Last updated on April 16, 2014 at 9:13 EDT

Latest Jets Stories

Extreme Space Weather In 2012 Resulted In Fastest Solar Wind Speed Ever Recorded
2014-03-19 05:25:02

[ Watch the Video: STEREO Captures Fastest CME to Date ] redOrbit Staff & Wire Reports - Your Universe Online Researchers have uncovered the origin and cause of an extreme space weather event that took place July 22, 2012 on the sun which generated the fastest solar wind speed ever recorded directly by a solar wind instrument. The formation of the powerful event showed remarkable features as a massive cloud of solar material erupted off the sun's right side, zooming out into...

Van Allen Probes Helping To Refine Space Weather Computer Models
2014-03-10 07:45:30

redOrbit Staff & Wire Reports - Your Universe Online Data from the Van Allen Probes has been combined with a high-powered computer model to help researchers test and improve the forecast model to determine how the two giant near-Earth radiation belts they orbit can affect technology in space, NASA officials reported on Friday. The Van Allen radiation belts, which are teeming with rapidly-moving particles and a space weather system that varies in response to incoming solar particles...

Double Tropical Trouble For Queensland, Australia Seen By NASA
2014-03-07 15:08:46

Rob Gutro, NASA There are two developing areas of tropical low pressure that lie east and west of Queensland, Australia. System 96P and System 98P, respectively. The MODIS instrument that flies aboard both NASA's Aqua and Terra satellites captured images of both tropical trouble-makers as each satellite passed overhead on March 7. In the Coral Sea, part of the Southwestern Pacific Ocean, System 96P was just 125 nautical miles/143.8 miles/231.5 km north-northeast of Willis Island,...

Space Weather Shielding Provided By Plasma Plumes
2014-03-07 05:41:48

April Flowers for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online The magnetosphere, Earth's magnetic field, stretches from the core of the planet out into space. Here, the magnetosphere meets the solar wind, a stream of charged particles emitted by the sun. The magnetosphere, for the main part, acts to shield the Earth from this high-energy solar activity. When the Earth's magnetosphere comes into contact with the sun's magnetic field in a process called "magnetic reconnection," the Earth's...

Space Weather Around Venus Is Harsher Than That Around Earth
2014-02-21 14:01:57

[ Watch the Video: What's Causing Crazy Weather On Venus? ] Lee Rannals for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online According to a study published in the Journal of Geophysical Research, space weather around Venus is much harsher than what is experienced around Earth. Scientists have discovered that the space weather around Venus can have such large explosions that they are bigger than the entire planet. They also said that these giant explosions can happen multiple times per day....

Meteor Shower Guide For 2014
2013-12-22 03:21:09

[ Watch the Video: Meteor Shower Guide For 2014 ] redOrbit Staff & Wire Reports - Your Universe Online A new year brings with it a new opportunity to watch shooting stars, and thankfully NASA has released a list of the easiest to observe and most active meteor showers astronomy enthusiasts can expect to see in 2014. Things kick off almost immediately with the Quadrantids, a lesser known meteor shower that is named after a now-extinct constellation. The Quadrantids will peak...

van allen probes
2013-12-21 04:46:57

April Flowers for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Data from NASA's Van Allen Probes mission has helped researchers resolve decades of scientific uncertainty over the origin of ultra-relativistic electrons in Earth's near space environment. The findings, published in Nature, are likely to influence our understanding of planetary magnetospheres throughout the universe. One of the primary science objectives of the Van Allen Probes is to understand the processes that control the...

Decades-old Mystery In Earth's Upper Atmosphere Solved
2013-12-18 14:51:49

University of California - Los Angeles New research published in the journal Nature resolves decades of scientific controversy over the origin of the extremely energetic particles known as ultra-relativistic electrons in the Earth's near-space environment and is likely to influence our understanding of planetary magnetospheres throughout the universe. Discovering the processes that control the formation and ultimate loss of these electrons in the Van Allen radiation belts — the rings...

Earth's Van Allen Belts Thrust Particles To Near The Speed Of Light
2013-12-04 14:38:49

Lee Rannals for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online NASA’s twin Van Allen Probes have led to another new discovery of Earth’s mysterious radiation belts. Researchers used data from the NASA spacecraft to reveal that the high-energy particles populating the Van Allen radiation belts can be accelerated to nearly the speed of light. This finding comes on the heels of a related discovery showing similar particle acceleration but on a microscopic, rather than planetary, scale. “The...

NASA TV Plans Live Coverage Of Leonids Meteor Shower This Weekend
2013-11-15 09:27:49

[ Watch the Video: Catch The Leonids At Home Via Ustream ] redOrbit Staff & Wire Reports - Your Universe Online Good news for those living in areas where it might be difficult to watch the 2013 Leonid meteor shower as it reaches peak conditions this weekend -- NASA’s Marshall Space Flight Center in Huntsville, Alabama will be providing a live Ustream video of the event. The Leonids will peak starting on the night of Saturday, November 16 and last into the early morning...

Latest Jets Reference Libraries

Ring Current
2004-10-19 04:45:44

Ring Current -- A ring current is an electric current carried by charged particles trapped in a planet's magnetosphere. It is caused by the longitudinal drift of energetic (10-200 keV) particles. Earth's Ring Current Earth's ring current is responsible for geomagnetic storms. The ring current system consists of a band, at a distance of 3-5 RE(1), which lies in the equatorial plane and circulates clockwise around the Earth (when viewed from the north). The particles of this region...

2004-10-19 04:45:41

Microquasar -- Microquasars are smaller cousins of quasars. They are named after quasars, as they have some common characteristics: strong and variable radio emission often seen as radio jets, and an accretion disk surrounding a black hole. In quasars, the black hole is supermassive (millions of solar masses) as in microquasars, the black hole mass is a few solar masses. In microquasars, the accreted mass comes from a normal star and the accretion disk is very luminous in optical regions...

2004-10-19 04:45:41

Aurora -- The Polar Aurora are natural displays of light in the sky that can be seen with the unaided eye only at night. An auroral display in the Northern Hemisphere is called the aurora borealis, or the northern lights; in the Southern Hemisphere it is called the aurora australis. Auroras are the most visible effect of the sun's activity on the earth's atmosphere. The beautiful and often eerie curtains of light in the night time sky have been observed by people for millennia. An aurora...

2004-10-19 04:45:41

Van Allen Radiation Belt -- The Van Allen radiation belt is a torus of energetic charged particles around Earth, trapped by Earth's magnetic field. The presence of a radiation belt had been theorized prior to the Space Age and the belt's presence was confirmed by the Explorer I on January 31, 1958 and Explorer III missions, under Doctor James Van Allen. The trapped radiation was first mapped out by Explorer IV and Pioneer III. Qualitatively, it is useful to view this belt as consisting...

2004-10-19 04:45:41

Solar Wind -- Solar wind, a stream of particles (mostly high-energy protons ~ 500 Kev) that is continually ejected from the surface of the Sun. The composition of this plasma is identical to the Sun's corona, 73% hydrogen and 25% helium with the remainder as trace impurities, and is ionized. Near Earth, the velocity of the solar wind varies from 200km/s-889km/s. The average is 450 km/s. Approximately 3000 tons of material is lost from the Sun every hour as solar wind. Since solar...

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