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Latest Interdisciplinary fields Stories

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2011-01-19 14:27:27

TAU measures the human mind against the yardstick of a machine Although we're convinced that baby is brilliant when she mutters her first words, cognitive scientists have been conducting a decades-long debate about whether or not human beings actually "learn" language. Most theoretical linguists, including the noted researcher Noam Chomsky, argue that people have little more than a "language organ" "” an inherent capacity for language that's activated during early childhood. On the...

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2010-12-15 09:20:00

The brains of fighter pilots are significantly different from those of the average individual, claims a new study published Tuesday in the Journal of Neuroscience. Using a series of cognitive tests and MRI scans, researchers from University College London (UCL) studied 11 front-line Tornado fighter pilots from the Royal Air Force (RAF). Each of the pilots were asked to complete two "cognitive control" tasks centered around rapid decision making, and also had their brains scanned using a type...

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2010-12-09 07:02:01

By Yasmin Anwar, University of California, Berkeley Like the mute button on the TV remote control, our brains filter out unwanted noise so we can focus on what we're listening to. But when it comes to following our own speech, a new brain study from the University of California, Berkeley, shows that instead of one homogenous mute button, we have a network of volume settings that can selectively silence and amplify the sounds we make and hear. Neuroscientists from UC Berkeley, UCSF and Johns...

2010-11-17 14:04:13

Research offers new insights into communication problems like stuttering New human and animal studies released today uncover the extensive brain wiring used in communication and provide new insights into how the brain processes and produces language, accents, and sounds. The research also explores the brain abnormalities in people with speech and language problems, such as stuttering, suggesting future treatment avenues. The new findings were presented at Neuroscience 2010, the annual meeting...

2010-11-16 22:14:57

Studies reveal brain underpinnings for auditory and visual illusions and everyday experiences New research indicates that the integration of senses and functions in the brain is common. About two percent of the population has a condition called synesthesia, in which two different sensations, like color and sound, are experienced at once. Although this condition is rare, the new findings suggest the brain is wired in complex and sometimes overlapping ways to help people interpret and...

2010-11-16 19:12:28

Studies explore lifestyle's influence on wellness and brain health New research is providing a deeper understanding of how individual actions "” such as exercising, sensory stimulation, or drinking "” influence brain health and outcomes. This new knowledge could ultimately lead to interventions in age-related cognitive declines, drug abuse, stroke, and brain injury, separate from or in combination with traditional pharmacological approaches. These findings were presented at...

2010-11-15 15:02:10

Video game-based technologies allow new insight into memory, perception and motor control New tools inspired by video games are revealing how the brain senses and responds to its surroundings, finds new human and animal research. Taking advantage of state-of-the art technologies to track and mimic real-life environments, these studies show with new detail how the brain navigates, identifies, and remembers a setting. In additional human research, scientists apply these same technological...

2010-11-10 17:17:51

A team of researchers from the University of Minnesota's College of Liberal Arts and College of Science and Engineering have found that an early part of the brain's visual system rewires itself when people are trained to perceive patterns, and have shown for the first time that this neural learning appears to be independent of higher order conscious visual processing. The researchers' findings could help shape training programs for people who must learn to detect subtle patterns quickly, such...

2010-11-01 04:27:00

CARLSBAD, Calif., Nov. 1, 2010 /PRNewswire/ -- General Manifolds LLC, a technology company focused on fundamental cognitive algorithms, announced today that the United States Patent and Trademark Office has issued US Patent 7,805,386 covering a computational system and method for simulating functions within the cerebral cortex of the human brain. This ground-breaking technology is relevant to a broad range of applications from artificial intelligence to pharmacology. The patent, titled "A...

2010-08-05 16:25:18

Various aspects of our environment"”including political systems, economic systems, and even climate and geography"”can affect our thinking and behavior, a field of study known as socioecological psychology. In a report in Perspectives on Psychological Science, a journal of the Association for Psychological Science, psychological scientists Shigehiro Oishi and Jesse Graham from the University of Virginia examine the impact of social and physical environments on human thought and...


Word of the Day
jument
  • A beast of burden; also, a beast in general.
'Jument' ultimately comes from the Latin 'jugum,' yoke.
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