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Latest Interstellar medium Stories

05eb230206e60ea5065e9b0a2c3954781
2009-12-23 13:41:57

The solar system is passing through an interstellar cloud that physics says should not exist. In the Dec. 24th issue of Nature, a team of scientists reveal how NASA's Voyager spacecraft have solved the mystery. "Using data from Voyager, we have discovered a strong magnetic field just outside the solar system," explains lead author Merav Opher, a NASA Heliophysics Guest Investigator from George Mason University. "This magnetic field holds the interstellar cloud together and solves the...

89074864b7b9a697108bc3205cfb7d5f1
2009-11-20 09:10:29

When NASA's Cassini spacecraft began orbiting Saturn five years ago, a dozen highly-tuned science instruments set to work surveying, sniffing, analyzing and scrutinizing the Saturnian system. But Cassini recently revealed new data that appeared to overturn the decades-old belief that our solar system resembled a comet in shape as it moves through the interstellar medium (the matter between stars in our corner of the Milky Way galaxy). Instead, the new results suggest our heliosphere more...

3520a7f9d58d7342b6196f7f3cbe9af71
2009-10-16 07:20:00

Images from the Ion and Neutral Camera on NASA's Cassini spacecraft suggest that the heliosphere, the region of the sun's influence, may not have the comet-like shape predicted by existing models. In a paper published Oct. 15 in Science Express, researchers from the Johns Hopkins Applied Physics Laboratory present a new view of the heliosphere, and the forces that shape it. "These images have revolutionized what we thought we knew for the past 50 years; the sun travels through the galaxy not...

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2009-10-16 06:50:00

NASA's Interstellar Boundary Explorer, or IBEX, spacecraft has made it possible for scientists to construct the first comprehensive sky map of our solar system and its location in the Milky Way galaxy. The new view will change the way researchers view and study the interaction between our galaxy and sun. The sky map was produced with data that two detectors on the spacecraft collected during six months of observations. The detectors measured and counted particles scientists refer to as...

2009-10-15 13:00:00

PALO ALTO, Calif., Oct. 15 /PRNewswire/ -- Nearly a year ago - on October 19, 2008 - the Interstellar Boundary Explorer (IBEX) - a NASA Small Explorer Mission - was launched into Earth orbit to discover the global interaction between the solar wind and the interstellar medium - the gas, dust and radiation environment between the stars - by measuring the neutral atoms created by that interaction. As our Sun travels through the galaxy it is encompassed in a giant bubble inflated by a...

978c1798767dcd74b2f12029241c27c3
2009-10-02 07:35:00

Herschel has delivered spectacular vistas of cold gas clouds lying near the plane of the Milky Way, revealing intense, unexpected activity. The dark, cool region is dotted with stellar factories, like pearls on a cosmic string. On 3 September, Herschel aimed its telescope at a reservoir of cold gas in the constellation of the Southern Cross near the Galactic Plane. As the telescope scanned the sky, the spacecraft's Spectral and Photometric Imaging REceiver, SPIRE, and Photoconductor Array...

2009-09-08 13:38:48

U.S. scientists say they have determined a component of deep space clouds is also found on Earth -- in mothballs. University of Georgia researchers said they have shown for the first time that one component of clouds emitting unusual infrared, known as the Unidentified Infrared Bands, is a gaseous version of naphthalene, the chief component of mothballs. The unidentified infrared band stellar clouds have been seen by astronomers for more than 30 years, but no one has ever identified what...

474f23bf77cb3ce174e8fdc81c58d9ad
2009-09-02 13:26:16

Interstellar clouds, drifting through the unimaginable vastness of space, may be the stuff dreams are made of. But it turns out there's an unexpectedly strange component in those clouds, and it's not dreams but "” mothballs? Well, not exactly, but researchers from the University of Georgia have just shown for the first time that one component of clouds emitting unusual infrared light know as the Unidentified Infrared Bands (UIRs) is a gaseous version of naphthalene, the chief component...

2009-08-28 08:43:00

GREENBELT, Md., Aug. 28 /PRNewswire-USNewswire/ -- The dust-filled disks where new planets may be forming around other stars occasionally take on some difficult-to-understand shapes. Now, a team led by John Debes at NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center in Greenbelt, Md., finds that a star's motion through interstellar gas can account for many of them. (Logo: http://www.newscom.com/cgi-bin/prnh/20081007/38461LOGO) "The disks contain small comet- or asteroid-like bodies that may grow to form...

73e1b74127822be3587ebcc121e6b30a1
2009-08-28 09:45:00

The dust-filled disks where new planets may be forming around other stars occasionally take on some difficult-to-understand shapes. Now, a team led by John Debes at NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center in Greenbelt, Md., finds that a star's motion through interstellar gas can account for many of them. "The disks contain small comet- or asteroid-like bodies that may grow to form planets," Debes said. "These small bodies often collide, which produces a lot of fine dust." As the star moves through...


Latest Interstellar medium Reference Libraries

7_9d2e259c13e5a649c6295922288878812
2004-10-19 04:45:43

UV Astronomy -- UV astronomy is the branch of astronomy and astrophysics which deals with objects visible in ultraviolet (UV) radiation. UV radiation ranges approximatively from 10nm (extreme UV) to 380nm (near UV). Ultraviolet line spectrum measurements are used to discern the chemical composition, densities, and temperatures of interstellar medium, and the temperature and composition of hot young stars. UV observations can also provide essential information about the evolution of...

6_53083d96ff77dbf99c47ef10b6a209332
2004-10-19 04:45:41

Molecular Cloud -- Molecular clouds are interstellar nebulae that have a density and size sufficient to permit the formation of H2, molecular hydrogen. However, this molecule is difficult to detect, and the molecule most used to trace the H2 is CO (carbon monoxide). The ratio between CO luminosity and H2 mass is roughly constant, although there are reasons to doubt this assumption in observations of some other galaxies. In the Milky Way, molecular clouds account for roughly one-half...

6_465ffbdda99223eeee479def3ec0523d2
2004-10-19 04:45:41

Interstellar Cloud -- Interstellar cloud is the generic name given to accumulations of gas and dust in our galaxy. Depending on the density, size and temperature of a given cloud, the hydrogen in it can be neutral (HI clouds) or molecular (molecular clouds). Chemical compositions Analysing the composition of interstellar clouds is achieved by studying electromagnetic radiation that we receive from them. Large radio telescopes scan the intensity in the sky of particular frequencies of...

6_02132514ceb20be8f009384c891c09472
2004-10-19 04:45:41

Heliopause -- The heliopause is the boundary where our Sun's solar wind is stopped by the interstellar medium. The solar wind blows a "bubble" in the interstellar medium (the rareified hydrogen and helium gas that permeates the galaxy). The point where the solar wind's strength is no longer great enough to push back the interstellar medium is known as the heliopause, and is often considered to be the outer "border" of the solar system. The distance to the heliopause is not precisely...

6_27cd6c2b382d1ebdf3550737650c941e2
2004-10-19 04:45:41

Emission Nebula -- In astronomy, emission nebulae are clouds of ionized gas, emitting light of various colors. The most common source for ionization are high-energy photons emitted from a nearby young, hot star. Usually, a young star will ionize part of the same cloud from which it was born. Only big, hot stars can release the amount of energy required to ionize a significant part of a cloud. Often, an entire cluster of young stars is doing the work. The nebula's color depends on...

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