Latest Lithics Stories
Two and a half million years ago, our first ancestors, roaming the African savanna, formed rock shards into tools and used them to cut apart gazelle, zebra and other game. And these, scientists believe, turned out be a major evolutionary force and gave an evolutionary edge to human communication.
A team of researchers, led by the University of Alaska Fairbanks, has discovered a pair of Ice Age infants. The children were buried more than 11,000 years ago in Alaska.
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A cache of new artifacts discovered a 325,000-year-old site in Armenia reveals that Stone Age tools were not strictly an African invention that spread due to population expansion, but occurred independently and intermittently at various locations throughout the Old World.
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Gomphotheres, genetic relatives of the elephant, were thought to have roamed North America and gone extinct long before humans reach the continent. But, according to a new study, researchers have uncovered evidence that North America’s earliest humans may have preyed on the ancient mammals.
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An archaeologist at the University of Sheffield has found evidence that, contrary to a widely held theory, ancient Syrians made their stone tools locally instead of importing finished tools from Turkey.
Obsidian is a naturally occurring volcanic glass with a smooth, hard surface. Obsidian is far sharper than a surgical scalpel when fractured, making it a highly desirable raw material for crafting stone tools for almost all of human history.
Chert is a fine-grained silica-rich cryptocrystalline sedimentary rock that may contain small fossils. It varies greatly in color from white to black, but most often manifests as gray, brown, grayish brown and light green to rusty red; its color is an expression of trace elements present in the rock, and both red and green are most often related to traces of iron (in its oxidized and reduced forms respectively). It outcrops as nodules in limestone, chalk, and dolostone formations as a...
Quartz is the second most abundant mineral in the Earth's crust. It has a hexagonal crystal structure made of trigonal crystallized silica (silicon dioxide, SiO2), with a hardness of 7 on the Mohs scale. Density is 2.6 g/cmÂ³. The typical shape is a six-sided prism that ends in six-sided pyramids, although these are often distorted, or so massive that only part of the shape is apparent from a mined specimen. Additionally a bed is a common form, particularly for varieties such as amethyst,...
- Monstrous in size or character; huge; prodigious; monstrously perverse, savage, cruel, etc.