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Study Looks At Association Between Childhood Maltreatment And Volume Of Cerebral Grey Matter
2014-06-19 03:11:11

FECYT - Spanish Foundation for Science and Technology Abuse could lead to permanent brain damage An international study has analyzed the association between childhood maltreatment and the volume of cerebral grey matter, responsible for processing information. The results revealed a significant deficit in various late developing regions of the brain after abuse. According to the World Health Organisation (WHO), child maltreatment is defined as all forms of physical and/or emotional...

2014-04-08 09:56:00

New research reveals that brain damage affecting the insula – an area with a key role in emotions – disrupts errors of thinking linked to gambling addiction. The research, led by Dr Luke Clark from the University of Cambridge, was published on April 7 2014 in the journal PNAS. During gambling games, people often misperceive their chances of winning due to a number of errors of thinking called cognitive distortions. For example, ‘near-misses’ seem to encourage further play, even...

Deep Brain Region Controls How Quickly We Make Decisions About Love
2014-02-14 12:47:19

Lee Rannals for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online According to a study published in the journal Current Trends in Neurology, a region found deep within the brain is able to control how quickly people make decisions about love. The research is the first to provide causal clinical evidence that an area of the brain known as the anterior insula plays an instrumental role in love. “The current work makes it possible to disentangle love from other biological drives,” the authors...

Males Differ From Females In Specific Brain Structures
2014-02-12 13:09:03

University of Cambridge Reviewing over 20 years of neuroscience research into sex differences in brain structure, a Cambridge University team has conducted the first meta-analysis of the evidence, published this week in the prestigious journal Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews. The team, led by doctoral candidate Amber Ruigrok and Professors John Suckling and Simon Baron-Cohen in the Department of Psychiatry, performed a quantitative review of the brain imaging literature testing...

Brain Similarities In Humans And Monkeys
2014-01-29 04:46:02

April Flowers for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online A new study from Oxford University researchers suggests a surprising degree of similarity in the organization of brain regions that control language and complex thought processes in humans and monkeys, as well as key differences. The team's finding demonstrate valuable insights into the evolutionary processes that established the link between humans and other primates and what made humans distinctly different. "We tend to think that...

2013-11-04 15:31:05

Non-motor symptoms, including abnormalities in cognition, mental behaviors, autonomic nerves and sensory perception, have the greatest effect on the quality of in Parkinson's disease patient life. Voxel-based morphometry can be used to quantitatively compare structural differences and func-tional changes of gray matter in subjects. According to a study, Gray matter images of 32 Parkinson's disease patients and 25 healthy controls were compared using voxel-based morphometry to investigate the...

Erogenous Zones Myths And Facts
2013-09-10 09:37:03

Michael Harper for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Erogenous zones, or those areas of the body which arouse a person sexually, have long been puzzling to neuroscientists and other researchers. It had been widely assumed, of course, that most men have just one area of the body that gets them aroused, while many women can be stimulated in various areas to produce arousal. And then there's issue of feet: How can feet be so sexually appealing to certain members and so repulsive to others?...

Schizophrenia Genetic Origins
2013-08-26 14:28:00

Brett Smith for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Schizophrenia is a one of the most complex and devastating of the inherited mental disorders, and remains a significant public health concern. In a new study published in the journal Nature Genetics, an international team of researchers has identified 22 locations in the human genome that are involved in the development of the condition, including 13 that have been named for the very first time. "If finding the causes of schizophrenia...

2013-07-23 10:49:27

Research could have direct application for treating human drinking problems A research team led by scientists from the Ernest Gallo Clinic and Research Center at the University of California, San Francisco has identified circuitry in the brain that drives compulsive drinking in rats, and likely plays a similar role in humans. The scientists found they could reduce compulsive drinking in rats by inhibiting key neural pathways that run between the prefrontal cortex, which is involved with...

Hot Flashes In Menopause Have Neural Origins
2013-07-16 05:05:07

April Flowers for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online For the first time in years, neuroscientists from Wayne State University School of Medicine have provided novel insights into the neural origins of hot flashes in menopausal women. The study, published in Cerebral Cortex, might inform and eventually lead to new treatments for women experiencing the sudden but temporary episodes of body warmth, flushing and sweating. "The idea of understanding brain responses during thermoregulatory...


Word of the Day
endocarp
  • The hard inner (usually woody) layer of the pericarp of some fruits (as peaches or plums or cherries or olives) that contains the seed.
This word comes from the Greek 'endon,' in, within, plus the Greek 'kardia,' heart.
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