Latest Igneous rocks Stories
Highlights include several studies based in the U.S. Sierra Nevada, including a description of "magma fingers" and the formation of granite in the high Sierra crest near Yosemite National Park.
Several volcanoes in our northernmost state of Alaska are showing increased signs of activity, and scientists are keeping a wary eye on them both. Rosen for Reuters.
A team of Dutch scientists believe that they have discovered why there are no active volcanoes on the Moon, even though recent seismic activity suggests that there is a good amount of magma below the surface.
Like a stream of air shooting out of an airplane's broken window to relieve cabin pressure, scientists at Scripps Institution of Oceanography at UC San Diego say lava formations in eastern Oregon are the result of an outpouring of magma forced out of a breach in a massive slab of Earth.
Phase transitions in liquid magmas at the pressure and temperature levels that exist deep within Earth-like planets could play a role in the formation of new worlds.
Some climate cooling caused by past volcanic eruptions may not be evident in tree-ring reconstructions of temperature change because large enough temperature drops lead to greatly shortened or even absent growing seasons.
New research suggests that eruptions at some of Earth's largest volcanoes could be predicted decades before the event actually occurs, potentially making it easier for experts to monitor danger zones and conduct pre-emptive evacuations to keep residents out of harm's way.
The Alaska Volcano Observatory raised a warning level for a remote Alaskan volcano on Tuesday, indicating a possible eruption.
In California's Death Valley, death is looking just a bit closer. Geologists have determined that the half-mile-wide Ubehebe Crater, formed by a prehistoric volcanic explosion, was created far more recently than previously thought—and that conditions for a sequel may exist today.
Mount Nyiragongo is an active stratovolcano that is located in the Democratic Republic of the Congo. This volcano is part of the Virunga Mountains and is located in Virunga National Park. It reaches an elevation of 11,385 feet and has a crater that reaches 1.2 miles in width. This crater typically holds a lava lake that has varied between 2,000 and 10,660 feet in depth. It is not known how long this volcano has been active, but at least 34 eruptions have been recorded since 1882. Mount...
Chaitén is a volcanic caldera that is located in southern Chile that reaches an elevation of 3,681 feet. It is thought that this volcano once held a rhyolite obsidian lava dome that reached 3,156 in height, but this was destroyed after its most recent eruption in 2008. In the past, this volcano has released grey obsidian, which was used by pre-Columbian cultures to make many objects, some of which have been found 250 miles away from the volcano. Chaitén experienced the beginning of a new...
Hualālai is a dormant shield volcano that is located on the island of Hawaii and is one of five volcanoes that form the island. It reaches an elevation of 8,271 feet and is thought to have emerged from the sea about 300,000 years ago, making it the third youngest volcano on the island. Its shape is rough compared to younger volcanoes and it holds three rift zones that are covered with over one hundred cinder cones and spatter cones. Although it does not hold a caldera at its summit, it does...
Kohala is an extinct shield volcano that is located on the island of Hawaii and reaches an elevation of 5,480 feet. It is one of five volcanoes that comprise the island of Hawaii and is thought to be about one million years old, although it only emerged from the sea about 500,000 years ago. Because its last eruption is thought to have occurred about 120,000 years ago, based on studies conducted on hardened lava flows, this volcano is not thought to pose a threat to inhabitants on the island....
Askja is an active stratovolcano that is located in the isolated central highlands in Iceland. It reaches an elevation of 4,974 feet and its name literally means caldera, or box, in the Icelandic language. The area can only be reached during a period of a few months and because it located in the rain shadow of the Vatnajökull glacier to the northeast, it only receives 17.7 inches of rain per year. One of Askja’s smaller craters holds a lake known as Öskjuvatn, which is often frozen over...
- A transitional zone between two communities containing the characteristic species of each.
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