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Latest Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory Stories

Atmospheric Warming Intensifies Earth’s Water Cycle
2012-05-22 04:29:42

Australian scientists from the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory in California and the Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organization (CSIRO) report that in the last fifty years, salinity levels in the world´s oceans have shifted and that climate change is affecting global rainfall and evaporation cycles. According to the lead author of the study, Dr. Paul Durack, researchers looked at the correlations between salinity, rainfall, and evaporation in climate models...

2012-05-16 22:36:58

For the first time, scientists have seen an X-ray-irradiated mineral go to two different states of matter in about 40 femtoseconds (a femtosecond is one quadrillionth of a second). Using the Linac Coherent Light Source (LCLS) X-ray Free-Electron Laser (XFEL) at SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory at Stanford, Stefan Hau-Riege of Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory and colleagues heated graphite to induce a transition from solid to liquid and to warm-dense plasma. Ultrafast phase...

Climatologists Predict More Extreme Summer Temperatures in 21st Century
2012-02-16 14:32:07

A new report published by an American non-profit research center says that extreme summer temperatures are becoming increasingly commonplace in the United States, a trend that they project will continue throughout the 21st century. Climatologist Phil Duffy led a group of researchers at the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) in California in analyzing the results of various climate models examining the occurrence of extreme high temperatures in the summer months of June, July and...

High-Pressure Phase Changes Could Play Role In Exoplanet Formation
2012-02-12 05:37:38

Phase transitions in liquid magmas at the pressure and temperature levels that exist deep within Earth-like planets could play a role in the formation of new worlds, according to a new research put forth by experts at California's Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL). According to a Friday UPI article, the process is similar to the way that graphite, when placed in high-pressure conditions, can transform into diamonds. In much the same way, the LLNL researchers assert that molten...

Models Help Define Exoplanet Structure
2012-02-02 04:28:37

Using models similar to those used in weapons research, scientists may soon know more about exoplanets, those objects beyond the realm of our solar system. In a new study, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory scientists and collaborators came up with new methods for deriving and testing the equation of state (EOS) of matter in exoplanets and figured out the mass-radius and mass-pressure relations for materials relevant to planetary interiors. Astronomers started detecting exoplanets...

2012-01-26 13:18:34

Lab scientists and international collaborators have created the shortest, purest X-ray laser pulses ever achieved, fulfilling a 45-year-old prediction and ultimately opening the door to new medicines, devices and materials. The researchers, reporting today (Jan. 26) in Nature, aimed radiation from the Linac Coherent Light Source (LCLS), located at the Stanford Linear Accelerator Center (SLAC), at a cell containing neon gas, setting off an avalanche of X-ray emissions to create a new...

Image 1 - Power Generation Is Blowing In The Wind
2012-01-18 05:21:30

By looking at the stability of the atmosphere, wind farm operators could gain greater insight into the amount of power generated at any given time. Power generated by a wind turbine largely depends on the wind speed. In a wind farm in which the turbines experience the same wind speeds but different shapes, such as turbulence, to the wind profile, a turbine will produce different amounts of power. This variable power can be predicted by looking at atmospheric stability, according to...

Lawrence Livermore Ramps Up Wind Energy Research
2011-12-15 04:30:03

As the percentage of wind energy contributing to the power grid continues to increase, the variable nature of wind can make it difficult to keep the generation and the load balanced. But recent work by Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, in conjunction with AWS Truepower, may help this balance through a project that alerts control room operators of wind conditions and energy forecasts so they can make well-informed scheduling decisions. This is especially important during extreme...


Latest Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory Reference Libraries

6_da99fb8ccd6eba27f4bcf7590775bd272
2004-10-19 04:45:41

Massive Compact Halo Object (MACHO) -- Massive compact halo objects, or MACHOs, are a type of astronomical body proposed as one possible explanation for the presence of dark matter in galactic halos. A MACHO is a small chunk of normal baryonic matter, far smaller than a star, which drifts through interstellar space unassociated with any solar system. Since MACHOs would not emit any light of their own, they would be very hard to detect. Recent work has suggested that MACHOs are not...

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Word of the Day
toccata
  • In music, a work for a keyboard-instrument, like the pianoforte or organ, originally intended to utilize and display varieties of touch: but the term has been extended so as to include many irregular works, similar to the prelude, the fantasia, and the improvisation.
This word is Italian in origin, coming from the feminine past participle of 'toccare,' to touch.
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