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Latest Liver Stories

2011-12-06 23:22:48

When our livers become loaded with fat, it isn't because they are slacking. A new study of human patients in the December Cell Metabolism shows that fatty livers actually burn more fat, not less. All that "hard work" may be at the root of the organ damage that comes with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), a condition associated with insulin resistance that affects about one in three in the U.S. population. The findings represent a paradigm shift in the connection between metabolism...

2011-12-02 13:11:43

U-M researcher finds patients would rather be on waiting list than accept an organ with higher risk of failure Liver transplantation candidates want to be involved in decisions regarding quality of the donor organ, and many are reluctant to accept organs with a higher risk of failure, according to research by U-M physicians and experts. More than 42 percent of patients would choose to remain on the waiting list rather than accept a "lower quality" liver according to the study's lead...

2011-12-02 01:32:51

New research reveals that liver transplantation candidates want to be involved in decisions regarding quality of the donor organ, and many are reluctant to accept organs with a higher risk of failure. In fact, more than 42% of patients would choose to remain on the waiting list rather than accept a "lower quality" liver according to the study appearing in the December issue of Liver Transplantation, a journal published by Wiley-Blackwell on behalf of the American Association for the Study of...

2011-11-28 17:13:10

In liver disease, extent of tissue damage depends on the balance between the generation of scar tissue and the regeneration of new liver cells. In a significant minority of people who get injury to their organs instead of repairing them, they form scars. This can progress to chronic liver disease and cirrhosis where the scarring is so extensive the liver is unable to clean blood or produce vital hormones and clotting factors. Liver scars also provide an ideal environment for the development...

2011-11-17 03:20:53

Defying common sense, ducks that plump up less produce the finest foie gras – that rich, buttery French delicacy made from goose or duck livers and sometimes eaten as slices atop lightly toasted bread – scientists are reporting. The report appears in ACS' Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry. Caroline Molette and colleagues explain that the luscious, smooth texture and buttery taste of foie gras, a traditional French dish, comes from its high fat content. "Foie gras"...

2011-11-08 08:01:00

CINCINNATI, Nov. 8, 2011 /PRNewswire-USNewswire/ -- Unexpected discovery of a new molecular signature for a destructive and often lethal pediatric liver disease may lead to a new therapeutic target for the hard-to-treat condition. (Logo: <font size="2" face="Arial">http://photos.prnewswire.com/prnh/20110406/MM79025LOGO</font>) In a study that included human livers and a mouse model of biliary atresia, researchers report in the November Journal of Clinical Investigation that not...

2011-11-05 19:30:00

SAN FRANCISCO, Nov. 4, 2011 /PRNewswire/ -- Adherence to strict outcome requirements imposed by the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) has an adverse effect on liver transplantation centers performing life-saving liver transplantations under less than optimal conditions, according to researchers at Northwestern University. According to researcher Edward Wang, PhD, "While quality improvement initiatives aim to enhance post-transplant outcomes, the inadequately risk-adjusted...

2011-11-05 19:30:00

SAN FRANCISCO, Nov. 4, 2011 /PRNewswire/ -- Nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) is growing in incidence in the United States. It is also growing as an indication for liver transplantation. Researchers from the University of California - San Francisco concluded in their study that patients with or suspected of having NASH have poorer survival rates than patients who have neither NASH nor hepatitis C virus (HCV). According to Danielle Brandman, MD, MAS, "In 20-30 years, NASH will likely be...

2011-10-24 12:51:01

The human liver fluke Clonorchis sinensis affects more than 35 million people in South East Asia and 15 million in China. Infection by this parasite causes clonorchiasis. Repeated or chronic infection can lead to serious disease of the liver, gall bladder or bile ducts, including the frequently fatal bile duct cancer - cholangiocarcinoma (CCA). The complete genome sequence the genome of C. sinensis, published in BioMed Central's open access journal Genome Biology, has provided insight into...

2011-10-17 10:18:07

Researchers have identified a large number of areas in the human genetic code that are involved in regulating the way in which the liver functions, in a new study of over 61,000 people, published today in the journal Nature Genetics. The work is an international collaboration led by Imperial College London and it identifies 42 genetic regions associated with liver function, 32 of which had not been linked to liver function before. The work should lead to a better understanding of precisely...


Latest Liver Reference Libraries

Lancet Liver Fluke, Dicrocoelium dendriticum
2014-01-12 00:00:00

The lancet liver fluke (Dicrocoelium dendriticum) is a parasitic worm that is classified within the Platyhelminthes phylum. It is thought to be native to over thirty countries including Switzerland, Spain, Germany, Iran, China, Vietnam, Japan, Ghana, and Nigeria, among many other areas. It is also found in South and North America and in Australia. It is typically found in cattle or other grazing species, so it is thought to prefer a habitat that supports these species. It is similar in...

Liver
2013-04-30 14:18:06

The liver is the organ in charge of processing, neutralizing and excreting certain secretions for the metabolic processes. Formation and Orientation The liver is considered to be both the largest internal organ and the largest gland in the human body. It is situated just below the diaphragm, to the right of the stomach and on top of the gallbladder. There are two ways blood can travel to and from the liver: the hepatic artery and the portal vein. The hepatic artery carries blood solely...

Hepatitis B
2013-02-25 09:11:23

Image Caption: This electron micrograph reveals the presence of hepatitis-B virus HBV "Dane particles", or virions. Credit: CDC/Wikipedia Hepatitis B: What Is It? Hepatitis simply means a swelling or inflammation of the liver. The type hepatitis that a person contracts (there are 5 common forms) affects their long-term prognosis. The most common and most severe of these different types of liver infection is Hepatitis B, which is caused by the hepatitis B virus (HBV). It is typically...

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