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Japan Reference Libraries

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Bonin Wood Pigeon Columbia versicolor
2014-09-10 10:35:09

The Bonin Wood Pigeon (Columbia versicolor) was a pigeon that was native to Nakado-jima and Chichi-jima in the Ogasawara Islands off of the coast of Japan. It’s known from four documented specimens, the first of 1827 and the last from 1889. They averaged a length of 45 centimeters. This bird died out late in the 19th century as a result of deforestation, hunting, and predation by the rats and...

Threadsail Filefish Stephanolepis cirrhifer
2014-06-13 09:04:41

The threadsail filefish (Stephanolepis cirrhifer) is a fish species found in the western Pacific from northern Japan to the East China Sea. Usually found near the seabed at depths of 33 feet. Juveniles generally shelter themselves within the safety of drifting seaweed to hide from predators. It is a migratory fish that can move over 62 miles between feeding and spawning grounds. The...

Nissan GT-R
2013-12-02 09:48:19

The Nissan GT-R was first released in Japan in 2007. It is a sports car manufactured by Nissan and features all-wheel-drive. There were two concept vehicles unveiled before the GT-R was produced. One in 2001 and a redesigned concept in 2005 called the GT-R Proto. The 2007 GT-R model was based 80-90 percent on the Proto concept vehicle. The first United States GT-R was delivered on July 7,...

Japanese Amberjack Seriola quinqueradiata
2013-10-09 11:40:25

The Japanese Amberjack (Seriola quinqueradiata), known also as the yellowtail, is a bony fish belonging to the family called Carangidae. It’s native to the northwest Pacific Ocean from Japan to Hawaii and Baja California. It is greatly appreciated within Japan, where it is called Hamachi or buri. They are eaten either raw or cooked, and are a seasonal favorite within the cooler months when...

Sword Tail Newt Cynops ensicuada
2013-10-07 13:56:26

The Sword-tail Newt (Cynops ensicauda) has recently been put on Japan’s Red List of Threatened Amphibians. This newt has a very small range and can only be found in some of the southernmost islands in Japan. Occasionally, Sword-tail Newts are referred to as Fire-bellied Newts, not to be confused with the common Chinese and Japanese species, because of their bright orange colored bellies,...

Tosa
2013-09-19 10:42:47

The Tosa, also known as the Tosa Inu, is a breed of domestic dog that originated in Japan. The dog was developed in the late nineteenth century when various types of European breed like the mastiff, Old English bulldog, and the German pointer were crossed with the Shikoku-Inu breed from Japan. This large breed was very popular as a fighting dog between the years of 1924 to 1933, when there were...

Finless Porpoise Neophocaena phocaenoides
2013-08-17 13:37:05

The finless porpoise (Neophocaena phocaenoides) can be found in the coastal waters of Asia. Its range includes China, Indonesia, Korea, India, Japan, and Bangladesh. Its western range extends from the coast if India to the Persian Gulf and a distinct freshwater subspecies resides in the Yangtze River. It prefers to reside in shallow areas along the shore, at depths of up to 160 feet. This...

Nintendo Wii U
2013-08-10 09:31:20

The Wii U is a video game console released on November 18, 2012, in North America, November 30, 2012 in the PAL region, and December 8, 2012 in Japan. It is manufactured by Nintendo to compete against the Sony PlayStation 4 and the Xbox One. As of March 31, 2013, 3.45 million Wii Us have been sold worldwide. In the US 400,000 units were sold in the first week of release. Over 40,000 units...

Japanese Wrinkled Frog Glandirana rugosa
2013-07-19 13:33:53

The Japanese Wrinkled Frog (Glandirana rugosa) is a species of true frog endemic to Japan and introduced to Hawaii in the late 19th century. It has occasionally been regarded as a single species with the Imienpo Station Frog, Glandirana emeljanovi, which is located on the East Asian mainland. The two species are distinguished from other frogs by their rough and uneven skin. It resides and...

Anotogaster sieboldii
2013-07-10 15:47:26

Anotogaster sieboldii, known locally as oniyanma in Japanese, is a species of dragonfly that can be found in Japan. It is the largest dragonfly in that range, reaching an average body length of up to 3.9 inches. Adults are able to breed about two months after their final metamorphosis. After breeding, females will travel to slow moving streams, ponds, and other calm waters to lay their eggs,...

Word of the Day
taphephobia
  • A morbid dread of being buried alive. Also spelled 'taphiphobia'.
The word 'taphephobia' comes from Greek roots meaning 'burial' and 'fear'.
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