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Last updated on April 19, 2014 at 21:20 EDT

Latest Human microbiome Stories

Gut Microbes Failure To Communicate Linked To Disease
2013-09-17 04:11:42

Brett Smith for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online A new research review from Oregon State University has suggested that intestinal microbes play a big role as the immune system in keeping a person healthy. Review researchers said health issues such as autoimmune disease or clinical depression can sometimes be traced to immune dysfunction that starts with a “failure to communicate” in the human digestive tract. They theorized that future healthcare may be guided by the personalized...

Mechanism By Which Beneficial Bacteria Reside And Thrive In The Gastrointestinal Tract Identified For The First Time
2013-08-19 15:44:43

Caltech The human body is full of tiny microorganisms—hundreds to thousands of species of bacteria collectively called the microbiome, which are believed to contribute to a healthy existence. The gastrointestinal (GI) tract—and the colon in particular—is home to the largest concentration and highest diversity of bacterial species. But how do these organisms persist and thrive in a system that is constantly in flux due to foods and fluids moving through it? A team led by California...

2013-08-09 10:17:52

Creating an environment that nurtures the trillions of beneficial microbes in our gut and, at the same time, protects us against invasion by food-borne pathogens is a challenge. A study published on August 8 in PLOS Pathogens reveals the role of a key player in this balancing act. SIGIRR is a protein present at the surface of the cells that line the gut that dampens the innate (non-specific) immune response of these cells to bacteria. The new study, led by Xiaoxia Li (from the Lerner...

2013-06-05 08:28:50

The role of gut bacteria in ulcerative colitis to be the focus of pharmaceutical collaboration in microbiome R&D SAN BRUNO, Calif., June 5, 2013 /PRNewswire/ -- Second Genome, Inc. announced today that the company has entered into an agreement with Janssen Biotech, Inc. (Janssen) focused on microbiome drug discovery. With the goal of advancing novel drug targets, the agreement is focused on therapeutic mechanisms in ulcerative colitis mediated by the bacterial ecosystem living...

Changes In Gut Bacteria Indicate Type 2 Diabetes
2013-06-04 09:14:39

redOrbit Staff & Wire Reports - Your Universe Online Patients who are at risk of developing type 2 diabetes have altered gut microbiota, a team of experts from the University of Gothenburg´s Sahlgrenska Academy and Chalmers University of Technology have discovered. The scientists said that the human body contains ten times more bacteria than human cells, and that most of those are found in the normal gut microbiota. Those bacteria and other microorganisms make up what is...

2013-04-26 12:27:38

MONTREAL, April 26, 2013 /PRNewswire-iReach/ -- Micropharma Limited, a pioneer in the development of innovative and effective products based on the human microbiome, today announced that after three years of development it has a timeline for launch of its ingestible gastrointestinal sampling technology. The company released its plans to launch the device in late 2014 commercially for research and development use and later for specific clinical applications. Micropharma has been...

2013-04-23 14:27:21

Our gut is home to trillions of bacteria, numbering more than the cells in the rest of our body, and these bacteria help us to digest our food, absorb nutrients and strengthen our immune system. This complex bacterial ecosystem, called the gut microbiota, also helps to prevent bad bacteria from colonizing our bodies and making us ill. As part of the symbiotic relationship between the gut microbiota and our bodies, the bacteria derive nutrition from our food and convert it into compounds...

We Share More Of Our Germs With Dogs Than We Do With Our Children
2013-04-17 14:38:08

Lee Rannals for redOrbit.com — Your Universe Online Researchers writing in the new online science and biomedical journal eLIFE say parents share more bacteria with family dogs than children. The team, led by the University of Colorado-Boulder, looked at the types and transfer modes of microbes from the guts, tongues, foreheads and palms of 60 American families and their canines. In all, they sampled 159 people and 36 dogs. Researchers swabbed various parts of the body to obtain...

2013-03-14 08:28:33

BETHESDA, Md., March 14, 2013 /PRNewswire-USNewswire/ -- In a healthy adult, microbial cells are estimated to outnumber human cells 10 to one. Many microbes maintain our health, while others cause illness. Recent investigations of the human gut microbiome have discovered important ways in which gut microbes may influence a number of important disease states including obesity, inflammatory bowel disease, functional gastrointestinal disorders, cancers and liver disease. Recognizing the major...

2013-02-11 15:37:54

Practices may affect health in later life Method of birth (vaginal birth s. cesarean delivery) and feeding practices (breastfeeding v. formula-feeding) influence the development of gut bacteria in newborns and thus may affect lifelong health, according to a new study in CMAJ (Canadian Medical Association Journal). Bacteria in the gut play an important role in health, helping digest food, stimulating the development of the immune system, regulating bowels and protecting against...