Last updated on April 20, 2014 at 14:04 EDT

Latest Jets Stories

Using Black Hole Disks And Jets To Explore The Limits Of Spacetime
2013-02-22 10:37:51

Watch the video "Magneto-Spin Alignment Effect Movie (Black Hole Jet)" April Flowers for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Black holes are voracious monsters at the center of galaxies that shape the growth and death of the stars around them with their tremendous gravitational pull and explosive ejections of energy.  "Over its lifetime, a black hole can release more energy than all the stars in a galaxy combined," explains“¯Roger Blandford, Stanford professor,...

Understanding The Magnetosphere Better Than Ever With Help From THEMIS
2013-02-20 10:47:18

NASA On Earth, scientists can observe weather patterns, and more importantly can predict them, through the use of tens of thousands of weather observatories scattered around the globe. Up in the space surrounding Earth -- a space that seethes with its own space weather made of speeding charged particles and constantly changing magnetic fields that can impact satellites — there are only a handful of spacecraft to watch for solar and magnetic storms. The number of observatories has...

Tropical Cyclone 15S Forms In The Southern Indian Ocean Seen by NASA
2013-02-12 10:21:43

NASA The fifteenth tropical cyclone of the Southern Indian Ocean season strengthened into a tropical storm today, Feb. 11, and NASA's Aqua satellite passed overhead hours after it reached tropical storm strength. Tropical Cyclone 15S was born from the low pressure area designated as System 92S. System 92S developed on Feb. 9 and intensified into a tropical storm on Feb. 11 at 0300 UTC. At that time, Tropical Cyclone 15S had maximum sustained winds near 35 knots (40.2 mph/64.8 kph),...

NASA Constructs Lobster Eye Imager
2013-02-08 10:59:10

April Flowers for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online To study charge exchange, a poorly understood phenomenon that occurs when the solar wind collides with Earth's exosphere and neutral gas in interplanetary space, three NASA scientists teamed up to develop and demonstrate NASA's first wide-field-of-view soft X-ray camera. It is rare to have researchers from such diverse disciplines as heliophysics, astrophysics and planetary science teaming up, but that's exactly what happened at...

New Theory Of ENAs At Edge Of Solar System Checks Out With Data
2013-02-06 11:58:06

John P. Millis, Ph.D. for redOrbit.com — Your Universe Online While our solar system contains many fascinating objects — planets, moons and the Sun, to name just a few — one of the most interesting and perplexing of these objects lies at its very edge. Our Sun sweeps charged particles through the solar system, encasing us in a cocoon that shields us from the interstellar environment. It is at the boundary of the solar system, where the solar wind slows and the...

Venus Caught Looking Like A Comet
2013-01-30 04:35:17

[ Watch the Video: What is Venus? ] John P. Millis, Ph.D. for redOrbit.com — Your Universe Online At the very edges of the Earth´s atmosphere, where the Earth´s magnetic field begins, solar radiation strips electrons from the tenuous gas that is slowly leaking into space. This region, known as the ionosphere is famously responsible for allowing terrestrial radio transmissions over great distances. During World War II, for example, radio operators would...

Auroras Exist Elsewhere Besides Earth, Say Planetary Scientists
2013-01-21 15:01:22

John P. Millis, Ph.D. for redOrbit.com — Your Universe Online Every year, eager sky watchers travel to the northern reaches of the Earth to catch a glimpse of the northern lights. This spectacle of color in the atmosphere — the Aurora Borealis and its companion to the south, the Aurora Australis — arises as the solar wind interacts with our atmosphere. When charged particles from our Sun hit our atmosphere, oxygen and nitrogen atoms become excited. As the atoms relax,...

NASA Cluster Mission Sheds Light On Mysteries Of Solar Winds
2013-01-09 14:42:24

Brett Smith for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Data collected from the European Space Agency´s (ESA) Cluster Mission showed for the first time how turbulence within solar wind can create a warming effect as the charged particles travel away from the sun. The solar wind is formed by electrically charged plasma being ejected from the sun´s super hot atmosphere. According to a new report in the new issue of Physical Review Letters based on Cluster data, very small...

Solar Winds May Be Warmed By Turbulent Plasma
2012-12-19 10:43:11

Watch the video "Simulated Vision of Solar Wind Turbulence" April Flowers for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Scientists have zoomed in on solar wind to reveal the finest detail yet using the European Space Agency's (ESA) Cluster quartet of satellites as a space plasma microscope. They found tiny turbulent swirls that could play a big role in heating the winds. The fact that these winds stay hotter than they current models predict has been a long-standing puzzle in solar physics...

Chandra Eyes Most Distant X-ray Jet Ever Observed
2012-11-29 10:00:20

April Flowers for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online NASA's Chandra X-ray Observatory has detected a jet of X-rays from a supermassive black hole 12.4 billion light years from Earth, making it the most distant X-ray jet ever observed. The jet gives astronomers a glimpse into the explosive activity associated with super massive black hole growth in the early universe. A quasar named GB 1428+4217, or GB 1428 for short, produced the jet of X-rays. The black holes at the center of most...

Latest Jets Reference Libraries

Ring Current
2004-10-19 04:45:44

Ring Current -- A ring current is an electric current carried by charged particles trapped in a planet's magnetosphere. It is caused by the longitudinal drift of energetic (10-200 keV) particles. Earth's Ring Current Earth's ring current is responsible for geomagnetic storms. The ring current system consists of a band, at a distance of 3-5 RE(1), which lies in the equatorial plane and circulates clockwise around the Earth (when viewed from the north). The particles of this region...

2004-10-19 04:45:41

Microquasar -- Microquasars are smaller cousins of quasars. They are named after quasars, as they have some common characteristics: strong and variable radio emission often seen as radio jets, and an accretion disk surrounding a black hole. In quasars, the black hole is supermassive (millions of solar masses) as in microquasars, the black hole mass is a few solar masses. In microquasars, the accreted mass comes from a normal star and the accretion disk is very luminous in optical regions...

2004-10-19 04:45:41

Aurora -- The Polar Aurora are natural displays of light in the sky that can be seen with the unaided eye only at night. An auroral display in the Northern Hemisphere is called the aurora borealis, or the northern lights; in the Southern Hemisphere it is called the aurora australis. Auroras are the most visible effect of the sun's activity on the earth's atmosphere. The beautiful and often eerie curtains of light in the night time sky have been observed by people for millennia. An aurora...

2004-10-19 04:45:41

Van Allen Radiation Belt -- The Van Allen radiation belt is a torus of energetic charged particles around Earth, trapped by Earth's magnetic field. The presence of a radiation belt had been theorized prior to the Space Age and the belt's presence was confirmed by the Explorer I on January 31, 1958 and Explorer III missions, under Doctor James Van Allen. The trapped radiation was first mapped out by Explorer IV and Pioneer III. Qualitatively, it is useful to view this belt as consisting...

2004-10-19 04:45:41

Solar Wind -- Solar wind, a stream of particles (mostly high-energy protons ~ 500 Kev) that is continually ejected from the surface of the Sun. The composition of this plasma is identical to the Sun's corona, 73% hydrogen and 25% helium with the remainder as trace impurities, and is ionized. Near Earth, the velocity of the solar wind varies from 200km/s-889km/s. The average is 450 km/s. Approximately 3000 tons of material is lost from the Sun every hour as solar wind. Since solar...

More Articles (6 articles) »