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Latest Local Group Stories

Spotting Distant Galaxy Clusters With WISE
2012-12-07 05:33:49

April Flowers for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online As grand and colorful as it is, our solar system is a fleck in the grander cosmos. Our Milky Way galaxy has hundreds of billions of solar systems, yet it is only just a drop in the sea of galaxies. Galaxy clusters, the rarest and largest of galaxy groupings, can be the hardest to find, which is where NASA's Wide-field Infrared Survey Explorer (WISE) becomes helpful. So far, the mission's all-sky infrared maps have revealed one...

Andromeda Project Wants Your Help Searching For Star Clusters
2012-12-05 13:08:22

Lee Rannals for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online A new project, named The Andromeda Project, is asking the public's help to search through Hubble Space Telescope images to identify star clusters and increase our understanding of how galaxies evolve. The new project is a collaboration between scientists at the University of Washington, the University of Utah and other partners, aiming to study thousands of high-resolution Hubble images. “It´s an amazing opportunity to...

Astronomers Take Starburst Galaxy Census
2012-12-04 13:02:44

Lee Rannals for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Astronomers have taken a census of hundreds of previously unseen starburst galaxies, revealing high star-formation rates across the Universe. The team used the European Space Agency's Herschel space observatory and ground-based W. M. Keck Observatory to make the observation. Starburst galaxies give birth to hundreds of solar masses' worth of stars every year, while galaxies like our Milky Way produce only one Sun-like star per year....

Hubble Image Shows Hercules A
2012-11-29 14:26:18

[ Watch the Video: Hercules A Zoom Sequence ] Lee Rannals for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online A new Hubble Space Telescope image released today shows off a multi-wavelength view of radio galaxy Hercules A. The image was produced through a collaboration of the Hubble Space Telescope's Wide Field Camera 3, and the upgraded Karl G. Jansky Very Large Array (VLA) radio telescope in New Mexico. The yellowish elliptical galaxy seen in the image is about 1,000 times more massive than...

Massive Black Hole Is A Real Heavyweight
2012-11-29 06:42:37

Lee Rannals for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Astronomers have measured the mass of what may be the most massive black hole observed so far by using the Hobby-Eberly Telescope at The University of Texas at Austin's McDonald Observatory. The black hole makes up 14 percent of its galaxy's mass, rather than the usual 0.1 percent, according to the study published in the journal Nature. NGC 1277 is about 220 million light-years away from Earth, and is just ten percent the size and...

Thanksgiving Dinner At The Center Of The Galaxy
2012-11-22 10:33:45

[ Watch the Video: The Diner at the Center of the Galaxy ] Lee Rannals for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online NASA's NuSTAR spacecraft has detected the Milky Way's central black hole eating a Thanksgiving snack. Supermassive black holes like the one in the middle of our galaxy sustain themselves by swallowing stars, planets, asteroids, comets and clouds of gas that wander around the galaxy. The space agency's new spacecraft allowed it to take an observation of the black hole...

Most Distant Galaxy Record Broken
2012-11-15 22:10:07

Lee Rannals for redOrbit.com — Your Universe Online Astronomers have found the most distant galaxy ever seen in the universe by using NASA's Hubble and Spitzer space telescopes. The newly discovered galaxy, named MACS0647-JD, is only a tiny fraction of the size of our Milky Way galaxy, and is observed at 420 million years after the big bang. MACS0647-JD offers a glimpse into what the universe was like when it was just three percent of its present age of 13.7 billion years old....

Chandra X-Ray Observatory Images Star-Making Cluster Cygnus OB2
2012-11-08 09:57:12

Lawrence LeBlond for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online NASA has released a new image of the Cygnus OB2 star cluster, detailing its structure and evolution. The Milky Way, as well as other galaxies in the universe, are home to numerous young star clusters with hundreds of thousands of hot, massive, young stars known as O and B stars. Cygnus OB2 is one of these clusters that contains no less than 60 O-type stars and upwards of a thousand B-type stars. Using the Chandra X-Ray...

Globular Star Cluster NGC 6362
2012-10-31 06:19:57

[ Video 1 ] | [ Video 2 ] European Southern Observatory Photo Release This colorful view of the globular star cluster NGC 6362 was captured by the Wide Field Imager attached to the MPG/ESO 2.2-meter telescope at ESO´s La Silla Observatory in Chile. This new picture, along with a new image of the central region from the NASA/ESA Hubble Space Telescope, provide the best view of this little-known cluster ever obtained. Globular clusters are mainly composed of tens of thousands of very...


Latest Local Group Reference Libraries

45_9843bacae4e6aaccde9ad6442185fc8e
2010-09-16 15:14:03

The two Magellanic Clouds (or Nubeculae Magellani), composed of the Large Megellanic Cloud and the Small Magellanic Cloud, are irregular dwarf galaxies visible in the southern hemisphere. They are members of our Local Group and orbit the Milky Way galaxy. Persian astronomer Al Sufi, in 964, was the first to have written anything about the Magellanic Clouds proving they have been known since early time amongst the Middle East peoples. Sufi, in his Book of Fixed Stars, calls the clouds...

67_62ac767a66aa75de2afaba1deb05cb8c
2010-09-13 17:05:00

The Local Group, compromising more than 30 galaxies (including dwarf galaxies and the Milky Way), is a group of galaxies with a gravitational center located somewhere between the Milky Way and the Andromeda Galaxy. With a binary (dumbbell) shape and a total mass of (1.29 ± 0.14) × 1012M the Local group covers a 10 million light-year diameter. The local group is part of the Virgo Supercluster. The two largest galaxies in the group are the Milky Way and the Andromeda both Spiral...

0_0c560ad0ccf4d719031a7916437450a5
2010-09-13 16:59:36

The IC 342/Maffei Group (also known as the IC 342 Group or the Maffei 1 Group) is the closest group of galaxies to the Local Group. The member galaxies are both concentrated around the two brightest galaxies of IC 342 and Maffei 1. The group can therefore be described as a binary group. Along with many others the group is located in the Virgo Supercluster.

6_11b0e50afd172f6a61aeda24e25504702
2004-10-19 04:45:42

Ring Galaxy -- A subclass of interacting galaxies, ring galaxies, provides a unique laboratory for studying unusually large bursts of non-nuclear star formation. The rings in these systems are often large (10s of kiloparsecs) and contain what appear to be associations of giant H{\small II} regions. As a basis for future modeling of star forming regions in observed ring galaxies we present a series of combined n-body/gas numerical experiments on ring formation and evolution. Three...

6_d430450f9e0cfd67807619c4bc1fbdf32
2004-10-19 04:45:41

Irregular Galaxy -- In astronomy, a class of galaxy with little structure, which does not conform to any of the standard shapes in the Hubble classification. The two satellite galaxies of the Milky Way, the Magellanic Clouds, are both irregulars. Some galaxies previously classified as irregulars are now known to be normal galaxies distorted by tidal effects or undergoing bursts of star formation (see starburst galaxy). ----- NASA Click here to learn more on this topic from...

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Word of the Day
ambsace
  • Bad luck; misfortune.
  • The smallest amount possible or the most worthless thing.
The word 'ambsace' comes from a Latin word meaning 'both'.