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Latest Igneous petrology Stories

2013-12-20 10:18:03

GSA Bulletin articles posted online ahead of print on 6 and 13 December 2013 cover earthquake hazards of the Santa Barbara suburban area; apatite and the skeletons of early animals; the peculiar geological features of Faial (Azores, Portugal); the nature of Mount Rainier; the origin of Pearya terrane, Canada; a re-interpretation of the Chilhowee Group of the Appalachian Blue Ridge; and more. Authors hale from the U.S., Italy, South Africa, and Canada. GSA Bulletin articles published ahead...

Geoscientist Leads International Drilling Mission To Lower Crust Of Pacific
2013-12-04 11:33:49

University of Houston A University of Houston (UH) geoscientist and his colleagues are revealing new discoveries about the Earth's development, following a major international expedition that recovered the first-ever drill core from the lower crust of the Pacific Ocean. Co-chief scientists Jonathan Snow from UH and Kathryn Gillis from University of Victoria in Canada led a team of 30 researchers from around the world on the $10 million expedition, finding a few surprises upon...

Thousands Flee After Repeated Eruptions On Sumatra's Mt. Sinabung
2013-11-15 13:43:54

Lawrence LeBlond for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Several thousand people have been evacuated from the Tanah Karo district of North Sumatra following a volcanic eruption on Mount Sinabung. The volcano, which has emitted several sizeable eruptions over the past few months, is now threatening 10 nearby villages in the region, with fears of pyroclastic flow and hot ash raining down from above. Following Thursday’s eruptions, one that was reported at around 6:57 am local time and...

Volcanic Rock Research Sheds New Light On Earth’s Formation
2013-11-08 12:29:31

redOrbit Staff & Wire Reports - Your Universe Online By analyzing basalt, a substance formed from cooling lava, a team of European scientists have gained new insight into how the Earth’s core, crust and atmosphere formed, as well as how volcanic activity originated. According to UPI, the researchers recreated the conditions of the Earth approximately 4.5 billion years ago, when much of the world was molten and the crust formed as lava cooled. Their goal was to develop a...

Improving Volcanic Ash Forecasts For Aviation Safety
2013-10-26 05:29:46

April Flowers for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Frequent travelers can agree that flight delays are all too familiar these days. NASA is looking into a potentially dangerous, though much less frequent, problem that has recently caused major disruptions in flight schedules: volcanic eruptions. Ash and tiny, jagged particles are expelled from explosive volcanic eruptions. These particulates can be blown thousands of miles away from their source and are dangerous to airplanes,...

Impact Crater On Mars Could Actually Be Supervolcano
2013-10-23 09:11:16

Lawrence LeBlond for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online In a first-of-its-kind discovery, scientists from NASA and the Planetary Science Institute in Tucson, Arizona have identified what could be a supervolcano on a planet, other than Earth, in our Solar System. The supervolcano in question was discovered on Mars and was previously classified as an impact crater. But after further analysis of the area, scientists believe the basin is actually the remnant landscape of an ancient...

Ancient Syrians Chose Buying Local Instead Of Importing
2013-10-16 15:02:48

University of Sheffield An archaeologist at the University of Sheffield has found evidence that, contrary to a widely held theory, ancient Syrians made their stone tools locally instead of importing finished tools from Turkey. The discovery, newly published online in Journal of Archaeological Science, has implications for our understanding of how early cities developed in these regions and how the geographic origins of raw materials affect developing states. During the Early Bronze...

Iceland's Basalt Pillars Formed By Slow Lava And Water
2013-10-09 15:55:39

Brett Smith for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Icelandic folk legend has it that the rocky pillars in the country’s Skaelingar Valley were projectiles fired into the ground by armies of warring trolls. However, a new study in Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research indicates that these hollow pillars of basalt were formed by a very slow lava flow oozing from Iceland's volcanoes and interacting with water. The researchers’ conclusion is unusual because the mixing of water...

Study Shows Extrusive Volcanism Formed Hawaiian Islands
2013-10-07 09:17:25

University of Hawaii ‑ SOEST A recent study by researchers at the University of Hawaii – Manoa (UHM) School of Ocean and Earth Science and Technology (SOEST) and the University of Rhode Island (URI) changes the understanding of how the Hawaiian Islands formed. Scientists have determined that it is the eruptions of lava on the surface, extrusion, which grow Hawaiian volcanoes, rather than internal emplacement of magma, as was previously thought. Before this work, most scientists...

New Sourcing Technique Detects Obsidian In Seconds
2013-09-10 09:27:02

April Flowers for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Obsidian is a naturally occurring volcanic glass with a smooth, hard surface. It is far sharper than a surgical scalpel when fractured, making the glass a highly desirable raw material for crafting stone tools for almost all of human history. Found in East Africa, the earliest obsidian tools are nearly two million years old, and today, doctors still use obsidian scalpels in specialized medical procedures. The chemical composition of...


Latest Igneous petrology Reference Libraries

Volcanology
2014-01-12 00:00:00

Volcanology is the study of volcanoes, magma, lava, and related geological, geochemical, and geophysical phenomena. The term volcanology comes from the Latin word Vulcan. Vulcan is the ancient Roman god of fire. A volcanologist is a person who studies the creation of volcanoes, and their current and historic eruptions. Volcanologists frequently visit volcanoes, particularly active ones, to observe volcanic eruptions, collect eruptive products including samples of tephra, lava, and rock....

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Word of the Day
glogg
  • Scandinavian punch made of claret and aquavit with spices and raisins and orange peel and sugar.
This word comes from the Swedish 'glogg,' which is an alteration of 'glodgat,' mulled (wine).
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