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Latest Igneous rocks Stories

2012-03-30 08:29:09

Two new studies into the "plumbing systems" that lie under volcanoes could bring scientists closer to predicting large eruptions. International teams of researchers, led by the University of Leeds, studied the location and behavior of magma chambers on the Earth's mid-ocean ridge system - a vast chain of volcanoes along which the Earth forms new crust. They worked in Afar (Ethiopia) and Iceland - the only places where mid-ocean ridges appear above sea level. Volcanic ridges (or...

2012-03-28 08:52:51

Topics in the 26 March posting of GEOLOGY include anthropogenic impacts on the Indus River into the Arabian Sea; possible electrical conductivity beneath the Yellowstone hotspot track; mountain-forming volcanoes and deadly debris flows; melting beneath the Colorado Plateau; widespread weathered glass on Mars; and a new view into Mars' global aqueous history. GEOLOGY articles published ahead of print can be accessed online at http://geology.gsapubs.org/content/early/recent. When articles...

2012-03-13 17:00:08

Georgia Tech instruments measure unprecedented deformation Do a Google image search for “Greece.” Before you find pictures of the Parthenon or Acropolis, you´ll see several beautiful photos of Santorini, the picturesque island in the Aegean Sea. The British Broadcasting Company named it the world´s best island in 2011. Santorini is a tourist magnet, famous for its breathtaking, cliff side views and sunsets. It´s also a volcanic island that has been relatively...

2012-03-13 09:08:43

Highlights include several studies based in the U.S. Sierra Nevada, including a description of "magma fingers" and the formation of granite in the high Sierra crest near Yosemite National Park. Other studies investigate knickzones in the South Fork of the Eel River, California; the Rodgers Creek-Maacama fault system in the northern California Coast Ranges and its relation to the San Andreas fault; and the frequency and severity of destructive debris flows in the Pacific Northwest....

Volcanic Activity In Alaska Heats Up
2012-02-20 11:16:06

Several volcanoes in our northernmost state of Alaska are showing increased signs of activity, and scientists are keeping a wary eye on them both, reports Yareth Rosen for Reuters. Kanaga Volcano, located near the port city of Adak, experienced a tremor Saturday morning followed by more seismic activity for about an hour, said the Alaska Volcano Observatory. This activity follows more of the same at Mount Cleveland, which threatens to make life troubling for Alaskans. Last erupting in...

Image 1 - Dutch Scientists Analyze Lack Of Lunar Volcanoes
2012-02-20 05:22:27

A team of Dutch scientists believe that they have discovered why there are no active volcanoes on the Moon, even though recent seismic activity suggests that there is a good amount of magma below the surface. According to Olivia Solon of Wired.co.uk, Mirjam van Kan Parker and Wim van Westrenen from VU University Amsterdam and their colleagues produced microscopic copies of moon rock collected during the Apollo missions, then melted them at extremely high pressures and temperatures in order...

Lava Formations In Western US Linked To Tear In Giant Slab Of Earth
2012-02-17 04:04:00

Scripps scientists propose mass melting as new force behind volcanic activity in Columbia River region Like a stream of air shooting out of an airplane's broken window to relieve cabin pressure, scientists at Scripps Institution of Oceanography at UC San Diego say lava formations in eastern Oregon are the result of an outpouring of magma forced out of a breach in a massive slab of Earth. Their new mechanism explaining how such a large volume of magma was generated is published in the Feb....

High-Pressure Phase Changes Could Play Role In Exoplanet Formation
2012-02-12 05:37:38

Phase transitions in liquid magmas at the pressure and temperature levels that exist deep within Earth-like planets could play a role in the formation of new worlds, according to a new research put forth by experts at California's Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL). According to a Friday UPI article, the process is similar to the way that graphite, when placed in high-pressure conditions, can transform into diamonds. In much the same way, the LLNL researchers assert that molten...

Tree Rings May Underestimate Climate Response To Volcanic Eruptions
2012-02-06 05:45:55

Some climate cooling caused by past volcanic eruptions may not be evident in tree-ring reconstructions of temperature change because large enough temperature drops lead to greatly shortened or even absent growing seasons, according to climate researchers, who compared tree-ring temperature reconstructions with model simulations of past temperature changes. "We know these tree rings capture most temperature changes quite well," said Michael Mann, professor of meteorology and geosciences and...

Studies Suggest Volcanic Eruptions Can Be Predicted
2012-02-03 06:01:44

New research suggests that eruptions at some of Earth's largest volcanoes could be predicted decades before the event actually occurs, potentially making it easier for experts to monitor danger zones and conduct pre-emptive evacuations to keep residents out of harm's way. In one study, published Thursday in the journal Nature, scientists investigate "caldera-forming volcanic eruptions," or eruptions that discharge such massive amount of magma that it can create a large depression in the...


Latest Igneous rocks Reference Libraries

Hualālai
2014-04-10 12:06:55

Hualālai is a dormant shield volcano that is located on the island of Hawaii and is one of five volcanoes that form the island. It reaches an elevation of 8,271 feet and is thought to have emerged from the sea about 300,000 years ago, making it the third youngest volcano on the island. Its shape is rough compared to younger volcanoes and it holds three rift zones that are covered with over one hundred cinder cones and spatter cones. Although it does not hold a caldera at its summit, it does...

Kohala
2014-04-10 10:03:58

Kohala is an extinct shield volcano that is located on the island of Hawaii and reaches an elevation of 5,480 feet. It is one of five volcanoes that comprise the island of Hawaii and is thought to be about one million years old, although it only emerged from the sea about 500,000 years ago. Because its last eruption is thought to have occurred about 120,000 years ago, based on studies conducted on hardened lava flows, this volcano is not thought to pose a threat to inhabitants on the island....

Askja
2014-04-09 16:13:20

Askja is an active stratovolcano that is located in the isolated central highlands in Iceland. It reaches an elevation of 4,974 feet and its name literally means caldera, or box, in the Icelandic language. The area can only be reached during a period of a few months and because it located in the rain shadow of the Vatnajökull glacier to the northeast, it only receives 17.7 inches of rain per year. One of Askja’s smaller craters holds a lake known as Öskjuvatn, which is often frozen over...

Eldfell
2014-04-08 12:54:37

Eldfell is an active stratovolcano that is located in Iceland on the island of Heimaey, in the Vestmannaeyjar archipelago. It reaches an elevation of 656 feet and was created during a volcanic eruption on the east side of the island in 1973. Its name means Mountain of Fire in the Icelandic language. Iceland is an area with a high frequency of volcanic activity because it is located on top of the Iceland hotspot and beside the Mid-Atlantic Ridge. So many eruptions occur here that it is thought...

Kīlauea
2014-04-08 12:33:13

Kīlauea is an active shield volcano that is located on the island of Hawaii and is located within Hawaii Volcanoes National Park. This volcano, which reaches an elevation of 4,091 feet, is one of five volcanoes that form the island and it is the most active. It is thought to be between 300,000 and 600,000 years old and is the second youngest of all the Hawaii volcanoes. It was formed when the Pacific tectonic plate moved over the Hawaiian hotspot and like other Hawaiian volcanoes, it began...

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