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Latest Lignin Stories

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2011-07-06 14:02:55

One of the peskiest household pests, while disastrous to homes, could prove to be a boon for cars, according to a Purdue University study. Mike Scharf, the O. Wayne Rollins/Orkin Chair in Molecular Physiology and Urban Entomology, said his laboratory has discovered a cocktail of enzymes from the guts of termites that may be better at getting around the barriers that inhibit fuel production from woody biomass. The Scharf Laboratory found that enzymes in termite guts are instrumental in the...

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2011-06-17 08:01:24

A first of its kind combination of experiment and simulation at the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory is providing a close-up look at the molecule that complicates next-generation biofuels. Lignin, a major component of plant cell walls, aggregates to form clumps, which cause problems during the production of cellulosic ethanol. The exact shape and structure of the aggregates, however, have remained largely unknown. A team led by ORNL's Jeremy Smith revealed the surface...

2011-06-09 14:19:26

Researchers funded by the Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council (BBSRC)-led Integrated Biorefining Research and Technology (IBTI) Club have identified an enzyme in bacteria which could be used to make biofuel production more efficient. The research is published in the 14 June issue of the American Chemical Society journal Biochemistry. This research, carried out by teams at the Universities of Warwick and British Columbia, could make sustainable sources of biofuels, such as...

2011-05-10 15:16:00

THUNDER BAY, On, May 10 /PRNewswire/ - FPInnovations in partnership with the Centre for Research and Innovation in the Bio Economy (CRIBE), Natural Resources Canada (NRCAN) and AbitibiBowater is now producing its first batches of operational lignin for Canadian researchers. Lignin is a residual substance from the pulping process which is a key component for the developing commercially viable fossil fuel alternatives. These partners will develop a world-class black liquor and lignin...

2011-05-09 12:53:52

It's not quite Christmas, but the DNA sequence of a small plant that resembles the seasonal conifers is providing biofuels researchers with information that could influence the development of candidate biofuel feedstock plants and offering botanists long-awaited insights into plant evolution. "When you burn coal, you're burning Selaginella's ancestors," said Purdue University botanist Jody Banks, who originally proposed that the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Joint Genome Institute (JGI)...

2011-02-25 23:01:35

Rice University researchers find feeding crops too heavily bad for biofuel, environment Rice University scientists and their colleagues have found that when growing corn crops for ethanol, more means less. A new paper in today's online edition of the American Chemical Society's journal Environmental Science and Technology shows how farmers can save money on fertilizer while they improve their production of feedstock for ethanol and alleviate damage to the environment. The research has...

2011-02-01 07:35:00

SEATTLE, Feb. 1, 2011 /PRNewswire/ -- Last week farmers and academics met to discuss innovations and technology in the non-wood paper industry at a meeting held at University of Washington, College of Forest Resources. Dr. William McKean, Professor of Paper Science and Engineering, has developed a process to manufacture paper made from straw pulps of various derivations. Using the New Logic Research Vibratory Shear Enhanced Process (VSEP) technology, Dr. McKean's integrated system is...

2010-12-29 13:20:00

ARDMORE, Okla., Dec. 29, 2010 /PRNewswire-USNewswire/ -- Scientists at The Samuel Roberts Noble Foundation have uncovered a gene responsible for controlling key growth characteristics in plants, specifically the density of plant material. (Photo: http://photos.prnewswire.com/prnh/20101229/DC22722) Denser plants have more biomass without increasing the agricultural footprint, meaning farmers and ranchers can produce more plant material from the same sized field. Plants that have...

2010-12-14 01:06:47

Understanding how lignin building blocks are transported could break down barriers to biofuel production One big challenge in converting plants to biofuels is that the very same molecules that keep plants standing up make it hard to break them down. Now scientists at the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Brookhaven National Laboratory are unraveling details of how plant cells' structural supports - their cell walls - are made, with the hope of finding ways to change their composition for more...

2010-11-22 21:14:06

Purdue University scientists have found the last undiscovered gene responsible for the production of the amino acid phenylalanine, a discovery that could lead to processes to control the amino acid to boost plants' nutritional values and produce better biofuel feedstocks. Natalia Dudareva, a distinguished professor of horticulture, and Hiroshi Maeda, a postdoctoral researcher in Dudareva's laboratory, determined that the gene is one of 10 responsible for phenylalanine production in plants....