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Latest Islands Stories

Juvenile Corals Fed Prior To Transplantation To New Reef More Successful
2014-06-06 14:57:37

PLOS Feeding juvenile corals prior to transplantation into a new reef may increase their survival, according to a study published June 4, 2014 in the open-access journal PLOS ONE by Tai Chong Toh from the National University of Singapore and colleagues. The global decline of coral reefs and the loss of associated ecological services have necessitated immediate intervention measures to try to reverse their further deterioration. Scientists have attempted to recolonize damaged reefs by...

2014-05-30 08:22:07

LANDOVER, Md., May 30, 2014 /PRNewswire-USNewswire/ -- The Khaled bin Sultan Living Oceans Foundation and its founder, His Royal Highness Prince Khaled bin Sultan of Saudi Arabia, have been awarded a Peter Benchley award for Excellence in Ocean Exploration. The award recognizes their work exploring and creating first-ever detailed maps of some of the world's most remote coral reef systems. http://photos.prnewswire.com/prnvar/20140529/92426 The Peter Benchley Awards are billed as...

New Biodiversity Study Overturns Controversial Scientific Theory
2014-05-27 03:54:54

ARC Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies Researchers have today released ground-breaking findings that dismiss the ‘Neutral Theory of Biodiversity’. The theory has dominated biodiversity research for the past decade, and been advocated as a tool for conservation and management efforts. Professor Sean Connolly from the ARC Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies (Coral CoE) at James Cook University (JCU) is the lead author of the international study, which he says...

Coral Reefs Reduce Risk Of Coastal Hazards, Climate Change
2014-05-14 05:55:09

redOrbit Staff & Wire Reports - Your Universe Online While an elevated risk of strong storms, flooding and other coastal hazards could be threatening the lives of hundreds of millions of people around the world, an international team of researchers writing in Tuesday’s edition of the journal Nature Communications has discovered an unusual way to reduce that risk: coral reefs. “Coral reefs serve as an effective first line of defense to incoming waves, storms and rising seas,”...

Reef Fish Arrived In Two Waves
2014-04-11 10:11:10

University of California, Davis The world's reefs are hotbeds of biological diversity, including over 4,500 species of fish. A new study shows that the ancestors of these fish colonized reefs in two distinct waves, before and after the mass extinction event about 66 million years ago that wiped out the dinosaurs. Reef fish represent one of the largest and most diverse assemblages of vertebrates, according to Samantha Price, a postdoctoral researcher in the Department of Evolution and...

2014-03-25 23:01:10

HOBO® U22 Data Loggers Monitor Potentially Damaging Increases in Local Sea Temperature and Determine Effects on Coral Bourne, MA (PRWEB) March 25, 2014 At Naitauba, Fiji, a 2,000-acre island completely encircled by a coral reef, the Naitauba Reef Initiative is working with researchers from the University of the South Pacific (USP) School of Marine Studies to learn as much as possible about all aspects of the reef. Onset’s HOBO U22 Water Temperature Pro v2 data loggers are being...

elkhorn coral
2014-02-28 08:28:25

University of Southampton A new publication from researchers at the University of Southampton and the National Oceanography Centre, Southampton highlights the importance of nutrients for coral reef survival. Despite the comparably small footprint they take on the ocean floor, tropical coral reefs are home to a substantial part of all marine life forms. Coral reefs also provide numerous benefits for human populations, providing food for millions and protecting coastal areas from erosion....

Future Presence Of Fish Near The Equator Threatened Due To Rapid Pace Of Climate Change
2014-02-12 13:59:10

ARC Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies According to an international team of researchers, the rapid pace of climate change is threatening the future presence of fish near the equator. “Our studies found that one species of fish could not even survive in water just three degrees Celsius warmer than what it lives in now,” says the lead author of the study, Dr Jodie Rummer from the ARC Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies (Coral CoE) at James Cook University. Dr...

New Coral Species Discovered In Peruvian Pacific
2014-02-04 05:19:13

[ Watch the Video: New Species Of Soft Coral ] redOrbit Staff & Wire Reports - Your Universe Online Researchers from the Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute (STRI) and the University of Costa Rica have apparently discovered a new, fiery-red species of coral in the shallow waters of the Peruvian Pacific. The new species has been named Psammogorgia hookeri in honor of Cayetano Heredia Peruvian University biologist Yuri Hooker, and according to the authors of a paper in the...

First Ever Cold Water Coral Reef Found In Greenland
2014-01-28 13:46:36

[ Watch the Video: Cold Water Coral Reef Discovered In Greenland ] Lee Rannals for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Researchers have discovered the first ever cold-water coral reef in Greenland at a depth of nearly 3,000 feet below sea-level. Scientists have found several species of coral in Greenland, but this is the first time that an actual reef has been found. The team discovered the Greenlandic reef in southwest Greenland off Cape Desolation south of lvittuut. They found...


Latest Islands Reference Libraries

Coral Reef
2013-04-20 15:49:21

Coral reefs are submerged structures consisting of calcium carbonate secreted by corals. Coral reefs are colonies of small animals found in marine waters that enclose few nutrients. The majority of coral reefs are constructed from stony corals, which then consist of polyps that come together in groups. The polyps are like small sea anemones, to which they are very closely related. Unlike the sea anemones, coral polyps secrete hard carbonate exoskeletons which provide support and protections...

Australia
2013-02-18 13:27:43

Australia, officially the Commonwealth of Australia, is a country involving the mainland of the Australian continent, the island of Tasmania and a number of smaller islands. It’s the world’s sixth-largest country regarding to total area. Some of the neighboring countries include East Timor, Indonesia, and Papua New Guinea to the north; the Solomon Islands, New Caledonia and Vanuatu to the north-east; and New Zealand to the south-east. For at least 40,000 years before European...

Bat Ray, Myliobatis Californica
2012-12-27 16:22:15

The bat ray is part of the eagle ray family living on the sandy or muddy sea bottom, a kelp bed, and rocky shoreline, in an estuary, bay, or slough off the Pacific coast and around the Galapagos Islands. It can be found in a group or swimming alone and will sometime bury itself in the sand. The average length of the bat ray is 3.28 feet, but some have been recorded of reaching 5.9 feet. Wingspan of this species can reach 6 feet and weigh up to 200 lbs., but typically 20 - 30 lbs. is the...

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Word of the Day
humgruffin
  • A terrible or repulsive person.
Regarding the etymology of 'humgruffin,' the OED says (rather unhelpfully) that it's a 'made-up word.' We might guess that 'hum' comes from 'humbug' or possibly 'hum' meaning 'a disagreeable smell,' while 'gruffin' could be a combination of 'gruff' and 'griffin.'