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Latest Leptons Stories

2013-07-19 11:53:07

GERDA sets new limits on extremely rare decay Neutrinos are the most elusive particles having extremely weak interactions with all other particles. They have rather unusual properties and are even expected to be identical with their own antiparticles. So far this property is, however, not experimentally verified even though many studies of neutrinos over the last 60 years have already boosted our understanding of elementary particle physics. Now scientists of the GERDA collaboration...

Antimatter Particles From Solar Flares
2013-07-10 08:32:20

John P. Millis, PhD for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online When the Universe was born, equal amounts of matter and anti-matter - matter with the same physical behavior as its matter counterparts, but with opposite charge - should have been created. However, the cosmos now appears to be dominated by normal matter. Usually, direct study of anti-matter requires costly particle-accelerator experiments, or in some cases space-based observatories. Now however, Gregory D. Fleishman from the...

Researchers Develop Quantum Teleportation Between Gas Atoms
2013-06-06 15:31:14

Brett Smith for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Researchers from the Niels Bohr Institute have announced the capacity to consistently teleport information between two clouds of gas atoms, according to a report in the journal Nature Physics. "It is a very important step for quantum information research to have achieved such stable results that every attempt will succeed," said co-author Eugene Polzik, professor at the Niels Bohr Institute at the University of Copenhagen. In their...

Extragalactic Ankle And Galactic Knee
2013-06-03 17:42:35

Karlsruhe Institute of Technology It is obvious from the data of the KASCADE-Grande experiment at the Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT) that the so-called “knee” of the cosmic rays, a bend in the energy spectrum at high energies, is located at different energies for light and heavy particles. As regards light particles, the scientists have now found that the energy spectrum flattens again beyond the knee and forms a type of “ankle”. This structure indicates...

First Direct Evidence Of How Antimatter Interacts With Gravity
2013-04-30 10:11:53

John P. Millis, Ph.D. for redOrbit.com — Your Universe Online All fundamental matter in the Universe — protons, electrons, etc. — has counterparts known as antimatter. In most ways, antimatter simply mirrors regular matter. For instance, the antimatter counterpart to the electron is the positron, a particle of the same mass of the electron, but possessing the opposite charge and opposite spin. When normal matter encounters its antimatter counterpart, the pair will...

Evidence That Dark Matter Is Real
2013-04-04 05:36:28

[ Watch the Video: AMS Time Lapse Installation ] John P. Millis, Ph.D. for redOrbit.com — Your Universe Online For decades scientists have wondered whether a mysterious form of matter — known simply as Dark Matter since it does not interact directly with light — makes up the majority of the “stuff” in the Universe. Researchers have pointed to the seminal work on the Bullet Cluster of galaxies as evidence that dark matter is a real substance. But similar...

New Technique Could Reveal High Detail Of Earth's Composition
2013-02-22 10:50:16

April Flowers for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online In a new study recently published in the journal Science, a research team from Amherst College and The University of Texas at Austin has described a new technique that might one day reveal the composition and characteristics of the deep Earth in never before seen detail. There's just a tiny little hitch in the new technique. It relies on a fifth force of nature that has not yet been detected. Current physics theories hold that there...

2013-01-28 14:49:13

For purposes of their research, the scientists irradiated two separate layered systems with ultrashort laser pulses on the order of just one hundred femtoseconds (10-15 s). One sample consisted essentially of a single thin layer of ferromagnetic nickel. By contrast, a second sample of this same nickel material was coated with a non-magnetic layer of gold. Only a mere 30 nanometers (10-9 m) thick, the gold layer swallowed up the lion's share of the laser light so that barely any light ended up...

2013-01-28 14:48:13

Charged particle accelerators have become crucially important to modern day life, be it in health care for cancer treatment or for answering important fundamental scientific questions like the existence of the HIGGS boson, the so called 'God particle'. In a simple picture, charged particles like electrons and protons are accelerated between two end plates across which an electrical voltage is applied. High energies need high voltages (millions and billions of volts) and long acceleration...

Proton May Have Lost Weight
2013-01-25 08:27:16

April Flowers for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online A new study, released this week in the journal Science, shows that even in the world of sub-atomic particles, size matters. An international group of scientists led by Aldo Antognini, a physicist at the Max Planck Institute for Quantum Optics, say the proton, a basic building block of all matter, appears to be smaller than previously thought. This finding, which confirms a similar result the team showed in 2010, may open new...


Latest Leptons Reference Libraries

4_ca2a430d92c0a654eab512344edfa0dd2
2004-10-19 04:45:41

Solar Radiation -- Solar radiation is radiant energy emitted by the sun due to nuclear fusion reactions. Fusion is the process whereby stars produce huge quantities of energy from the fusion of hydrogen or helium, in one of the most efficient processes of energy generation. The radiation referred to is usually electromagnetic energy, particularly infrared radiation, visible light, and ultraviolet. Some stars are known to emit radiation of other wavelengths. Solar neutrinos are a...

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Word of the Day
ramage
  • Boughs or branches.
  • Warbling of birds in trees.
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