Latest Leptons Stories

2010-07-15 10:23:04

On a quest to discover new states of matter, a team of Princeton University scientists has found that electrons on the surface of specific materials act like miniature superheroes, relentlessly dodging the cliff-like obstacles of imperfect microsurfaces, sometimes moving straight through barriers. The Princeton work represents the first time such behavior of electrons has been tracked and recorded, and hints at the possibilities of speeding up integrated circuits that process information by...

2010-07-13 08:26:09

An international team measures the charge radius of the hydrogen nucleus and stumbles across some mysteries of physics Big problems sometimes come in small packages. The problem with which physicists must now concern themselves measures a mere 0.0350 millionth of a millionth of a millimeter. This is precisely the difference between the new, smaller, dimension of the proton, the nucleus of the hydrogen atom, and the value which has been assumed so far. Instead of 0.8768 femtometers it measures...

2010-07-12 13:43:05

Neutrinos are likely half as massive as previous estimates suggested Physicists have long known that neutrinos are among the lightest and most evasive fundamental particles. Now a survey of the galaxies is helping to narrow down the neutrino mass even further. It seems that neutrinos are at best half as massive as previously estimated, according to an analysis appearing today in the journal Physical Review Letters. The lower neutrino mass estimate is the result of a 3-dimensional survey of...

2010-06-22 10:50:00

Scientists have made their most accurate measurement yet of the "ghost particles" known as neutrinos, according to a recent BBC report. Neutrinos are called ghost particles because they interact so weakly with other forms of matter. Previous experiments show that neutrinos have a mass, but it was so tiny it was unable to be measured. Researchers used data from the largest every survey of galaxies and put the mass of a neutrino at no greater than 0.28 electron volts. The scientists say...

2010-06-21 11:41:47

An international team including scientists from Princeton University has detected subatomic particles deep within the Earth's interior. The discovery could help geologists understand how reactions taking place in the planet's interior affect events on the surface such as earthquakes and volcanoes. Someday, scientists may know enough about the sources and flow of heat in the Earth to predict events like the recent volcanic eruption in Iceland. The finding, made by the Borexino Collaboration at...

2010-06-14 11:04:14

Scientists of the MINOS experiment at the Department of Energy's Fermi National Accelerator laboratory today (June 14) announced the world's most precise measurement to date of the parameters that govern antineutrino oscillations, the back-and-forth transformations of antineutrinos from one type to another. This result provides information about the difference in mass between different antineutrino types. The measurement showed an unexpected variance in the values for neutrinos and...

2010-06-11 07:18:39

Finding presents a powerful new tool for nanoscale science experiments Cornell University researchers recently stretched individual molecules and watched electrons flow through them, proving that single-molecule devices can be used as powerful new tools for nanoscale science experiments. The finding, reported in the June 11 issue of the journal Science, probes the effects of strong electron interactions that can be important when shrinking electronics to their ultimate small size...

2010-06-03 15:22:50

In the paper the authors from the Key Laboratory of Particle Astrophysics, Institute of High Energy Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences in Beijing proposed a new model trying to explain the knee at cosmic ray spectra. The knee kept as a puzzle in cosmic ray physics for nearly half a century. The work was inspired by the recent observation of anomalous excess of electrons and positrons in cosmic rays. The work tries to explain the knee and the electron/positron excess in a single model. The...

2010-06-03 07:46:09

Findings reveal characteristics of "hidden order" in unusual uranium compound and demonstrate new method for investigating long-standing physics problems Using a microscope designed to image the arrangement and interactions of electrons in crystals, scientists have captured the first images of electrons that appear to take on extraordinary mass under certain extreme conditions. The technique reveals the origin of an unusual electronic phase transition in one particular material, and opens the...

2010-06-01 11:52:27

On Monday, scientists in Europe said they have solved the case of the missing neutrinos, one of the enduring mysteries in the subatomic universe of particle physics. The researchers said the findings challenge core precepts of the so-called Standard Model of physics, and could have major implications for our understanding of matter in the universe. Neutrinos are electrically neutral particles that travel close to the speed of light. Physicists had observed for years that fewer neutrinos...

Latest Leptons Reference Libraries

2004-10-19 04:45:41

Solar Radiation -- Solar radiation is radiant energy emitted by the sun due to nuclear fusion reactions. Fusion is the process whereby stars produce huge quantities of energy from the fusion of hydrogen or helium, in one of the most efficient processes of energy generation. The radiation referred to is usually electromagnetic energy, particularly infrared radiation, visible light, and ultraviolet. Some stars are known to emit radiation of other wavelengths. Solar neutrinos are a...

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Word of the Day
  • The call or cry of a bird or other animal to its mate or its young.
'Call-note' is newer than 'bird-call,' which originally referred to 'an instrument for imitating the note of birds' but now also refers to 'the song or cry of a bird.'