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Last updated on April 16, 2014 at 1:21 EDT

Lava Reference Libraries

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Huallai
2014-04-10 12:06:55

Hualālai is a dormant shield volcano that is located on the island of Hawaii and is one of five volcanoes that form the island. It reaches an elevation of 8,271 feet and is thought to have emerged from the sea about 300,000 years ago, making it the third youngest volcano on the island. Its shape is rough compared to younger volcanoes and it holds three rift zones that are covered with over one...

Kohala
2014-04-10 10:03:58

Kohala is an extinct shield volcano that is located on the island of Hawaii and reaches an elevation of 5,480 feet. It is one of five volcanoes that comprise the island of Hawaii and is thought to be about one million years old, although it only emerged from the sea about 500,000 years ago. Because its last eruption is thought to have occurred about 120,000 years ago, based on studies conducted...

Eldfell
2014-04-08 12:54:37

Eldfell is an active stratovolcano that is located in Iceland on the island of Heimaey, in the Vestmannaeyjar archipelago. It reaches an elevation of 656 feet and was created during a volcanic eruption on the east side of the island in 1973. Its name means Mountain of Fire in the Icelandic language. Iceland is an area with a high frequency of volcanic activity because it is located on top of...

Volcanology
2014-01-12 00:00:00

Volcanology is the study of volcanoes, magma, lava, and related geological, geochemical, and geophysical phenomena. The term volcanology comes from the Latin word Vulcan. Vulcan is the ancient Roman god of fire. A volcanologist is a person who studies the creation of volcanoes, and their current and historic eruptions. Volcanologists frequently visit volcanoes, particularly active ones, to...

Rhyolite
2005-05-25 18:45:14

Rhyolite is an igneous, volcanic (extrusive) rock, of felsic composition, with aphanitic to porphyritic texture. Mineral assembly is usually quartz, alkali feldspar and plagioclase (in a ratio > 1:2). Biotite and pyroxene are common accessory minerals. Rhyolite can be considered as the extrusive equivalent to the plutonic granite rock. Due to their high content of silica, rhyolite form...