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Latest Joint Quantum Institute Stories

2011-12-09 11:47:27

'Dressing' atoms with laser light allows high angular momentum scattering to be seen for the first time in long-lived atomic Bose-Einstein condensates at ultracold temperatures Scientists at the Joint Quantum Institute (JQI) have for the first time engineered and detected the presence of high angular momentum collisions between atoms at temperatures close to absolute zero. Previous experiments with ultracold atoms featured essentially head-on collisions. The JQI experiment, by contrast, is...

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2011-08-22 20:15:49

Surprisingly, transmitting information-rich photons thousands of miles through fiber-optic cable is far easier than reliably sending them just a few nanometers through a computer circuit. However, it may soon be possible to steer these particles of light accurately through microchips because of research performed at the Joint Quantum Institute of the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) and the University of Maryland, together with Harvard University. The scientists behind...

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2011-08-11 05:45:00

Physicists at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) have discovered that the quantum properties of ions can be manipulated using microwaves, instead of lasers. Using microwaves enables the experiments to be made with a system that is one-tenth the size of conventional laser based systems. Compared to the laser sources, microwave components could be expanded to build practical quantum computing systems using thousands of ions for quantum computing and simulations....

2011-01-21 08:35:02

Tokyo, Jan 21, 2011 - (JCN Newswire) - Professor Kohei Itoh, who is developing quantum computers based on silicon semiconductors at Keio University's Faculty of Science and Technology, together with Dr. John Morton at Oxford University and others, has successfully generated and detected quantum entanglement between electron spin and nuclear spin in phosphorus impurities added to silicon. This is the world's first successful generation and detection of entanglement, which is essential for...

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2010-06-03 07:54:10

For most people, frustration is a condition to be avoided. But for scientists studying certain "frustrated" ensembles of interacting components "“ that is, those which cannot settle into a state that minimizes each interaction "“ it may be the key to understanding a host of puzzling phenomena that affect systems from neural networks and social structures to protein folding and magnetism. Frustration has typically been extremely difficult to study because even systems with...

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2010-01-27 09:19:41

Researchers at the Joint Quantum Institute (JQI), a collaboration of the National Institute of Standards and Technology and the University of Maryland at College Park, can speed up photons (particles of light) to seemingly faster-than-light speeds through a stack of materials by adding a single, strategically placed layer. This experimental demonstration confirms intriguing quantum-physics predictions that light's transit time through complex multilayered materials need not depend on...

2009-12-02 18:51:36

Achieving an important new capability in ultracold atomic gases, researchers at the Joint Quantum Institute, a collaboration of the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) and the University of Maryland, have created "synthetic" magnetic fields for ultracold gas atoms, in effect "tricking" neutral atoms into acting as if they are electrically charged particles subjected to a real magnetic field. The demonstration, described in the latest issue of the journal Nature, not only...

2009-09-23 07:48:08

Diamonds, it has long been said, are a girl's best friend. But a research team including a physicist from the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) has recently found* that the gems might turn out to be a patient's best friend as well. The team's work has the long-term goal of developing quantum computers, but it has borne fruit that may have more immediate application in medical science. Their finding that a candidate "quantum bit" has great sensitivity to magnetic fields...

2009-05-18 09:09:42

Scientists have devised a new technique for real-time detection of freely moving individual neutral atoms that is more than 99.7% accurate and sensitive enough to discern the arrival of a single atom in less than one-millionth of a second, about 20 times faster than the best previous methods. The system, described in Advance Online Publication at the Nature Physics web site by researchers at the Joint Quantum Institute (JQI) in College Park, MD, and the Universidad de Concepci³n in...

2009-03-26 09:54:13

If physicists lived in Flatland"”the fictional two-dimensional world invented by Edwin Abbott in his 1884 novel"”some of their quantum physics experiments would turn out differently (not just thinner) than those in our world. The distinction has taken another step from speculative fiction to real-world puzzle with a paper* from the Joint Quantum Institute (JQI) reporting on a Flatland arrangement of ultracold gas atoms. The new results, which don't quite jibe with earlier Flatland...