Quantcast
Last updated on April 20, 2014 at 8:28 EDT

Latest Jets Stories

Cluster Examines Thin Current Sheets In The Magnetosphere
2012-08-02 05:08:15

April Flowers for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online The Universe is filled with plasma, a charged gas consisting of ions and electrons. Thin sheets, or boundaries, with currents separate large plasma regions. These boundaries are where most of the exciting action in space happens. Scientists at the Swedish Institute of Space Physics (IRF) have measured the fundamental properties of one of the waves mixing and accelerating plasmas within these sheets. These thin current sheets are...

Waves In The Magnetosphere's Thin Boundaries Looked At By Cluster
2012-08-01 16:08:16

Exploiting a favorable configuration of ESA's Cluster mission spacecraft, scientists have detected and characterized lower hybrid drift waves, a special kind of plasma waves that develop in thin boundaries both in space and in the laboratory. The measurement of fundamental properties of these waves was possible when two of the spacecraft were flying very close to one another in the tail of Earth's magnetosphere. With wavelengths of about 60 km, these waves appear to play an important role in...

Solar Winds Affect Earth's Magnetosphere
2012-08-01 13:04:29

April Flowers for redOrbit.com — Your Universe Online Weather has always affected our lives, but we are increasingly reliant on technology that can be disrupted by space weather. Geomagnetic storms, which are major disturbances of the magnetosphere, cause high altitude flights to be rerouted, costing many thousands of dollars per flight; cause GPS errors of up to 151 feet; and affect the International Space Station and satellites. Geomagnetic storms and other space weather...

Geotail Mission Celebrates 20th Anniversary
2012-07-28 08:59:52

Lee Rannals for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Twenty years ago, the United States relationship with Japan showed just how restored it was since the second world war, as the two countries' space agencies launched a joint mission together. The Geotail mission launched into space aboard a Delta II launch vehicle 20 years ago from this week, kick-starting a set of coordinated missions known as the International Solar Terrestrial Physics (ISTP) project. ISTP studied the magnetic...

New Research Better Understands Lunar Swirls
2012-07-19 13:42:14

Lee Rannals for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online A study of "lunar swirls" on the moon may eventually lead to new developments in engineering to help protect astronauts in space. During the Apollo missions, scientists realized that lunar swirls were associated with localized magnetic fields in the lunar crust. NASA's Lunar Prospector focused on the regions and identified magnetic anomalies that had created fully formed miniature "magnetospheres" similar to what the Earth's...

2012-06-14 10:31:05

Engineers and scientists at the Lockheed Martin [NYSE: LMT] Space Systems Advanced Technology Center (ATC) have completed delivery of key hardware subsystems for NASA´s Magnetosphereic Multiscale mission (MMS). The delivery comprised four flight subsystems and one flight spare unit. The prime contractor Southwest Research Institute (SWRI) partnered with Lockheed Martin to develop and build the Hot Plasma Composition Analyzer (HPCA) as part of the MMS instrument suite. When it launches...

2012-06-13 06:20:41

PALO ALTO, Calif., June 13, 2012 /PRNewswire/ -- Engineers and scientists at the Lockheed Martin [NYSE: LMT] Space Systems Advanced Technology Center (ATC) have completed delivery of key hardware subsystems for NASA's Magnetospheric Multiscale mission (MMS). The delivery comprised four flight subsystems and one flight spare unit. The prime contractor Southwest Research Institute (SWRI) partnered with Lockheed Martin to develop and build the Hot Plasma Composition Analyzer (HPCA) as...

ESA Finds High-Energy Particles Charged In Polar Cusps
2012-06-08 04:46:56

Data gathered by several European Space Agency (ESA) spacecraft suggests that high-energy particles which fill cavities within the Earth's magnetic field are accelerated locally within the cusps themselves as they cross through areas characterized by different electric potential, the organization announced earlier this week. In a Tuesday announcement, the ESA said that the information, which was gathered during the Cluster mission in February 2003, shows that the particles are accelerated...

shutterstock_90296737
2012-06-07 19:11:03

Lee Rannals for redOrbit.com New research published in the journal Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society indicates that black holes are able to change gears, similar to an engine. Black holes are able to swallow up matter, and return a lot of energy to the Universe in exchange for the mass they eat. When a black hole attracts mass, they trigger the release of intense X-ray radiation and power strong jets.  However, scientists have been baffled because not all black...

IDL TIFF fil
2012-06-02 11:16:58

With the moon as the most prominent object in the night sky and a major source of an invisible pull that creates ocean tides, many ancient cultures thought it could also affect our health or state of mind — the word "lunacy" has its origin in this belief. Now, a powerful combination of spacecraft and computer simulations is revealing that the moon does indeed have a far-reaching, invisible influence — not on us, but on the Sun, or more specifically, the solar wind. The solar...


Latest Jets Reference Libraries

Ring Current
2004-10-19 04:45:44

Ring Current -- A ring current is an electric current carried by charged particles trapped in a planet's magnetosphere. It is caused by the longitudinal drift of energetic (10-200 keV) particles. Earth's Ring Current Earth's ring current is responsible for geomagnetic storms. The ring current system consists of a band, at a distance of 3-5 RE(1), which lies in the equatorial plane and circulates clockwise around the Earth (when viewed from the north). The particles of this region...

6_c74ddf89e1e986e7de2e5e2451d6b60b2
2004-10-19 04:45:41

Microquasar -- Microquasars are smaller cousins of quasars. They are named after quasars, as they have some common characteristics: strong and variable radio emission often seen as radio jets, and an accretion disk surrounding a black hole. In quasars, the black hole is supermassive (millions of solar masses) as in microquasars, the black hole mass is a few solar masses. In microquasars, the accreted mass comes from a normal star and the accretion disk is very luminous in optical regions...

6_7a298dad9db3084ba8f1dbe9ba6be2442
2004-10-19 04:45:41

Aurora -- The Polar Aurora are natural displays of light in the sky that can be seen with the unaided eye only at night. An auroral display in the Northern Hemisphere is called the aurora borealis, or the northern lights; in the Southern Hemisphere it is called the aurora australis. Auroras are the most visible effect of the sun's activity on the earth's atmosphere. The beautiful and often eerie curtains of light in the night time sky have been observed by people for millennia. An aurora...

4_58d180de6d0f28286cf3bc85a49cb91c2
2004-10-19 04:45:41

Van Allen Radiation Belt -- The Van Allen radiation belt is a torus of energetic charged particles around Earth, trapped by Earth's magnetic field. The presence of a radiation belt had been theorized prior to the Space Age and the belt's presence was confirmed by the Explorer I on January 31, 1958 and Explorer III missions, under Doctor James Van Allen. The trapped radiation was first mapped out by Explorer IV and Pioneer III. Qualitatively, it is useful to view this belt as consisting...

4_d3a853c28ff70a676427cf8e42fced4f2
2004-10-19 04:45:41

Solar Wind -- Solar wind, a stream of particles (mostly high-energy protons ~ 500 Kev) that is continually ejected from the surface of the Sun. The composition of this plasma is identical to the Sun's corona, 73% hydrogen and 25% helium with the remainder as trace impurities, and is ionized. Near Earth, the velocity of the solar wind varies from 200km/s-889km/s. The average is 450 km/s. Approximately 3000 tons of material is lost from the Sun every hour as solar wind. Since solar...

More Articles (6 articles) »