Latest Lignin Stories

Study Uses Neutron Scattering, Supercomputing To Demystify Forces At Play In Biofuel Production
2013-11-13 16:18:06

Oak Ridge National Laboratory Researchers studying more effective ways to convert woody plant matter into biofuels at the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory have identified fundamental forces that change plant structures during pretreatment processes used in the production of bioenergy. The research team, which published its results in Green Chemistry, set out to decipher the inner workings of plant cell walls during pretreatment, the most expensive stage of biofuel...

Lignin-Feasting Microbe Could Be Used For Biofuels
2013-11-13 16:08:10

Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory Nature designed lignin, the tough woody polymer in the walls of plant cells, to bind and protect the cellulose sugars that plants use for energy. For this reason, lignin is a major challenge for those who would extract those same plant sugars and use them to make advanced biofuels. As part of their search for economic ways to overcome the lignin challenge, researchers at the Joint BioEnergy Institute (JBEI) have characterized the enzymatic activity of...

Amazon River Found To Be A Metabolic Hotspot
2013-05-21 07:12:37

April Flowers for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online The Amazon rainforest is known as the lungs of the planet because it inhales carbon dioxide and exudes oxygen into the atmosphere. The plants of the forest use the carbon dioxide to promote leafy growth, which eventually falls to the ground and decomposes or washes away from the region´s plentiful rainfall. Until recently, the belief was that most of the rainforest´s carbon floated away on the Amazon River, ending up deep...

2013-04-12 10:18:45

Stepping into unexplored territory in efforts to use corn stalks, grass and other non-food plants to make biofuels, scientists today described the discovery of a potential treasure-trove of candidate enzymes in fungi thriving in the feces and intestinal tracts of horses. They reported on these enzymes – the key to economical production of biofuels from non-food plant material – at the 245th National Meeting & Exposition of the American Chemical Society (ACS). More than...

2013-04-01 10:26:09

When blessed with a resource in overwhelming abundance it´s generally a good idea to make valuable use of that resource. Lignocellulosic biomass is the most abundant organic material on Earth. For thousands of years it has been used as animal feed, and for the past two centuries has been a staple of the paper industry. This abundant resource, however, could also supply the sugars needed to produce advanced biofuels that can supplement or replace fossil fuels, providing several key...

High-Throughput Analytical Pyrolysis Tool Is Faster And More Precise
2013-03-05 13:43:19

National Renewable Energy Laboratory A screening tool from the U.S. Department of Energy's National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) eases and greatly quickens one of the thorniest tasks in the biofuels industry: determining cell wall chemistry to find plants with ideal genes. NREL's new High-Throughput Analytical Pyrolysis tool (HTAP) can thoroughly analyze hundreds of biomass samples a day and give an early look at the genotypes that are most worth pursuing. Analysis of a sample...

2013-02-15 15:19:12

Digesting lignin, a highly stable polymer that accounts for up to a third of biomass, is a limiting step to producing a variety of biofuels. Researchers at Brown have figured out the microscopic chemical switch that allows Streptomyces bacteria to get to work, breaking lignin down into its constituent parts. Microorganisms that can break down plant biomass into the precursors of biodiesel or other commodity chemicals might one day be used to produce alternatives to petroleum. But the...

Word of the Day
  • Bad luck; misfortune.
  • The smallest amount possible or the most worthless thing.
The word 'ambsace' comes from a Latin word meaning 'both'.