of Maryland's School of Medicine and Dr. Emmanuel Mongodin of the University of Maryland Institute of Genome...

2012-12-14 12:19:49

Insights from Characterizing Extinct Human Gut Microbiomes A University of Oklahoma-led study has demonstrated that ancient DNA can be used to understand ancient human microbiomes.  The microbiomes from ancient people have broad reaching implications for understanding recent changes to human health, such as what good bacteria might have been lost as a result of our current abundant use of antibiotics and aseptic practices. Cecil M. Lewis Jr., professor of anthropology in the OU...

New Genetic Fingerprint Resides In Your Belly
2012-12-06 12:35:08

Washington University School of Medicine Our bodies contain far more microbial genes than human genes. And a new study suggests that just as human DNA varies from person to person, so too does the massive collection of microbial DNA in the intestine. The research is the first to catalog the genetic variation of microbes that live in the gut, where they extract nutrients from food, synthesize vitamins, protect against infections, and produce compounds that naturally reduce inflammation....

2012-08-16 13:16:39

Additional research to study impact of medicine, diet and lifestyle changes Researchers at the University of Maryland School of Medicine have identified 26 species of bacteria in the human gut microbiota that appear to be linked to obesity and related metabolic complications. These include insulin resistance, high blood sugar levels, increased blood pressure and high cholesterol, known collectively as "the metabolic syndrome," which significantly increases an individual's risk of...

2012-06-21 20:59:37

Mice carrying a set of friendly microbes that are usually found in humans fail to develop a proper immune system and are left susceptible to illness as a result. The findings in the June 22nd issue of the journal Cell, a Cell Press publication, show that animals have coevolved with and rely on their own very special array of microbial partners. As far as our immune systems are concerned, not just any bug collection will do. "Human microbe-colonized mice have gut immune systems that look...


Word of the Day
lunula
  • A small crescent-shaped structure or marking, especially the white area at the base of a fingernail that resembles a half-moon.
This word is a diminutive of the Latin 'luna,' moon.
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