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infection Reference Libraries

Page 1 of about 18 Articles
Yersinia enterocolitica
2011-04-28 18:03:11

Yersinia enterocolitica is a species of gram-negative coccobacillus-shaped bacterium, belonging to the family Enterobacteriaceae. Infection from Yersinia enterocolitica causes the zoonotic disease yersiniosis. Most infected animals recover from the disease and become asymptomatic carriers. Acute infections lead to mild self-limiting entero-colitis or terminal ileitis in humans. Symptoms...

Labor Induction
2011-04-28 17:02:45

Labor Induction is a process of giving an artificial start to birth with medical intervention or other methods. When an induction is not performed for emergency or other medical reasons, the method is considered an elective process. The decision to induce labor has increased in recent years due to its convenience or because it easily accommodates busy schedules. The American College of...

Vibrio vulnificus
2011-04-28 16:37:36

Vibrio vulnificus is a species of Gram-negative, motile, curved, rod-shaped bacteria of the Vibrio Genus. Hollis et al. first reported it in 1976. It was given the name Beneckea vulnifica by Reichelt et al. in 1976 and in 1979 Vibrio vulnificus by Farmer. V. vulnificus is related to V. cholerae and is present in marine environments such as estuaries, brackish ponds, or coastal areas. It...

Staphylococcus epidermidis
2011-04-26 20:59:00

Staphylococcus epidermidis is one of thirty-three known species belonging to the genus Staphylococcus. It is part of our skin flora and can also be found in the mucous membranes and in animals. It is the most common species found in laboratory test due to contamination. It is not usually pathogenic; however, patients with a compromised immune system often risk infection. Infections can be...

Staphylococcus aureus
2011-04-26 20:20:41

Staphylococcus aureus is a facultative anaerobic gram-positive coccus, and is the most common cause of staph infections. It is commonly part of the skin flora found in the nose and on skin. Around 20% of the human population is long-term carriers. It gets its golden color due to its carotenoid pigment staphyloxanthin. The pigment acts as a virulence factor with an antioxidant action that allows...

Mycoplasma genitalium
2011-04-25 16:25:00

Mycoplasma genitalium is a small parasitic bacterium that lives on the ciliated epithelial cells of the primate genital and respiratory tracts. It is the smallest known free-living bacterium. Up until 2002 it was also considered to be the organism with the smallest genome. M. genitalium was isolated in 1980 from urethral specimens of two male patients with non-gonococcal urethritis. Infection...

Helicobacter pylori
2011-04-15 15:38:47

Helicobacter pylori is a Gram-negative, microaerophilic bacterium that can inhabit various areas of the stomach, particularly the antrum. It causes low-level inflammation of the stomach lining and is linked to gastric ulcers and stomach cancer. Out of those infected, 80%, are asymptomatic. It was initially named Campyloacter pyloridis and then renamed C. pylori to correct the Latin grammar...

Rubella Virus
2011-03-03 21:34:50

Rubella virus is the cause of congenital rubella syndrome when infection occurs during the first weeks of pregnancy. Humans are the only known host of this virus. It is the only member of the genus of Rubivirus and belongs to the family of Togaviridae. Members of the Togaviridae family typically have a genome of single-stranded RNA of positive polarity which is enclosed by an icosahedral...

Respiratory syncytial virus
2011-02-23 17:56:27

Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) causes respiratory tract infections and is a major cause of lower respiratory tract infection and hospital visits during infancy and childhood. For premature infants and infants with congenital heart disease there is a prophylactic medication. During winter months in temperate climates there is an annual epidemic. Infection in tropical climates is most...

Poliovirus
2011-02-23 17:23:51

Poliovirus, the causative agent of poliomyelitis and a member of the family of Picornaviridae, is a human enterovirus. It is composed of an RNA genome that is a single-stranded positive-sense RNA. It was first isolate in 1909 and was published in 1981. It is one of the most well characterized viruses and has become a useful model system for understanding the biology of RNA viruses. It...

Word of the Day
cruet
  • A vial or small glass bottle, especially one for holding vinegar, oil, etc.; a caster for liquids.
This word is Middle English in origin, and ultimately comes from the Old French, diminutive of 'crue,' flask.
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