Latest Lithosphere Stories

2010-08-26 07:57:40

New seismic technique detects boundary between old and new lithosphere The North American continent is not one thick, rigid slab, but a layer cake of ancient, 3 billion-year-old rock on top of much newer material probably less than 1 billion years old, according to a new study by seismologists at the University of California, Berkeley. The finding, which is reported in the Aug. 26 issue of Nature, explains inconsistencies arising from new seismic techniques being used to explore the interior...

2010-07-15 02:57:06

UH geologist says future searchers should focus on particular areas While prospectors and geologists have been successful in finding diamonds through diligent searching, one University of Houston professor and his team's work could help improve the odds by focusing future searches in particular areas. Kevin Burke, professor of geology and tectonics at UH, and his fellow researchers describe these findings in a paper titled "Diamonds Sampled by Plumes from the Core-Mantle Boundary," appearing...

2010-03-23 08:52:02

Study yields precise estimates of tectonic plate movements When it comes to three-dimensional puzzles, Rubik's Cube pales in comparison with the latest creation of Rice University geoscientist Richard Gordon. Gordon and collaborators Chuck DeMets of the University of Wisconsin-Madison and Donald Argus of NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory in Pasadena, Calif., have just put the finishing touches on a 20-year labor of love, a precise description of the relative movements of the interlocking...

2009-09-11 15:22:07

An international team of researchers has created the most complete seismic image of the Earth's crust and upper mantle beneath the rugged Himalaya Mountains, in the process discovering some unusual geologic features that may explain how the region has evolved. Their findings, published this week in the journal Science, help explain the formation of the world's largest mountain range, which is still growing. The researchers discovered that as the Indian and Eurasian tectonic plates collide,...

2009-06-15 14:40:00

UC Davis team calculates distribution of iron isotopes in Earth's mantle 4.5 billion years ago, opening door to new studies of planet's geologic historyBy using a super-computer to virtually squeeze and heat iron-bearing minerals under conditions that would have existed when the Earth crystallized from an ocean of magma to its solid form 4.5 billion years ago, two UC Davis geochemists have produced the first picture of how different isotopes of iron were initially distributed in the solid...

2009-05-27 15:56:08

Arizona State University researchers say they have discovered a large cylindrical blob of cold material far below the surface of central Nevada. Led by geologist John West, the scientists determined the blob was formed when portions of the lithosphere -- the Earth's crust and uppermost mantle -- had sunk into the more fluid upper mantle beneath the U.S. Western Great Basin. West said it was an extremely unexpected finding in a location that showed no corresponding changes in surface...

2009-05-26 15:30:00

There are very few places in the world where dynamic activity taking place beneath Earth's surface goes undetected. Volcanoes, earthquakes, and even the sudden uplifting or sinking of the ground are all visible results of restlessness far below, but according to research by Arizona State University (ASU) seismologists, dynamic activity deep beneath us isn't always expressed on the surface. The Great Basin in the western United States is a desert region largely devoid of major surface changes....

2009-01-28 13:11:02

The Dead Sea lies in a basin structure situated below the sea level. This deep subsidence is a result of a tectonic concurrence between processes in the upper lithosphere that led to subsiding and a compensating upward flow of rocks in the deeper layers of the lithosphere. This is a result presented by A. Petrunin and A. Sobolev from the GFZ - German Research Centre for Geosciences in the current issue of "PHYSICS OF THE EARTH AND PLANETARY INTERIORS" (Vol. 171, S. 387 - 399). In a series of...

2008-12-10 13:07:08

A U.S.-led international team of scientists says it has, for the first time, recorded a geological event that is considered key in shaping the Earth's crust. Led by Purdue University Professor Eric Calais, the researchers said they measured ground displacements as two African tectonic plates moved apart and molten rock pushed its way toward the surface during the first so-called dyking event ever recorded within the planet's continental crust. Calais said the event left a wall of magma 6...

2008-08-13 13:35:00

Diamonds from Brazil have provided the answers to a question that Earth scientists have been trying to understand for many years: how is oceanic crust that has been subducted deep into the Earth recycled back into volcanic rocks? A team of researchers, led by the University of Bristol, working alongside colleagues at the STFC Daresbury Laboratory, have gained a deeper insight into how the Earth recycles itself in the deep earth tectonic cycle way beyond the depths that can be accessed by...

Latest Lithosphere Reference Libraries

2014-01-12 00:00:00

Earth science (or geoscience) is the science of the planet Earth. Earth science can be broken down into four major disciplines, which are: geography, geology, geophysics, and geodesy. These disciplines use physics, chemistry, biology, chronology and mathematics to arrive to a greater understanding of the principal areas of the Earth system. Since Earth is the only known life-bearing planet, Earth science is solely dedicated to the geophysical makeup of our own planet. One discipline,...

More Articles (1 articles) »
Word of the Day
  • Color; hue; complexion.
This word is Middle English in origin.