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Latest Local Group Stories

Umbrella Galaxy
2014-07-03 04:44:09

April Flowers for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Astronomers are hoping to gain a new understanding of how galaxies grow from watching a distant “twin” of the Milky Way as it is swallowing another galaxy. Dr. Caroline Foster of the Australian Astronomical Observatory (AAO) led the team that has been studying NCG 4651, called the Umbrella galaxy for the “parasol” of stars that are all that remain of the galaxy being consumed. Umbrella can be found approximately 62 million...

Organic Conundrum In Milky Way’s Satellite Galaxy, The Large Magellanic Cloud
2014-06-23 03:03:26

Royal Astronomical Society A group of organic chemicals that are considered carcinogens and pollutants today on Earth, but are also thought to be the building blocks for the origins of life, may hold clues to how carbon-rich chemicals created in stars are processed and recycled in space. Scientists have studied how polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) are created in an aging population of stars in the Milky Way’s satellite galaxy, the Large Magellanic Cloud. They have found that...

3D Map Details Dusty Structure Of The Milky Way
2014-06-23 03:19:28

Royal Astronomical Society A team of international astronomers has created a detailed three-dimensional map of the dusty structure of the Milky Way – the star-studded bright disc of our own galaxy – as seen from Earth’s northern hemisphere. The map will be presented by Prof Janet Drew of the University of Hertfordshire at the National Astronomy Meeting (NAM) 2014 in Portsmouth on Monday 23 June. Dust and gas, making up the Interstellar Medium (ISM), fill space between stars in...

Bullet Group
2014-06-14 03:00:23

ESA Galaxies are not as isolated as they at first glance may seem; on a cosmic scale they congregate in clumps along with dark matter and hot gas. The colorful blob in this new composite image, based on data from several telescopes including ESA's XMM-Newton, is the group of galaxies known as the Bullet Group. Its components appear to be clearly separated, with the hot gas partitioned from the rest of the mass within the group. This is the smallest object ever found to show such an effect,...

Astronomers Discover Nearly 200 Previously Unknown 'Red' Galaxies
2014-06-13 11:46:53

John P. Millis, Ph.D. for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online One of the greatest aspects of NASA’s astronomical research program is that the data accumulated from virtually all of the instruments – X-ray satellites, Infrared detectors, gamma-ray satellites – is available to the public. This means professional and amateur astronomers alike have the ability to make breakthrough discoveries. For instance, in 2007 Dutch school teacher Hanny van Arkel discovered a peculiar blob in an...

Neighboring Satellite Dwarf Galaxies Do Not Fit The Standard Model
2014-06-11 07:37:40

Lawrence LeBlond for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online An international team of scientists have found that dwarf satellite galaxies that orbit the Milky Way and neighboring Andromeda galaxy defy the standard model of galaxy formation. As well, recent attempts to fit them into the model have been flawed, raising questions about the accuracy of the standard model of cosmology, which has been the long accepted concept for the origin and evolution of the universe. In a paper to be...

Smith Cloud Survives Galactic Collision Thanks To Full Dark-matter Facket
2014-05-23 03:44:33

National Radio Astronomy Observatory Like a bullet wrapped in a full metal jacket, a high-velocity hydrogen cloud hurtling toward the Milky Way appears to be encased in a shell of dark matter, according to a new analysis of data from the National Science Foundation's Robert C. Byrd Green Bank Telescope (GBT). Astronomers believe that without this protective shell, the high-velocity cloud (HVC) known as the Smith Cloud would have disintegrated long ago when it first collided with the disk...

JKCS 041 galaxy cluster
2014-05-22 04:43:40

redOrbit Staff & Wire Reports - Your Universe Online Many of the oldest and most massive galaxies reside together in enormous structures known as clusters, and now a team of astronomers has confirmed the existence of an unusually distant galaxy cluster – a group of 19 galaxies located at precisely the same distance of 9.9 billion light years. In research appearing in The Astrophysical Journal, Andrew Newman of the Carnegie Institution for Science and his colleagues explain how...

A Star Cluster In The Wake Of Carina
2014-05-21 03:14:10

[ Watch The Video: Panning Across The Colorful Star Cluster NGC 3590 ] ESO NGC 3590 is a small open cluster of stars around 7500 light-years from Earth, in the constellation of Carina (The Keel). It is a gathering of dozens of stars loosely bound together by gravity and is roughly 35 million years old. This cluster is not just pretty; it is very useful to astronomers. By studying this particular cluster — and others nearby — astronomers can explore the properties of the spiral...

Astronomers Discover Mature Galaxies In A Young Universe
2014-04-30 04:33:59

redOrbit Staff & Wire Reports - Your Universe Online With the assistance of the European Space Agency’s (ESA) Herschel Space Observatory, astronomers have located a young galaxy rotating in a calmer, more mature manner similar to more developed ones like the Milky Way. The galaxy, which has been dubbed S0901, has apparently completed the accumulation of its gas reservoir, the ESA explained in a statement Tuesday. When galaxies form, they build mass by gravitationally attracting...


Latest Local Group Reference Libraries

45_9843bacae4e6aaccde9ad6442185fc8e
2010-09-16 15:14:03

The two Magellanic Clouds (or Nubeculae Magellani), composed of the Large Megellanic Cloud and the Small Magellanic Cloud, are irregular dwarf galaxies visible in the southern hemisphere. They are members of our Local Group and orbit the Milky Way galaxy. Persian astronomer Al Sufi, in 964, was the first to have written anything about the Magellanic Clouds proving they have been known since early time amongst the Middle East peoples. Sufi, in his Book of Fixed Stars, calls the clouds...

67_62ac767a66aa75de2afaba1deb05cb8c
2010-09-13 17:05:00

The Local Group, compromising more than 30 galaxies (including dwarf galaxies and the Milky Way), is a group of galaxies with a gravitational center located somewhere between the Milky Way and the Andromeda Galaxy. With a binary (dumbbell) shape and a total mass of (1.29 ± 0.14) × 1012M the Local group covers a 10 million light-year diameter. The local group is part of the Virgo Supercluster. The two largest galaxies in the group are the Milky Way and the Andromeda both Spiral...

0_0c560ad0ccf4d719031a7916437450a5
2010-09-13 16:59:36

The IC 342/Maffei Group (also known as the IC 342 Group or the Maffei 1 Group) is the closest group of galaxies to the Local Group. The member galaxies are both concentrated around the two brightest galaxies of IC 342 and Maffei 1. The group can therefore be described as a binary group. Along with many others the group is located in the Virgo Supercluster.

6_11b0e50afd172f6a61aeda24e25504702
2004-10-19 04:45:42

Ring Galaxy -- A subclass of interacting galaxies, ring galaxies, provides a unique laboratory for studying unusually large bursts of non-nuclear star formation. The rings in these systems are often large (10s of kiloparsecs) and contain what appear to be associations of giant H{\small II} regions. As a basis for future modeling of star forming regions in observed ring galaxies we present a series of combined n-body/gas numerical experiments on ring formation and evolution. Three...

6_d430450f9e0cfd67807619c4bc1fbdf32
2004-10-19 04:45:41

Irregular Galaxy -- In astronomy, a class of galaxy with little structure, which does not conform to any of the standard shapes in the Hubble classification. The two satellite galaxies of the Milky Way, the Magellanic Clouds, are both irregulars. Some galaxies previously classified as irregulars are now known to be normal galaxies distorted by tidal effects or undergoing bursts of star formation (see starburst galaxy). ----- NASA Click here to learn more on this topic from...

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Word of the Day
bodacious
  • Remarkable; prodigious.
  • Audacious; gutsy.
  • Completely; extremely.
  • Audaciously; boldly.
  • Impressively great in size; enormous; extraordinary.
This word is probably from the dialectal 'boldacious,' a blend of 'bold' and 'audacious.'
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