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Chemical Processes Controlled With Ultra-short Laser Pulses
2012-12-12 16:29:32

Technische Universität Wien How can molecules be split in a controlled manner? A new experiment at the TU Vienna shows how research into ultra-short laser pulses can be combined with chemistry. Chemical reactions occur so quickly that it is completely impossible to observe their progress or to control them using conventional methods. However, new developments in electrical engineering and quantum technology enable us to achieve a more exact understanding and improved...

Electron Beams That Possess An Inner Rotation Created
2012-11-05 13:28:11

Vienna University of Technology Vortex beams, rotating like a tornado, offer completely new possibilities for electron microscopy. A method of producing extremely intense vortex beams has been discovered at the Vienna University of Technology (TU Vienna). Nowadays, electron microscopes are an essential tool, especially in the field of materials science. At TU Vienna, electron beams are being created that possess an inner rotation, similarly to a tornado. These "vortex beams" cannot only...

Measuring State Of The Art Beams In Table Top Accelerator
2012-10-25 09:00:23

Studies by Berkeley Lab scientists of electron beam quality in laser plasma accelerators include novel tests for slice-energy spread Part Two: Slicing through the electron beam Wim Leemans of Berkeley Lab´s Accelerator and Fusion Research Division heads LOASIS, the Laser and Optical Accelerator Systems Integrated Studies, an oasis indeed for students pursuing graduate studies in laser plasma acceleration (LPA). Among the most promising applications of future table-top accelerators...

Cosmic Rays Help Diagnose Nuclear Reactors
2012-10-18 13:50:41

Brett Smith for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online They may not be using alien technology, but physicists from Los Alamos National Laboratory are looking to outer space for help in diagnosing a damaged nuclear reactors like the one that caused massive evacuations around the Fukushima Daiichi plant in March 2011. According to their report in the journal Physical Letters, the research team from Los Alamos National Laboratory has found a way to use cosmic ray radiation to...

3D Electrons Viewed At High Speed
2012-09-18 13:57:25

Lee Rannals for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online A team of researchers at MIT are trying to unlock the mysteries of a promising material for future electronic devices. Scientists have managed to create three-dimensional "movies" of electron behavior in a topological insulator (TI), which were first discovered a few years ago. TIs are considered to hold great promise for new kinds of electronic devices, and having a better understanding of the unusual behavior within the material...

Neutrinos Can Alter Exploding Star Physics
2012-08-22 10:27:27

April Flowers for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Within the heart of exploding stars, sparse halos of neutrinos exert a previously unrecognized influence on the physics of the explosion and may alter which elements can be forged by these violent events. Neutrinos are one of the fundamental particles that make up the Universe. Although neutrinos are similar to the electron, they have one important difference; they carry no electrical charge. Being electrically neutral, they are not...

In Neutrino-less Double-beta Decay Search
2012-07-19 11:32:15

Pocar, Kumar and the team of 60 scientists using an instrument called the EXO-200 detector, succeeded in setting a new lower limit for the half-life of this ephemeral nuclear decay; though no one has yet seen it, important progress was made Physicists Andrea Pocar and Krishna Kumar of the University of Massachusetts Amherst, part of an international research team, recently reported results of an experiment conducted at the Enriched Xenon Observatory (EXO), located in a salt mine one-half...

2012-07-11 14:39:18

Scientists from the UK's National Physical Laboratory have developed a nano-device which could change the way we define electrical current A team of scientists at the National Physical Laboratory (NPL) and University of Cambridge has made a significant advance in using nano-devices to create accurate electrical currents. Electrical current is composed of billions and billions of tiny particles called electrons. NPL scientists have developed an electron pump — a nano-device —...

Stubborn Electron Problem Knocked Out With New Method
2012-07-04 10:57:15

A newly published article in Physical Review Letters eliminates one of the top unsolved theoretical problems in chemical physics as ranked by the National Research Council in 1995. Scientists now can more accurately predict the dynamic behavior of electrons in atoms and molecules in chemical reactions that govern a wide range of phenomena, including the fuel efficiency of combustion engines and the depletion of the atmospheric ozone. The paper by David Mazziotti, professor in chemistry at...


Latest Leptons Reference Libraries

4_ca2a430d92c0a654eab512344edfa0dd2
2004-10-19 04:45:41

Solar Radiation -- Solar radiation is radiant energy emitted by the sun due to nuclear fusion reactions. Fusion is the process whereby stars produce huge quantities of energy from the fusion of hydrogen or helium, in one of the most efficient processes of energy generation. The radiation referred to is usually electromagnetic energy, particularly infrared radiation, visible light, and ultraviolet. Some stars are known to emit radiation of other wavelengths. Solar neutrinos are a...

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Word of the Day
reremouse
  • A bat.
The word 'reremouse' comes from Middle English reremous, from Old English hrēremūs, hrērmūs ("bat"), equivalent to rear (“to move, shake, stir”) +‎ mouse.
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