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Latest Leprosy Stories

2012-01-30 08:16:29

UCLA findings point to new treatment pathways for infectious diseases A team of UCLA scientists has found that the pathogen that causes leprosy has a remarkable ability to avoid the human immune system by inhibiting the antimicrobial responses important to our defenses. In one of the first laboratory studies of its kind, researchers discovered that the leprosy pathogen Mycobacterium leprae was able to reduce and evade immune activity that is dependent on vitamin D, a natural hormone...

2011-04-28 15:13:00

ROCKVILLE, Md., April 28, 2011 /PRNewswire-USNewswire/ -- A new genetic study on leprosy bacteria reports that armadillos may be a source of infection in the Southern United States. The collaboration between scientists at the Health Resources and Services Administration's (HRSA) National Hansen's Disease Program (NHDP) in Baton Rouge, La., the Ecole Polytechnique Federale de Lausanne and Institute Pasteur in Europe, and the Instituto de Biomedicina in Venezuela sheds light on the...

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2011-04-28 10:40:00

Leprosy cases reported in the US only number around 150 per year and the majority of these cases can be attributed to travel to places such as Angola, Brazil and India. However, Scientists have identified a source for some of the unexplained cases that appear in the southern US - the nine-banded armadillo. DNA samples were taken from 33 wild armadillos in Arkansas, Alabama, Louisiana, Mississippi and Texas. Armadillos are one of the very few mammals that can carry the bacteria causing the...

2011-04-28 07:27:19

(Ivanhoe Newswire) -- A new study published in the New England Journal of Medicine reveals a new strain of leprosy has surfaced in the Southern United States. Leprosy is a chronic, mildly contagious disease of tropical and subtropical regions with a long and extensive history. Until the 20th century, infected people were ostracized from society or at best segregated and cared for in isolated leper colonies. Today, the disease is entirely curable through multidrug therapy, though tissue damage...

2011-04-19 14:29:26

New research in the FASEB Journal details the first evidence that breakdown products of thalidomide produce the specific, toxic effects of thalidomide in embryos Thalidomide may have been withdrawn in the early 1960s for use by pregnant women, but its dramatic effects remain memorable half a century later. Now, researchers have taken a major step toward understanding exactly how thalidomide causes the birth defects. This is important as thalidomide is still used to treat diseases like...

2011-02-24 00:00:44

Educational software company Imagine Learning is teaching English to children of the leprosy-affected in India through a partnership with Rising Star Outreach. English proficiency will provide these children with social and economic opportunities they would not otherwise have, such as the chance to be employed by a multinational company. Provo, UT (Vocus/PRWEB) February 23, 2011 Educational software company Imagine Learning is now teaching English to children of the leprosy-affected in...

2010-04-01 08:52:00

WASHINGTON, April 1 /PRNewswire-USNewswire/ -- Two years after the Food and Drug Administration Amendments Act of 2007 (FDAAA) gave FDA new powers to require Risk Evaluation and Mitigation Strategies (REMS) for higher risk drugs and biologics, a new report concludes that an optimal future for REMS is possible if the agency adopts a systems approach when designing REMS programs and takes advantage of new technologies -- from electronic medical records to genetic testing -- that are changing...

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2010-03-04 14:15:00

By going 'back to the drawing board,' 2 teams advance on answers to TB epidemic When people get exposed to the mycobacterium responsible for tuberculosis (TB), some will become sick with a disease that is a major cause of mortality around the world while others simply don't. Now, researchers reporting in the March 5th issue of the journal Cell, a Cell Press publication, can point to one important reason for this variation in susceptibility or resistance: genetic differences among individuals...

2009-12-17 13:08:31

Largest genome-wide association study of an infectious disease In the first genome-wide association study (GWAS) of leprosy and the largest GWAS on an infectious disease, scientists at the Genome Institute of Singapore (GIS) and 26 institutes in China identified seven genes that increase an individual's susceptibility to leprosy. The discovery of these genes, reported in the 16 Dec. 2009 New England Journal of Medicine, highlights the important role of the innate immune response in the...


Latest Leprosy Reference Libraries

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2011-04-25 15:36:41

Mycobacterium leprae, mostly found in warm tropical countries, is a bacterium that causes leprosy (Hansen's disease). It is an intracellular, pleomorphic, acid-fast bacterium. M. leprae is an aerobic rod-shaped surrounded by the characteristic waxy coating unique to mycobacteria tuberculosis. Due to its thick waxy coating, M. leprae stains with a carbol fuscin rather than with the traditional Gram stain. Gerhard Armauer Hansen first discovered it in 1873. It was the first bacterium to be...

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Word of the Day
lunula
  • A small crescent-shaped structure or marking, especially the white area at the base of a fingernail that resembles a half-moon.
This word is a diminutive of the Latin 'luna,' moon.
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