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Latest Ionic liquid Stories

2012-06-18 10:45:38

Ongoing saga of building a better fuel cell catalyst goes holistic The design of a nature-inspired material that can make energy-storing hydrogen gas has gone holistic. Usually, tweaking the design of this particular catalyst -- a work in progress for cheaper, better fuel cells -- results in either faster or more energy efficient production but not both. Now, researchers have found a condition that creates hydrogen faster without a loss in efficiency. And, holistically, it requires the...

Gold-plated Fossil Cleanup
2012-05-24 07:27:54

A team from the University of Leicester has solved a long-standing problem in fossil research, and their novel approach will assist in the study of ancient specimens. Fossils are often coated with a very thin layer of gold to study the specimens under an electron microscope. The gold brings out otherwise invisible details. When the analysis is complete the fossils need to be returned to their natural state. However, the removal of the gold has always been difficult, expensive, and uses...

2012-05-15 09:46:31

By deciphering the makeup of a bacterium found in the soil of a tropical rain forest, scientists may have a better understanding of how to more efficiently produce biofuels. The production of liquid fuels derived from plant biomass offers a promising technology for reducing greenhouse gas emissions and dependence on fossil fuels. While sugars stored within the plant cell wall, known as lignocellulose, are plentiful enough to supply most energy needs on the planet, their extraction is...

A Microbe Which Can Handle Ionic Liquids
2012-05-15 05:23:38

New find from Joint BioEnergy Institute could help reduce biofuel production costs In the search for technology by which economically competitive biofuels can be produced from cellulosic biomass, the combination of sugar-fermenting microbes and ionic liquid solvents looks to be a winner save for one major problem: the ionic liquids used to make cellulosic biomass more digestible for microbes can also be toxic to them. A solution to this conundrum, however, may be in the offing....

2012-03-27 10:44:23

Far from being a pipe dream years away from reality, practical technology for capturing carbon dioxide – the main greenhouse gas – from smokestacks is aiming for deployment at coal-fired electric power generating stations and other sources, scientists said here today. Their presentation at the 243rd National Meeting of the American Chemical Society, the world's largest scientific society, was on a potential advance toward dealing with the 30 billion tons of carbon dioxide released...

2011-06-30 17:22:06

In order to realize the full potential of advanced biofuels that are derived from non-food sources of lignocellulosic biomass"”e.g., agricultural, forestry, and municipal waste, and crops such as poplar, switchgrass and miscanthus"”new technologies that can efficiently and cost-effectively break down this biomass into simple sugars are required. Existing biomass pretreatment technologies are typically derived from the pulp and paper industry and rely on dilute acids and bases to...

2011-04-06 22:52:49

Queen's researchers have discovered that nanoparticles, which are now present in everything from socks to salad dressing and suntan lotion, may have irreparably damaging effects on soil systems and the environment. "Millions of tonnes of nanoparticles are now manufactured every year, including silver nanoparticles which are popular as antibacterial agents," says Virginia Walker, a professor in the Department of Biology. "We started to wonder what the impact of all these nanoparticles might be...

2009-09-28 10:50:00

Scientists at The University of Nottingham have overcome one of the significant research challenges facing electrochemists. For the first time they have found a way of probing right into the heart of an electrochemical reaction. Their breakthrough will help scientists understand how catalysts work. If this is understood even better catalysts could be created. Chemists and engineers, under the direction of Dr Pete Licence in the School of Chemistry, overcame significant challenges to be able...

2009-07-22 13:27:30

Separating carbon dioxide from its polluting source may soon be cleaner and more efficient, research at a California lab indicates. A Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory researcher developed a screening method that would use ionic liquids -- a type of molten salt that liquefies under the boiling point of water -- to separate carbon dioxide from its source, the Livermore, Calif., lab said Wednesday in a release. The method is cleaner, more viable and more stable than what is available now,...

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2009-07-11 07:19:18

They've been dubbed "grassoline" - second generation biofuels made from inedible plant material, including fast-growing weeds, agricultural waste, sawdust, etc. - and numerous scientific studies have shown them to be prime candidates for replacing gasoline to meet our transportation needs. However, before we can begin to roll down the highways on sustainable, carbon-neutral grassoline, numerous barriers must be overcome, starting with finding ways to break lignocellulosic biomass down into...


Latest Ionic liquid Reference Libraries

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2005-05-25 18:44:16

In chemistry, salt is a general term used for ionic compounds composed of positively charged cations and negatively charged anions, so that the product is neutral and without a net charge. These ions can be inorganic (Cl-) as well as organic (CH3-COO-) and monoatomic (F-) as well as polyatomic ions (SO42-). Solutions of salts in water are called electrolytes. Electrolytes as well as molten salts conduct electricity. Zwitterions are salts that contain an anionic center and a cationic...

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Word of the Day
bodacious
  • Remarkable; prodigious.
  • Audacious; gutsy.
  • Completely; extremely.
  • Audaciously; boldly.
  • Impressively great in size; enormous; extraordinary.
This word is probably from the dialectal 'boldacious,' a blend of 'bold' and 'audacious.'
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