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Latest Limestone Stories

Botanist Discovers Cave Dwelling Nettle In China
2012-12-31 08:22:04

Pensoft Publishers South West China, Myanmar and Northern Vietnam contain one of the oldest exposed outcrops of limestone in the world. Within this area are thousands of caves and gorges. It is only recently that botanists have sought to explore the caves for plants. This exploration is yielding many new species new to science, that are known only from these habitats. The current study was published in the open access journal PhytoKeys. Kew botanist and nettle expert Alex Monro says,...

2012-12-28 15:09:18

South West China, Myanmar and Northern Vietnam contain one of the oldest exposed outcrops of limestone in the world. Within this area are thousands of caves and gorges. It is only recently that botanists have sought to explore the caves for plants. This exploration is yielding many new species new to science, that are known only from these habitats. The current study was published in the open access journal PhytoKeys. Kew botanist and nettle expert Alex Monro says, "When my Chinese...

Bacteria Plays Role In Formation Of Dolomite
2012-06-08 05:37:32

While scientists remain uncertain exactly how the mineral dolomite is formed, an international team of researchers say that they have discovered that the process can be facilitated by bacteria. According to a recent press release jointly issued Monday by the Cluster of Excellence "The Future Ocean" and GEOMAR | Helmholtz Centre for Ocean Research Kiel, the mineral is primarily formed in extreme ecosystems like lakes and lagoons with high salinity. The exact process behind dolomite's...

2012-04-15 23:01:13

After a rocky couple of years, the Rock, Limestone and Clay Mining industry is expected to grow strongly in 2011-12. The industry´s performance is influenced by the level of construction activity in Australia. The large rise in industry revenue will reflect the expected pick up in construction activity and growing demand for rock of various types. Non-dwelling construction is expanding particularly strongly, supporting demand. For these reasons, industry research firm IBISWorld has...

2012-03-21 15:35:12

The first day of spring brought record high temperatures across the northern part of the United States, while much of the Southwest was digging out from a record-breaking spring snowstorm. The weather, it seems, has gone topsy-turvy. Are the phenomena related? Are climate changes in one part of the world felt half a world away? To understand the present, scientists look for ways to unlock information about past climate hidden in the fossil record. A team of scientists led by Syracuse...

Structure Of Tough Sea Urchin Spines May Inspire Engineers
2012-02-16 14:10:27

A team of German scientists recently decoded the molecular structure of the unusually sturdy spines of sea urchins, a discovery that they believe could eventually prove useful in helping engineers construct stronger, more stable buildings. Biologists have long known that the spines of the globular little marine animals are made of the compound calcium carbonate, a chemical commonly found in the shells of various invertebrates, not to mention egg shells, calcium supplements and the antacids...


Latest Limestone Reference Libraries

Carlsbad Caverns National Park
2013-04-17 15:30:34

Carlsbad Caverns National Park is located in southeastern New Mexico in the United States. The park holds 46,766 acres of land, of which 2/3 is a designated wilderness, and is thought to have been discovered by Jim White, who entered the Carlsbad Caverns and named many of the areas within the caverns, including Queens Chamber, New Mexico Room, Green Lake Room, Giant Dome, Witch's Finger, and Bottomless Pit. President Calvin Coolidge established the area as a national monument in 1923, but it...

28_3f12abda63415a07ee5b6c5d30ef8239
2005-05-26 12:17:18

Aragonite is a polymorph of the mineral calcite, both having the chemical composition CaCO3. Its structure differs from calcite and leads to a different crystal shape, an orthorhombic system with acicular crystals. By repeated twinning pseudo-hexagonal forms result. It may be columnar or fibrous, occasionally in branching stalactitic forms called flos-ferri (flowers of iron) from their association with the ores at the Carthinian iron mines. The type location for aragonite is Molina de...

28_9c404ab9a4754b403781670c9e631915
2005-05-26 11:59:32

he mineral calcite is a calcium carbonate corresponding to the formula CaCO3 and is one of the most widely distributed minerals on the Earth's surface. It is a common constituent of sedimentary rocks, limestone in particular. It is also the primary mineral in metamorphic marble. It also occurs as a vein mineral in deposits from hot springs, and also occurs in caverns as stalactites and stalagmites. Calcite is often the primary constituent of the shells of marine organisms (e.g. plankton,...

28_a3b402afde54eeee86bc53e0e9a360b3
2005-05-26 11:01:09

Dolomite is a mineral (formula CaMg(CO3)2) consisting of a calcium magnesium carbonate found in crystals and in beds as dolostone. A pure form of dolostone would be rare, however; it usually intergrades with limestone and is referred to as dolomitic limestone, or in old U. S. geologic literature as magnesian limestone. Dolomite has physical properties similar to those of the mineral calcite, but is less soluble in hydrochloric acid. There is uncertainty as to the cause of its formation,...

28_af149e6f4821ab4ec3c213f12d27e305
2005-05-26 09:38:30

Limestone is a sedimentary rock composed of the mineral calcite (calcium carbonate). The primary source of this calcite is usually marine organisms. These organisms secrete shells that settle out of the water column and are deposited on ocean floors as pelagic ooze (see lysocline for information on calcite dissolution). Secondary calcite may also be deposited by supersaturated meteoric waters (groundwater that precipitates the material in caves). This produces speleothems such as stalagmites...

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Word of the Day
glogg
  • Scandinavian punch made of claret and aquavit with spices and raisins and orange peel and sugar.
This word comes from the Swedish 'glogg,' which is an alteration of 'glodgat,' mulled (wine).
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