Latest Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory Stories

New Access To Abundant Biomass For Advanced Biofuels
2012-11-13 12:47:24

Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory After cellulose, xylan is the most abundant biomass material on Earth, and therefore represents an enormous potential source of stored solar energy for the production of advance biofuels. A major roadblock, however, has been extracting xylan from plant cell walls. Researchers with the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)´s Joint BioEnergy Institute (JBEI) have taken a significant step towards removing this roadblock by identifying a gene in rice plants...

Promising Therapy For Huntington’s Disease Developed
2012-11-01 15:43:50

Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory Initial results in mice could lead to new way to fight neurodegenerative diseases There´s new hope in the fight against Huntington´s disease. A group of researchers that includes scientists from the U.S. Department of Energy´s Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab) have designed a compound that suppresses symptoms of the devastating disease in mice. The compound is a synthetic antioxidant that targets mitochondria, an...

Best Of Both Catalytic Worlds
2012-10-10 15:14:32

Berkeley Lab Researchers Develop New Technique for Heterogenizing Homogenous Nano Catalysts Catalysts are substances that speed up the rates of chemical reactions without themselves being chemically changed. Industrial catalysts come in two main types — heterogeneous, in which the catalyst is in a different phase from the reactants; and homogeneous, in which catalyst and the reactants are in the same phase. Heterogeneous catalysts are valued for their sustainability because they can...

Molecular Bond Issue Forced
2012-09-06 09:18:06

New and Improved Model of Molecular Bonding from Researchers at Berkeley Lab´s Molecular Foundry Material properties and interactions are largely determined by the binding and unbinding of their constituent molecules, but the standard model used to interpret data on the formation and rupturing of molecular bonds suffers from inconsistencies. A collaboration of researchers led by a scientist at the U.S Department of Energy (DOE)´s Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley...

Search for Better Carbon Capture Speeding Up
2012-08-21 09:03:23

Berkeley Lab Researchers Help Develop a Computer Model That Identifies the Best Molecular Candidates A computer model that can identify the best molecular candidates for removing carbon dioxide, molecular nitrogen and other greenhouse gases from power plant flues has been developed by researchers with the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)´s Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab), the University of California (UC) Berkeley and the University of Minnesota. The model is the...

Getting Good Vibes
2012-08-16 08:35:30

Berkeley Lab and UC Berkeley researchers record first direct observations of quantum effects in an optomechanical system A long-time staple of science fiction is the tractor beam, a technology in which light is used to move massive objects — recall the tractor beam in the movie Star Wars that captured the Millennium Falcon and pulled it into the Death Star. While tractor beams of this sort remain science fiction, beams of light today are being used to mechanically manipulate atoms or...

New Experience In Nanodisk Magnetic Vortices
2012-08-08 13:06:06

Berkeley Lab Researchers Take a Mesocale Look at Magnetic Vortex Formations The phenomenon in ferromagnetic nanodisks of magnetic vortices — hurricanes of magnetism only a few atoms across — has generated intense interest in the high-tech community because of the potential application of these vortices in non-volatile Random Access Memory (RAM) data storage systems. New findings from scientists at the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)´s Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory...

Looking Directly At Graphene
2012-08-02 10:54:18

Direct Imaging by Berkeley Lab Researchers Confirms the Importance of Electron-Electron Interactions in Graphene Perhaps no other material is generating as much excitement in the electronics world as graphene, sheets of pure carbon just one atom thick through which electrons can race at nearly the speed of light — 100 times faster than they move through silicon. Superthin, superstrong, superflexible and superfast as an electrical conductor, graphene has been touted as a potential...

Word of the Day
  • In music, a work for a keyboard-instrument, like the pianoforte or organ, originally intended to utilize and display varieties of touch: but the term has been extended so as to include many irregular works, similar to the prelude, the fantasia, and the improvisation.
This word is Italian in origin, coming from the feminine past participle of 'toccare,' to touch.