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Latest Hypothalamus Stories

2013-11-04 14:18:31

Metformin may reduce food intake and body weight, but the anorexigenic effects of metformin are still poorly understood. Under normal physiological conditions, Prof. Zheng Zhao and his team from the Key Laboratory of Brain Functional Genomics, Ministry of Education, China observed the changes in food intake after administration of metformin. They found that the central administration of metformin significantly reduced food intake and body weight gain, and a reduction of neuropeptide Y...

2013-10-30 15:57:46

Interestingly, a recent study found that ischemic stress causes hyperglycemia and may worsen ischemic neuronal damage. In addition, decreased insulin sensitivity after ischemic stress seems to be involved in the development of post-ischemic glucose intolerance. However, the involvement of brain-derived neurotrophic factor in the development of glucose intolerance following ischemic stress still remains unclear. Xiaoliang Shu and colleagues from the Affiliated Dongfang Hospital of Tongji...

'Love Hormone' Oxytocin May Help Autistic Children Experience Reward
2013-09-12 07:36:37

redOrbit Staff & Wire Reports - Your Universe Online Researchers at the Stanford University have shown that oxytocin, the so-called “love hormone,” is involved in a wider range of social interactions than previously understood, findings that may have implications for neurological disorders such as autism as well as scientific conceptions of our evolutionary heritage. Scientists estimate that the advent of social living preceded the emergence of pair living by about 35 million...

2013-07-17 10:55:52

During the last decade, our understanding of this hypothalamus-pituitary-gonadal axis has quickly expanded. Two novel hypothalamic Arg-Phe-amide- related peptides, kisspeptin and gonadotropin-inhibitory hormone, may be important regulators of the reproductive axis. Kisspeptins are currently recognized as the most potent activators of the hypothalamus-pituitary-gonadal axis. Kisspeptin and its receptor, G protein-coupled receptor 54 (GPR54), are expressed on gonadotropin-releasing hormone...

2013-07-09 21:21:31

In the constant cross talk between our brain and our gut, two gut hormones are already known to tell the brain when we have had enough to eat. New research suggests that boosting levels of these hormones simultaneously may be an effective new weapon in the fight against obesity. Dr Shu Lin, Dr Yan-Chuan Shi and Professor Herbert Herzog, from Sydney’s Garvan Institute of Medical Research, have shown that when mice are injected with PYY3-36 and PP, they eat less, gain less...

Drive To Overeat Triggered By Key Shift In The Brain
2013-04-30 05:37:17

redOrbit Staff & Wire Reports - Your Universe Online New research published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences Early Edition this week has identified a cellular change in the brain that has been linked to obesity. In the study, a team of American and Italian neuroscientists joined forces to identify a switch that occurs in neurons located within the hypothalamus. This switch, they explain in a statement, “involves receptors that trigger or inhibit the...

Breakthrough In Brain Science Could Help Rewire Appetite Control
2013-04-05 14:15:13

Alan McStravick for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Until recently, scientists believed that the nerve cells in the brain associated with appetite regulation were generated entirely during embryonic development. This meant if you were pre-programmed for an eating disorder, the nerve cells were fixed for life. However, a team of researchers at the University of East Anglia (UEA) in the UK have made a breakthrough in the field of neurosciences which could offer a long-lasting...

2013-03-14 17:13:28

Understanding the molecular underpinnings of an ancient Chinese therapy's success could increase its acceptance by mainstream medicine While acupuncture is used widely to treat chronic stress, the mechanism of action leading to reported health benefits are not understood. In a series of studies at Georgetown University Medical Center (GUMC), researchers are demonstrating how acupuncture can significantly reduce the stress hormone response in an animal model of chronic stress. The latest...


Latest Hypothalamus Reference Libraries

Hypothalamus
2013-03-04 13:43:30

The hypothalamus is an organ that serves as an important link, along the hypothalamic-hypophyseal axis, between the nervous system and the endocrine system. It is located within the cranial cavity, in the cerebrum, right below the thalamus. It also forms the floor of the third ventricle in the brain. It contains neural pathways, blood vessels, glial cells, and secretory cells—all of which work together to control things like body temperature, hunger, thirst, sleep, and hormonal and...

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Word of the Day
jument
  • A beast of burden; also, a beast in general.
'Jument' ultimately comes from the Latin 'jugum,' yoke.
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