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Last updated on April 17, 2014 at 8:34 EDT
Two New Alligator Snapping Turtle Species Announced Some

Two New Alligator Snapping Turtle Species Announced, Some Face Localized Risks

Brett Smith for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online A new study published in the journal Zootaxa reveals that the alligator snapping turtle is actually three different species – not one as previously thought. The report also indicated that...

Latest Living fossils Stories

Horseshoe Crab Behavior Impacted By Biomedical Bleeding
2014-02-26 06:56:44

University of New Hampshire DURHAM, N.H. – New research from Plymouth State University and the University of New Hampshire indicates that collecting and bleeding horseshoe crabs for biomedical purposes causes short-term changes in their behavior and physiology that could exacerbate the crabs’ population decline in parts of the east coast. Each year, the U.S. biomedical industry harvests the blue blood from almost half a million living horseshoe crabs for use in pharmaceuticals —...

Signs Of Ancient Bacterial Ecosystems Found In Australia
2013-11-13 05:44:54

April Flowers for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Scientists trying to reconstruct the rise of life during the period of Earth's history when it first evolved find the task daunting because the planet's oldest sedimentary rocks are not only rare, but nearly always altered by hydrothermal and tectonic activity. A new study, published in the journal Astrobiology, reveals the well-preserved remnants of a complex ecosystem in a nearly 3.5 billion-year-old sedimentary rock sequence in...

New Air Breathing Amazonian Fish
2013-10-15 13:06:06

Lee Rannals for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online A new, air-breathing Amazonian fish reported in the journal Copeia marks the first time a new species of arapaima has been identified since 1847. Dr. Donald Stewart of the SUNY College of Environmental Science and Forestry discovered the species dubbed Arapaima leptosoma while attempting to reclassify arapaimas, which is among the world's largest freshwater fish. Arapaimas can grow up to 10-feet in length and weigh 440 pounds. The...

Polluted Habitats Force Snapping Turtles To Move Into Urban Settings
2013-08-28 11:09:27

Brett Smith for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online People swimming in the Midwest’s lakes and ponds are often on the lookout for snapping turtles, which are said to be capable of taking off fingers or toes with their powerful jaws and sharp beak. A new study published in the journal Urban Ecosystems indicates that human pollution and waste could be increasingly forcing these turtles out of their more natural habitats and closer to humans. "Snapping turtles are animals that can...

Ancient Stromatolites May Have Been Edged Out By Foraminifera
2013-05-29 05:47:20

April Flowers for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Stromatolites, “layered rocks” made of calcium carbonate, were the earliest visible manifestation of life on Earth. A team of researchers, including scientists from the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution (WHOI); Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT); the University of Connecticut; Harvard Medical School; and Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, suggest that the disappearance of stromatolites may have been driven by...

Tree Group Plants Redwood Clones Abroad To Save Them From Climate Change
2013-04-23 07:55:01

Lawrence LeBlond for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online In celebration of Earth Day 2013, one non-profit organization made a bold attempt to preserve one of America´s oldest natural treasures. By protecting and preserving California´s ancient redwood trees, the Archangel Ancient Tree Archive (AATA) is hoping that the towering timbers will be saved from climate change. Earth Day, which was celebrated yesterday (Apr 22), is a time for people to make a stand for environmental...

Genome Of The Coelacanth Sequenced
2013-04-18 05:26:08

April Flowers for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online The genome of the coelacanth, a creature with an evolutionary history that is both enigmatic and illuminating, has been decoded by the Genome Center of the Broad Institute of MIT and Harvard, and analyzed by an international team of researchers. The findings of this study are published in the journal Nature. The coelacanth, a sea-cave dwelling, five-foot long fish with limb-like fins, was once thought to be extinct until a living...

New Genetic Study Of Tadpole Shrimps Casts Doubt On The Validity Of The Term 'Living Fossil'
2013-04-02 08:10:15

PeerJ The term 'living fossil' has a controversial history. For decades, scientists have argued about its usefulness as it appears to suggest that some organisms have stopped evolving. New research has now investigated the origin of tadpole shrimps, a group commonly regarded as 'living fossils' which includes the familiar Triops. The research reveals that living species of tadpole shrimp are much younger than the fossils they so much resemble, calling into question the term 'living...

100-Million-Year-Old Fossil From Texas Is New Fish Species
2012-10-25 12:45:29

April Flowers for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online 100-million year old pieces of tiny fossil skull found in Fort Worth, Texas, have been identified as a new species of coelacanth fish, according to paleontologist John F. Graf of Southern Methodist University (SMU) in Dallas. At 400 million years, the coelacanth has one of the longest lineages of any animal. The coelacanth is the most closely related fish to vertebrates, including humans. The findings of this discovery were published...

2012-10-01 10:13:16

Tadpole shrimp are pests of rice production systems in California and have recently been found impacting Missouri and Arkansas rice fields. The shrimp feed on rice seedlings and uproot them during foraging, and their foraging behavior causes water to become muddy, which reduces light penetration to submerged seedlings and delays the development of the rice plant. In "Review of a New Pest of Rice, Tadpole Shrimp (Notostraca: Triopsidae), in the Midsouthern United States and a Winter...


Latest Living fossils Reference Libraries

Ichthyology
2013-10-02 13:31:45

Ichthyology is the study of fish that focuses on many types of fish including cartilaginous fish, jawless fish, and skeletal fish. This branch of zoology can be associated with marine biology and fisheries science, as well as other areas of study. Ichthyologists, those who practice ichthyology, have discovered more than 32,200 species of fish, and it is thought that they discover 250 new species each year. Humans first began to study fish during the Upper Paleolithic Revolution, when humans...

Redwood National And State Parks
2013-04-17 15:39:30

The Redwood National and States Parks, also known as RNSP, are located along the northern coasts of California in the United States. RNSP is comprised of the Prairie Creek Redwoods State, Del Norte Coast, and Jedediah Smith State Parks, created in the 1920’s, and Redwood National Park, encompassing an area of 133,000 acres. These areas protect 45 percent of the red wood old growth forests that occur along 38,982 acres of California’s coastline. Many Native American tribes including the...

West African Lungfish, Protopterus Annectens
2012-12-25 12:16:41

West African Lungfish thrive in fresh water in the West African countries of Senegal, Niger, Gambia, Volta and Chad basins, where the water temp ranges from 77 to 86 degrees. They also can be found in tributaries of the Chari River in Western Sudan. It is eel-like in looks with a long slender body containing 34 - 37 pairs of ribs. The body can be 9 - 15 times the length of its head with small eyes and a prominent snout. The pectoral fins (fins on each side closest to the head) are fringed...

Marbled Lungfish, Protopterus Aethiopicus
2012-12-25 12:06:57

The marbled lungfish is found mainly in the Nile river, in the northeastern continent of Africa. It also is found in such lakes as the Albert, Edward, Tanganyika, Victoria, Nabugabo, No and Kyoga, all centrally located in Africa at the southern end of the Nile. They live in the shallow areas of these lakes, streams, rivers, and swamps. During the dry season, many of the areas will dry up and when this occurs the marbled lungfish will bury themselves in the mud leaving just a small opening...

South American Lungfish, Lepidosiren paradoxa
2009-07-03 19:14:46

The South American lungfish (Lepidosiren paradoxa) is found in slow-moving waters and swamps of the Amazon, Paraguay, and the lower Parana River basins in South America. This fish is a member of Lepidosirenidae family and is noted for its necessary air-breathing. Little information is known of the South American lungfish. Common names of this species are the Scaly Salamander-fish and the American Mud-fish. Young South American lungfish are black and spotted with gold. The adult fish fades...

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