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Latest Igneous rocks Stories

Crystal Composition Could Predict Volcanic Eruptions
2012-05-26 05:03:51

By studying crystals formed in volcanic rock, experts may be able to predict an impending eruption up to a year in advance, researchers from the University of Bristol have discovered. According to a Thursday press release from the university, Dr. Kate Saunders and her colleagues used forensic-style chemical analysis to link seismic observations of a 1980 eruption at Mount St. Helens to the growth of crystals within the large underground pool of liquid rock beneath the volcano known as the...

Melting Mantle Linked To Great Oxygenation Event 2.5 Billion Years Ago
2012-05-25 04:38:16

Brett Smith for RedOrbit.com Oxygen-based life evolved on Earth because of geological events that occurred over 2.5 million years ago, according to Princeton University researchers who published a report this week in the online journal Nature. Based on geological evidence, scientists know that roughly 2.5 billion years ago, oxygen levels in the atmosphere exploded and eventually gave birth to our present atmosphere. This time period, dubbed the Great Oxygenation Event (GOE), appears to...

Envisat Captures Nea Kameni Volcano Movement
2012-05-23 03:23:31

[ Watch the Video ] Archived data from the Envisat satellite show that the volcanic island of Santorini has recently displayed signs of unrest. Even after the end of its mission, Envisat information continues to be exploited for the long-term monitoring of volcanoes. Santorini is a picturesque Greek island in the south Aegean Sea and the most active volcanic center in the South Aegean Volcanic Arc. The island is the site of one of history´s largest volcanic eruptions, about 3600...

Guatemala On Alert After Fuego Spews Lava And Ash
2012-05-21 07:04:36

Guatemalan authorities raised an alert after the country´s most active volcano, Fuego, began spewing lava and columns of ash into the air at around 2:45 a.m. (0745 GMT) on May 19. Fuego, which overlooks the tourist hotspot of Antigua, shot ash 16,400 feet into the air and spewed lava 1,300 feet high and up to 3,280 feet long, according to a statement by Guatemala´s National Seismology, Vulcanology, Meteorology and Hydrology Institute. The disaster agency´s David de Leon...

2012-05-16 22:41:53

The early April earthquake of magnitude 8.6 that shook Sumatra was a grim reminder of the devastating earthquakes and tsunami that killed tens of thousands of people in 2004 and 2005. Now a new study, funded by the National Science Foundation, shows that the residents of that region are at risk from yet another potentially deadly natural phenomenon — major volcanic eruptions. Researchers from Oregon State University working with colleagues in Indonesia have documented six major...

Scientists Observe Rapid Change In Underwater Volcano
2012-05-14 11:28:02

Lee Rannals for RedOrbit.com Researchers have been able to capture the rise and collapse of an underwater volcano in the Pacific Ocean for the first time. The team studying Monowai volcano near Tonga has recorded large changes in height of the volcano in just two weeks. The researchers gathered images by sonar on a ship, unveiling new details about the submarine mountains. There are as many as 32,000 underwater mountains that have been identified around the world, and the majority...

Icelandic Volcano Ash Results Presented 2 Years After Eruption
2012-05-14 07:44:35

In May 2010, the ash cloud from the Icelandic volcano Eyjafjallajökull reached the Iberian Peninsula and brought airports to a halt all over Europe. At the time, scientists followed its paths using satellites, laser detectors, sun photometers and other instruments. Two years later they have now presented the results and models that will help to prevent the consequences of such natural phenomena. The eruption of the Eyjafjallajökull in the south of Iceland began on...

Was Little Ice Age Caused By Increased Volcanism In The Middle Ages?
2012-05-10 08:19:09

A large part of the Northern Hemisphere was in the midst of an unusual cold snap for nearly 500 years, from the Middle Ages through the early 19th century, in what scientists now call the “Little Ice Age.” A new study, published in the journal Geophysical Research Letters, has probed the longstanding mystery of when this event actually began, what caused it and how it was sustained for such a long period. Gifford Miller, a climatologist at the University of Colorado at...

Yellowstone: New Picture Emerges Of A More Active, Less 'Super' Volcano
2012-04-30 08:36:47

Brett Smith for Redorbit.com New research is casting doubts on the frequency or even the possibility of a ℠super-eruption´ that could blot out the sun from the Earth with a thick veil of volcanic ash. A joint research team from Washington State University and the Scottish Universities Environmental Research Centre said the biggest Yellowstone eruption on record was actually two different eruptions at least 6,000 years apart. According to the study published in the June...

Image 1 - Lava Flows On Mars Resembles Patterns On Earth
2012-04-27 03:52:42

Lee Rannals for RedOrbit.com New photos taken by the High Resolution Imaging Science Experiment (HiRISE) camera on the Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter show unique lava flows on Mars that resemble patterns seen on Earth. The lava flows reveal coiling spiral patterns that resemble snail or nautilus shells, according to research published in the scientific journal Science on Friday. On Earth, lava coils can be found on the Big Island of Hawaii, mainly on the surface of ropey pahoehoe lava...


Latest Igneous rocks Reference Libraries

Hualālai
2014-04-10 12:06:55

Hualālai is a dormant shield volcano that is located on the island of Hawaii and is one of five volcanoes that form the island. It reaches an elevation of 8,271 feet and is thought to have emerged from the sea about 300,000 years ago, making it the third youngest volcano on the island. Its shape is rough compared to younger volcanoes and it holds three rift zones that are covered with over one hundred cinder cones and spatter cones. Although it does not hold a caldera at its summit, it does...

Kohala
2014-04-10 10:03:58

Kohala is an extinct shield volcano that is located on the island of Hawaii and reaches an elevation of 5,480 feet. It is one of five volcanoes that comprise the island of Hawaii and is thought to be about one million years old, although it only emerged from the sea about 500,000 years ago. Because its last eruption is thought to have occurred about 120,000 years ago, based on studies conducted on hardened lava flows, this volcano is not thought to pose a threat to inhabitants on the island....

Askja
2014-04-09 16:13:20

Askja is an active stratovolcano that is located in the isolated central highlands in Iceland. It reaches an elevation of 4,974 feet and its name literally means caldera, or box, in the Icelandic language. The area can only be reached during a period of a few months and because it located in the rain shadow of the Vatnajökull glacier to the northeast, it only receives 17.7 inches of rain per year. One of Askja’s smaller craters holds a lake known as Öskjuvatn, which is often frozen over...

Eldfell
2014-04-08 12:54:37

Eldfell is an active stratovolcano that is located in Iceland on the island of Heimaey, in the Vestmannaeyjar archipelago. It reaches an elevation of 656 feet and was created during a volcanic eruption on the east side of the island in 1973. Its name means Mountain of Fire in the Icelandic language. Iceland is an area with a high frequency of volcanic activity because it is located on top of the Iceland hotspot and beside the Mid-Atlantic Ridge. So many eruptions occur here that it is thought...

Kīlauea
2014-04-08 12:33:13

Kīlauea is an active shield volcano that is located on the island of Hawaii and is located within Hawaii Volcanoes National Park. This volcano, which reaches an elevation of 4,091 feet, is one of five volcanoes that form the island and it is the most active. It is thought to be between 300,000 and 600,000 years old and is the second youngest of all the Hawaii volcanoes. It was formed when the Pacific tectonic plate moved over the Hawaiian hotspot and like other Hawaiian volcanoes, it began...

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Word of the Day
tesla
  • The unit of magnetic flux density in the International System of Units, equal to the magnitude of the magnetic field vector necessary to produce a force of one newton on a charge of one coulomb moving perpendicular to the direction of the magnetic field vector with a velocity of one meter per second. It is equivalent to one weber per square meter.
This word is named for Nikola Tesla, the inventor, engineer, and futurist.