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Last updated on April 19, 2014 at 9:20 EDT

Latest Igneous rocks Stories

Mount Hood Study Suggests Dormant Volcanoes Quickly Become Active
2014-02-17 07:22:37

[ Watch the Video: Dormant Volcanoes Can Quickly Become Active ] Lawrence LeBlond for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online New research by UC Davis and Oregon State University may soon lead to new forecasts into how soon volcanoes are ready to erupt. Geologists from both schools, publishing a paper online in the journal Nature, have found that in order for an eruption to occur, molten rock under the volcano must be sufficiently mobile. The evidence comes from a study of Oregon’s...

Iceland's Basalt Pillars Not From Warring Trolls, As Folk Legend Has It
2014-02-04 13:18:11

[ Watch the Video: Trolls Not Responsible For Iceland's Basalt Pillars ] Lee Rannals for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Icelandic trolls are not responsible for shaping the basalt pillars found on the island, according to a study recently published in the Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research. Folklore says that mysterious basalt pillars found in Iceland were created by a pair of angry trolls who hurled rocks at one another. However, the new study says that these...

Large Magma Chamber Sits Below World’s Most Active Volcano
2014-01-29 13:29:50

[ Watch the Video: What's Bubbling Below The Kilauea Volcano? ] Lee Rannals for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online University of Miami (UM) Rosenstiel School of Marine and Atmospheric Science researchers have discovered a large magma chamber below the world’s most active volcano. The new discovery is the first geophysical observation that large magma chambers exist in the deeper parts of Kilauea. For the study, the team analyzed the seismic waves that travel through the volcano....

YellowStone's Volcanic Caldera Much More Super Than Estimated
2013-12-17 15:35:14

[ Watch the Video: Yellowstone Volcano Bigger Than Estimated ] Lee Rannals for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online A supervolcano located in Yellowstone National Park is much larger than previously thought, according to research presented at the American Geophysical Union last week. The new study finds the supervolcano is about 2.5 times bigger than earlier estimates, stretching for more than 55 miles. Researchers used a network of seismometers situated around the national park to...

Geoscientist Leads International Drilling Mission To Lower Crust Of Pacific
2013-12-04 11:33:49

University of Houston A University of Houston (UH) geoscientist and his colleagues are revealing new discoveries about the Earth's development, following a major international expedition that recovered the first-ever drill core from the lower crust of the Pacific Ocean. Co-chief scientists Jonathan Snow from UH and Kathryn Gillis from University of Victoria in Canada led a team of 30 researchers from around the world on the $10 million expedition, finding a few surprises upon...

Volcanic Rock Research Sheds New Light On Earth’s Formation
2013-11-08 12:29:31

redOrbit Staff & Wire Reports - Your Universe Online By analyzing basalt, a substance formed from cooling lava, a team of European scientists have gained new insight into how the Earth’s core, crust and atmosphere formed, as well as how volcanic activity originated. According to UPI, the researchers recreated the conditions of the Earth approximately 4.5 billion years ago, when much of the world was molten and the crust formed as lava cooled. Their goal was to develop a...

Scientists Look At Supervolcano Life Cycle In Whole New Way
2013-10-11 14:49:13

Lee Rannals for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Scientists say they've discovered a new way to look at the life cycle of a supervolcano at a Yellowstone hotspot. University of Oregon researchers said that crystals of zircon from the Snake River Plain helped to solidify evidence of "recycled" super-volcanic magma chambers. This Yellowstone hotspot creates a conveyor belt style of volcanism because of the southwest migration of the North American plate at about 0.8 to 1.6 inches...

Iceland's Basalt Pillars Formed By Slow Lava And Water
2013-10-09 15:55:39

Brett Smith for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Icelandic folk legend has it that the rocky pillars in the country’s Skaelingar Valley were projectiles fired into the ground by armies of warring trolls. However, a new study in Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research indicates that these hollow pillars of basalt were formed by a very slow lava flow oozing from Iceland's volcanoes and interacting with water. The researchers’ conclusion is unusual because the mixing of water...

Study Shows Extrusive Volcanism Formed Hawaiian Islands
2013-10-07 09:17:25

University of Hawaii ‑ SOEST A recent study by researchers at the University of Hawaii – Manoa (UHM) School of Ocean and Earth Science and Technology (SOEST) and the University of Rhode Island (URI) changes the understanding of how the Hawaiian Islands formed. Scientists have determined that it is the eruptions of lava on the surface, extrusion, which grow Hawaiian volcanoes, rather than internal emplacement of magma, as was previously thought. Before this work, most scientists...

Eruptions Not Always Imminent From Slow Magma
2013-08-20 04:41:19

April Flowers for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online A new modeling study from the University of Washington reveals reservoirs of silica-rich magma of the sort that causes the most explosive volcanic eruptions can persist for hundreds of thousands of years in the Earth’s upper crust without triggering an eruption. In other words, regions such as Yellowstone National Park, known to have experienced a massive volcanic eruption in the past, could have a large pool of magma festering...


Latest Igneous rocks Reference Libraries

Hualālai
2014-04-10 12:06:55

Hualālai is a dormant shield volcano that is located on the island of Hawaii and is one of five volcanoes that form the island. It reaches an elevation of 8,271 feet and is thought to have emerged from the sea about 300,000 years ago, making it the third youngest volcano on the island. Its shape is rough compared to younger volcanoes and it holds three rift zones that are covered with over one hundred cinder cones and spatter cones. Although it does not hold a caldera at its summit, it does...

Kohala
2014-04-10 10:03:58

Kohala is an extinct shield volcano that is located on the island of Hawaii and reaches an elevation of 5,480 feet. It is one of five volcanoes that comprise the island of Hawaii and is thought to be about one million years old, although it only emerged from the sea about 500,000 years ago. Because its last eruption is thought to have occurred about 120,000 years ago, based on studies conducted on hardened lava flows, this volcano is not thought to pose a threat to inhabitants on the island....

Askja
2014-04-09 16:13:20

Askja is an active stratovolcano that is located in the isolated central highlands in Iceland. It reaches an elevation of 4,974 feet and its name literally means caldera, or box, in the Icelandic language. The area can only be reached during a period of a few months and because it located in the rain shadow of the Vatnajökull glacier to the northeast, it only receives 17.7 inches of rain per year. One of Askja’s smaller craters holds a lake known as Öskjuvatn, which is often frozen over...

Eldfell
2014-04-08 12:54:37

Eldfell is an active stratovolcano that is located in Iceland on the island of Heimaey, in the Vestmannaeyjar archipelago. It reaches an elevation of 656 feet and was created during a volcanic eruption on the east side of the island in 1973. Its name means Mountain of Fire in the Icelandic language. Iceland is an area with a high frequency of volcanic activity because it is located on top of the Iceland hotspot and beside the Mid-Atlantic Ridge. So many eruptions occur here that it is thought...

Kīlauea
2014-04-08 12:33:13

Kīlauea is an active shield volcano that is located on the island of Hawaii and is located within Hawaii Volcanoes National Park. This volcano, which reaches an elevation of 4,091 feet, is one of five volcanoes that form the island and it is the most active. It is thought to be between 300,000 and 600,000 years old and is the second youngest of all the Hawaii volcanoes. It was formed when the Pacific tectonic plate moved over the Hawaiian hotspot and like other Hawaiian volcanoes, it began...

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