Quantcast

Latest Igneous rocks Stories

Volcanic Super-Eruptions A Quicker Threat Than Previously Thought
2012-05-31 05:03:53

Lee Rannals for RedOrbit.com Volcanoes capable of super-eruptions that could be catastrophic for civilizations have short fuses, according to new research conducted at Vanderbilt University. Super-eruptions are more than 100 times the size of ordinary volcanic eruptions like Mount St. Helens. These types of eruptions spew out super-heated gas, ash and rock, and are capable of leveling entire continents. Researchers say that there is evidence of one super-eruption that took place in...

Crystal Composition Could Predict Volcanic Eruptions
2012-05-26 05:03:51

By studying crystals formed in volcanic rock, experts may be able to predict an impending eruption up to a year in advance, researchers from the University of Bristol have discovered. According to a Thursday press release from the university, Dr. Kate Saunders and her colleagues used forensic-style chemical analysis to link seismic observations of a 1980 eruption at Mount St. Helens to the growth of crystals within the large underground pool of liquid rock beneath the volcano known as the...

Melting Mantle Linked To Great Oxygenation Event 2.5 Billion Years Ago
2012-05-25 04:38:16

Brett Smith for RedOrbit.com Oxygen-based life evolved on Earth because of geological events that occurred over 2.5 million years ago, according to Princeton University researchers who published a report this week in the online journal Nature. Based on geological evidence, scientists know that roughly 2.5 billion years ago, oxygen levels in the atmosphere exploded and eventually gave birth to our present atmosphere. This time period, dubbed the Great Oxygenation Event (GOE), appears to...

Envisat Captures Nea Kameni Volcano Movement
2012-05-23 03:23:31

[ Watch the Video ] Archived data from the Envisat satellite show that the volcanic island of Santorini has recently displayed signs of unrest. Even after the end of its mission, Envisat information continues to be exploited for the long-term monitoring of volcanoes. Santorini is a picturesque Greek island in the south Aegean Sea and the most active volcanic center in the South Aegean Volcanic Arc. The island is the site of one of history´s largest volcanic eruptions, about 3600...

Guatemala On Alert After Fuego Spews Lava And Ash
2012-05-21 07:04:36

Guatemalan authorities raised an alert after the country´s most active volcano, Fuego, began spewing lava and columns of ash into the air at around 2:45 a.m. (0745 GMT) on May 19. Fuego, which overlooks the tourist hotspot of Antigua, shot ash 16,400 feet into the air and spewed lava 1,300 feet high and up to 3,280 feet long, according to a statement by Guatemala´s National Seismology, Vulcanology, Meteorology and Hydrology Institute. The disaster agency´s David de Leon...

2012-05-16 22:41:53

The early April earthquake of magnitude 8.6 that shook Sumatra was a grim reminder of the devastating earthquakes and tsunami that killed tens of thousands of people in 2004 and 2005. Now a new study, funded by the National Science Foundation, shows that the residents of that region are at risk from yet another potentially deadly natural phenomenon — major volcanic eruptions. Researchers from Oregon State University working with colleagues in Indonesia have documented six major...

Scientists Observe Rapid Change In Underwater Volcano
2012-05-14 11:28:02

Lee Rannals for RedOrbit.com Researchers have been able to capture the rise and collapse of an underwater volcano in the Pacific Ocean for the first time. The team studying Monowai volcano near Tonga has recorded large changes in height of the volcano in just two weeks. The researchers gathered images by sonar on a ship, unveiling new details about the submarine mountains. There are as many as 32,000 underwater mountains that have been identified around the world, and the majority...

Icelandic Volcano Ash Results Presented 2 Years After Eruption
2012-05-14 07:44:35

In May 2010, the ash cloud from the Icelandic volcano Eyjafjallajökull reached the Iberian Peninsula and brought airports to a halt all over Europe. At the time, scientists followed its paths using satellites, laser detectors, sun photometers and other instruments. Two years later they have now presented the results and models that will help to prevent the consequences of such natural phenomena. The eruption of the Eyjafjallajökull in the south of Iceland began on...

Was Little Ice Age Caused By Increased Volcanism In The Middle Ages?
2012-05-10 08:19:09

A large part of the Northern Hemisphere was in the midst of an unusual cold snap for nearly 500 years, from the Middle Ages through the early 19th century, in what scientists now call the “Little Ice Age.” A new study, published in the journal Geophysical Research Letters, has probed the longstanding mystery of when this event actually began, what caused it and how it was sustained for such a long period. Gifford Miller, a climatologist at the University of Colorado at...

Yellowstone: New Picture Emerges Of A More Active, Less 'Super' Volcano
2012-04-30 08:36:47

Brett Smith for Redorbit.com New research is casting doubts on the frequency or even the possibility of a ℠super-eruption´ that could blot out the sun from the Earth with a thick veil of volcanic ash. A joint research team from Washington State University and the Scottish Universities Environmental Research Centre said the biggest Yellowstone eruption on record was actually two different eruptions at least 6,000 years apart. According to the study published in the June...


Latest Igneous rocks Reference Libraries

Mount Nyiragongo
2014-08-28 11:22:30

Mount Nyiragongo is an active stratovolcano that is located in the Democratic Republic of the Congo. This volcano is part of the Virunga Mountains and is located in Virunga National Park. It reaches an elevation of 11,385 feet and has a crater that reaches 1.2 miles in width. This crater typically holds a lava lake that has varied between 2,000 and 10,660 feet in depth. It is not known how long this volcano has been active, but at least 34 eruptions have been recorded since 1882. Mount...

Chaitén
2014-08-28 10:38:21

Chaitén is a volcanic caldera that is located in southern Chile that reaches an elevation of 3,681 feet. It is thought that this volcano once held a rhyolite obsidian lava dome that reached 3,156 in height, but this was destroyed after its most recent eruption in 2008. In the past, this volcano has released grey obsidian, which was used by pre-Columbian cultures to make many objects, some of which have been found 250 miles away from the volcano. Chaitén experienced the beginning of a new...

Hualālai
2014-04-10 12:06:55

Hualālai is a dormant shield volcano that is located on the island of Hawaii and is one of five volcanoes that form the island. It reaches an elevation of 8,271 feet and is thought to have emerged from the sea about 300,000 years ago, making it the third youngest volcano on the island. Its shape is rough compared to younger volcanoes and it holds three rift zones that are covered with over one hundred cinder cones and spatter cones. Although it does not hold a caldera at its summit, it does...

Kohala
2014-04-10 10:03:58

Kohala is an extinct shield volcano that is located on the island of Hawaii and reaches an elevation of 5,480 feet. It is one of five volcanoes that comprise the island of Hawaii and is thought to be about one million years old, although it only emerged from the sea about 500,000 years ago. Because its last eruption is thought to have occurred about 120,000 years ago, based on studies conducted on hardened lava flows, this volcano is not thought to pose a threat to inhabitants on the island....

Askja
2014-04-09 16:13:20

Askja is an active stratovolcano that is located in the isolated central highlands in Iceland. It reaches an elevation of 4,974 feet and its name literally means caldera, or box, in the Icelandic language. The area can only be reached during a period of a few months and because it located in the rain shadow of the Vatnajökull glacier to the northeast, it only receives 17.7 inches of rain per year. One of Askja’s smaller craters holds a lake known as Öskjuvatn, which is often frozen over...

More Articles (16 articles) »
Word of the Day
blee
  • Color; hue; complexion.
This word is Middle English in origin.
Related