Latest Hydrothermal circulation Stories
Hydrothermal vents in the deep sea, the so-called "black smokers", are fascinating geological formations. They are home to unique ecosystems, but are also potential suppliers of raw materials for the future.
One of the greatest mysteries facing humans is how life originated on Earth. Scientists have determined approximately when life began (roughly 3.8 billion years ago), but there is still intense debate about exactly how life began. One possibility has grown in popularity in the last two decades - that simple metabolic reactions emerged near ancient seafloor hot springs, enabling the leap from a non-living to a living world.
Underneath volcanoes, water and fire coexist to generate “hydrothermal” systems. These systems are complex “steam engines” that produce white smoke – fumaroles – sometimes observed at the surface.
After noticing a strange plume of shimmering water, scientists have discovered a rare cold-water volcanic vent in the Southern Ocean.
- A volcanic mudflow.