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Caribbean Coral Reef Inhabitants Critical In Determining

Caribbean Coral Reef Inhabitants Critical In Determining Future Of Reefs

Provided by Jo Bowler, University of Exeter New research led by the University of Exeter has found that species that live in and erode coral reefs will play a major role in determining the future of reefs. The research, which is published in...

Latest Islands Stories

crown-of-thorns sea star
2014-10-02 03:00:06

Kathryn Sabella, Smithsonian Coral reefs face a suite of perilous threats in today’s ocean. From overfishing and pollution to coastal development and climate change, fragile coral ecosystems are disappearing at unprecedented rates around the world. Despite this trend, some species of corals surrounding the island of Moorea in French Polynesia have a natural protector in their tropical environment: coral guard-crabs. New research from the National Museum of Natural History’s Smithsonian...

ocean acidification
2014-10-01 03:00:15

Hebrew University of Jerusalem Over 35 years, a 40% reduction in calcium carbonate deposits in Australia’s Great Barrier Reef An expedition from the Hebrew University of Jerusalem and the Carnegie Institute of Science has measured a roughly 40% reduction in the rate of calcium carbonate deposited in Australia’s Great Barrier Reef in the last 35 years — a scenario that could damage the reef framework and endanger the entire coral ecosystem. Coral reefs are the most ecologically...

Lizard Island
2014-09-19 03:00:16

Ken Caldeira, Carnegie Institution A team of researchers working on a Carnegie expedition in Australia’s Great Barrier Reef has documented that coral growth rates have plummeted 40 percent since the mid-1970s. The scientists suggest that ocean acidification may be playing an important role in this perilous slowdown. In a quest for historical context on the peril facing coral reefs, the team compared current measurements of the growth rate of a section of Australia’s Great Barrier...

Great Barrier Reef Is An Effective Wave Absorber: Study
2014-09-19 03:25:13

University of Southampton New research has found that the Great Barrier Reef, as a whole, is a remarkably effective wave absorber, despite large gaps between the reefs. This means that landward of the reefs, waves are mostly related to local winds rather than offshore wave conditions. As waves break and reduce in height over reefs, this drives currents that are very important for the transport of nutrients and larvae. This reduction in wave height also has implications for shoreline...

hard coral species Pachyseris inattesa
2014-08-19 03:30:07

Pensoft Publishers The hard corals primarily responsible for the construction of coral reefs around the world have attracted the attention of taxonomists for hundreds of years. Despite the important role such corals play in building what are arguably the world's most diverse ecosystems, coral reefs in some parts of the world still hold surprises for modern scientists. An international team of scientists has recently described a new hard coral species, Pachyseris inattesa, from the Saudi...

2014-07-29 23:03:53

Corals that build reefs have few defenses against rising ocean temperatures and other effects of global climate change. The authors of an article published in the current issue of Phycologia seek to recognize a coral species group that appears to have adapted to withstand the physiological stress of ocean temperature changes. Lawrence, KS (PRWEB) July 29, 2014 Phycologia – Corals that build reefs have few defenses against rising ocean temperatures and other effects of global climate...

Jennifer Lopez Has New Mite Species Named After Her
2014-07-16 03:33:42

Pensoft Publishers During a recent survey of organisms collected from Bajo de Sico, a mesophotic coral reef ecosystem in Mona Passage off Puerto Rico, one pontarachnid mite species new to science was discovered. The new species was named after the famous Puerto Rican singer Jennifer Lopez. The study was published in the open access journal ZooKeys. "The reason behind the unusual choice of name for the new species," explains the lead author Vladimir Pešić, Department of Biology,...

Researchers Study Biological Erosion Of Mesophotic Tropical Coral Reefs
2014-07-09 03:10:42

University of Miami Rosenstiel School of Marine & Atmospheric Science Researchers compare bioerosion on deeper reef systems to better understand long-term structural sustainability A new study on biological erosion of mesophotic tropical coral reefs, which are low energy reef environments between 30-150 meters deep, provides new insights into processes that affect the overall structure of these important ecosystems. The purpose of the study was to better understand how bioerosion...

How Does Algal And Coral Cover Affect Microscopic Life That Call The Reef Home?
2014-07-07 03:56:00

By Michael Price, San Diego State University A new study by biologists at San Diego State University and Scripps Institution of Oceanography shows that inhabited coral islands that engage in commercial fishing dramatically alter their nearby reef ecosystems, disturbing the microbes, corals, algae and fish that call the reef home. The study’s lead author, Linda Wegley Kelly, is a postdoctoral scholar in the lab of SDSU virologist Forest Rohwer. She's been involved in some capacity...

Discovery Of A Prehistoric Reef Built By First Hard-Shelled Animals
2014-06-27 11:22:17

Gerard LeBlond for redorbit.com - Your Universe Online Located on dry land in Namibia is a 550-million-year-old reef that researchers say was built by the first hard-shelled animals. It is one of the oldest reefs known and tiny aquatic fossils have revealed that the creatures developed hard protective coats and constructed the reefs for shelter and safety. The study, led by Professor Rachel Wood of the University of Edinburgh, and collaborated on with other scientists from Edinburgh,...


Latest Islands Reference Libraries

Coral Reef
2013-04-20 15:49:21

Coral reefs are submerged structures consisting of calcium carbonate secreted by corals. Coral reefs are colonies of small animals found in marine waters that enclose few nutrients. The majority of coral reefs are constructed from stony corals, which then consist of polyps that come together in groups. The polyps are like small sea anemones, to which they are very closely related. Unlike the sea anemones, coral polyps secrete hard carbonate exoskeletons which provide support and protections...

Australia
2013-02-18 13:27:43

Australia, officially the Commonwealth of Australia, is a country involving the mainland of the Australian continent, the island of Tasmania and a number of smaller islands. It’s the world’s sixth-largest country regarding to total area. Some of the neighboring countries include East Timor, Indonesia, and Papua New Guinea to the north; the Solomon Islands, New Caledonia and Vanuatu to the north-east; and New Zealand to the south-east. For at least 40,000 years before European...

Bat Ray, Myliobatis Californica
2012-12-27 16:22:15

The bat ray is part of the eagle ray family living on the sandy or muddy sea bottom, a kelp bed, and rocky shoreline, in an estuary, bay, or slough off the Pacific coast and around the Galapagos Islands. It can be found in a group or swimming alone and will sometime bury itself in the sand. The average length of the bat ray is 3.28 feet, but some have been recorded of reaching 5.9 feet. Wingspan of this species can reach 6 feet and weigh up to 200 lbs., but typically 20 - 30 lbs. is the...

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Word of the Day
negawatt
  • A unit of saved energy.
Coined by Amory Lovins, chairman of the Rocky Mountain Institute as a contraction of negative watt on the model of similar compounds like megawatt.