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Latest Hydrothermal vent Stories

Deep sea riches
2014-07-31 02:00:16

European Geosciences Union As fishing and the harvesting of metals, gas and oil have expanded deeper and deeper into the ocean, scientists are drawing attention to the services provided by the deep sea, the world’s largest environment. “This is the time to discuss deep-sea stewardship before exploitation is too much farther underway,” says lead-author Andrew Thurber. In a review published this week in Biogeosciences, a journal of the European Geosciences Union (EGU), Thurber and...

Researchers Show Evidence Of Common Mineral Capable Of Making, Breaking Bonds
2014-07-30 03:37:00

Arizona State University ASU team shows evidence for one mineral affecting the most fundamental process in organic chemistry: Carbon-hydrogen bond breaking and making Reactions among minerals and organic compounds in hydrothermal environments are critical components of the Earth's deep carbon cycle, they provide energy for the deep biosphere, and may have implications for the origins of life. However, very little is known about how minerals influence organic reactions. A team of...

WHOI's Nereus remotely operated vehicle
2014-05-12 05:07:47

Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution (WHOI) Scientists think Nereus imploded exploring the Kermadec Trench On Saturday, May 10, 2014, at 2 p.m. local time (10 p.m. Friday EDT), the hybrid remotely operated vehicle Nereus was confirmed lost at 9,990 meters (6.2 miles) depth in the Kermadec Trench northeast of New Zealand. The unmanned vehicle was working as part of a mission to explore the ocean's hadal region from 6,000 to nearly 11,000 meters deep. Scientists say a portion of it likely...

Unseen Armies Of Viruses And Bacteria Battle In The Deep
2014-05-02 03:58:44

National Science Foundation More than a mile beneath the ocean's surface, as dark clouds of mineral-rich water billow from seafloor hot springs called hydrothermal vents, unseen armies of viruses and bacteria wage war. Like pirates boarding a treasure-laden ship, the viruses infect bacterial cells to get the loot: tiny globules of elemental sulfur stored inside the bacterial cells. Instead of absconding with their prize, the viruses force the bacteria to burn their valuable sulfur...

Researchers Discover Four New Species Of 'Killer Sponges' From The Deep Sea
2014-04-15 11:33:24

MBARI [ Watch the Video: Four New Species Of Carnivorous Sponges Discovered ] Killer sponges sound like creatures from a B-grade horror movie. In fact, they thrive in the lightless depths of the deep sea. Scientists first discovered that some sponges are carnivorous about 20 years ago. Since then only seven carnivorous species have been found in all of the northeastern Pacific. A new paper authored by MBARI marine biologist Lonny Lundsten and two Canadian researchers describes four new...

Looking To Geology To Find Answers Of How Life On Earth Originated
2014-03-13 10:20:59

[ Watch the Video: The Origins of Life on Earth ] Brett Smith for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online By simulating a geologic precursor of cell metabolism, a team of British and American scientists have taken an important step toward understanding how life arose on Earth. Their work is published in a new paper in the journal Astrobiology. “What we are trying to do is to bridge the gap between the geological processes of the early Earth and the emergence of biological life on this...

Navy Certification Is Final Step In Alvin Upgrade Project
2014-01-28 11:35:18

National Science Foundation After a three-year overhaul and major upgrade, the United States' deepest-diving research submersible, Alvin, has been cleared to return to work exploring the ocean's depths. The sub has been out of service since December 2010, undergoing a major upgrade, including the replacement of its personnel sphere with a newly fabricated, larger, more capable hull. The Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution (WHOI) operates the U.S. Navy-owned sub for the National Deep...

Four Previously Unknown Marine Species Discovered Near Scotland
2013-12-29 08:25:21

redOrbit Staff & Wire Reports – Your Universe Online Four species of sea creatures previously unknown to science have been discovered in deep water off the west coast of Scotland, BBC News and other media outlets reported over the weekend. The British news agency reported that the new species were discovered during surveys conducted by Marine Scotland, the government agency dedicated to maintaining the prosperity and environmental sustainability of the country’s seas. They were...

Scientists On The Hunt For Microbial Life In Deep Earth Rocks
2013-12-10 06:02:33

April Flowers for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Digging deep into the Earth's surface and collecting census data on the microbial denizens of the hardened rocks, scientists are finding that these communities are quite similar, even when miles deep and halfway across the planet from each other. The findings, presented at the American Geophysical Union Conference by Matthew Schrenk, Michigan State University geomicrobiologist, suggest that these communities might be connected....

New Research Reveals Origin Of Hoff Yeti Crab
2013-06-19 11:26:51

[WATCH VIDEO: Uncovering History of Yeti Crabs] Michael Harper for redOrbit.com — Your Universe Online For all we know about the natural world, scientists are still finding new creatures and species living in the farthest corners of earth. Just last year, for instance, oceanographers from the University of Oxford and University of Southampton discovered a species of yeti crab covering hydrothermal vents more than a mile below the Southern Ocean. These crabs, later nicknamed...


Latest Hydrothermal vent Reference Libraries

Pompeii Worm, Alvinella pompejana
2014-01-12 00:00:00

The Pompeii worm (Alvinella pompejana) is a species of polychaete worm, or bristle worm that is only found in the Pacific Ocean. It resides at hydrothermal vents, making it an extremophile, and was first discovered French marine biologists of the coat of the Galapagos Islands in the 1980s. It was described by Lucien Laubier and Daniel Desbruyeres as a deep-sea polychaete that could withstand extreme amounts of heat. The Pompeii worm can reach an average length of up to five inches and is...

Bathymodiolus Thermophilus
2013-04-16 18:50:25

Bathymodiolus thermophilus is a species of large, deepwater mussel, a marine bivalve mollusk belonging to the family Mytilidae. The species was discovered at abyssal depths when submersible vehicles began exploring the deep ocean. It occurs on the sea bed, frequently in large numbers, close to hydrothermal vents where hot, sulphur-rich water wells up through the floor of the Pacific Ocean. This is a very large mussel with a dark brown periostracum, growing to a length of about 8 inches....

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Word of the Day
grass-comber
  • A landsman who is making his first voyage at sea; a novice who enters naval service from rural life.
According to the OED, a grass-comber is also 'a sailor's term for one who has been a farm-labourer.'