Latest Local Group Stories

dwarf galaxy
2014-07-22 03:30:23

Verity Leatherdale, University of Sydney The discovery that many small galaxies throughout the universe do not 'swarm' around larger ones like bees do but 'dance' in orderly disc-shaped orbits is a challenge to our understanding of how the universe formed and evolved. The finding, by an international team of astronomers, including Professor Geraint Lewis from the University of Sydney's School of Physics, was announced July 18 in Nature. "Early in 2013 we announced our startling...

new galaxies
2014-07-14 04:48:46

John P. Millis, Ph.D. for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online While images of the Milky Way or Andromeda galaxies may dominate our mind’s image of what a galaxy looks like, the fact is that the largest objects in the Universe come in all shapes and sizes. In fact, most galaxies in the cosmos are known as dwarf galaxies. These systems are, as the name might suggest, smaller versions of the elliptical, spiral, and irregular galaxies that usually spring to mind. In many cases, these...

Distant Galaxy Shows Evidence Of A 'Red And Dead' Future
2014-07-10 13:45:41

John P. Millis, Ph.D. for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online When galaxies first form they are dominated by gas that, over time, lays the foundation for stars. As more stars form the gas becomes locked up in stellar objects and their core remnants, such as white dwarfs, neutron stars, and black holes. Eventually, the gas will become depleted, leaving behind a cold dead galaxy. This process, however, can look different for varying galaxy types, and astronomers have been looking to...

Solving The Long-standing Mystery Surrounding The Evolution Of Galaxies
2014-07-08 03:29:57

[ Watch The Video: A Simulated Dwarf Galaxy 800 Million Years After The Big Bang ] The University of Sheffield New research by academics at the University of Sheffield has solved a long-standing mystery surrounding the evolution of galaxies, deepening our understanding of the future of the Milky Way. The supermassive black holes in the cores of some galaxies drive massive outflows of molecular hydrogen gas. As a result, most of the cold gas is expelled from the galaxies. Since...

Galactic Pyrotechnics on Display
2014-07-03 10:58:10

NASA/JPL Celebrants this Fourth of July will enjoy the dazzling lights and booming shock waves from the explosions of fireworks. A similarly styled event is taking place in the galaxy Messier 106, as seen by NASA's Spitzer Space Telescope, Chandra X-ray Observatory and the Herschel Space Observatory. Herschel is a European Space Agency mission with important NASA contributions. [ Watch the Video: Zooming In On Messier 106 ] Energetic jets, which blast from Messier 106's central black...

Umbrella Galaxy
2014-07-03 04:44:09

April Flowers for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Astronomers are hoping to gain a new understanding of how galaxies grow from watching a distant “twin” of the Milky Way as it is swallowing another galaxy. Dr. Caroline Foster of the Australian Astronomical Observatory (AAO) led the team that has been studying NCG 4651, called the Umbrella galaxy for the “parasol” of stars that are all that remain of the galaxy being consumed. Umbrella can be found approximately 62 million...

Organic Conundrum In Milky Way’s Satellite Galaxy, The Large Magellanic Cloud
2014-06-23 03:03:26

Royal Astronomical Society A group of organic chemicals that are considered carcinogens and pollutants today on Earth, but are also thought to be the building blocks for the origins of life, may hold clues to how carbon-rich chemicals created in stars are processed and recycled in space. Scientists have studied how polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) are created in an aging population of stars in the Milky Way’s satellite galaxy, the Large Magellanic Cloud. They have found that...

3D Map Details Dusty Structure Of The Milky Way
2014-06-23 03:19:28

Royal Astronomical Society A team of international astronomers has created a detailed three-dimensional map of the dusty structure of the Milky Way – the star-studded bright disc of our own galaxy – as seen from Earth’s northern hemisphere. The map will be presented by Prof Janet Drew of the University of Hertfordshire at the National Astronomy Meeting (NAM) 2014 in Portsmouth on Monday 23 June. Dust and gas, making up the Interstellar Medium (ISM), fill space between stars in...

Bullet Group
2014-06-14 03:00:23

ESA Galaxies are not as isolated as they at first glance may seem; on a cosmic scale they congregate in clumps along with dark matter and hot gas. The colorful blob in this new composite image, based on data from several telescopes including ESA's XMM-Newton, is the group of galaxies known as the Bullet Group. Its components appear to be clearly separated, with the hot gas partitioned from the rest of the mass within the group. This is the smallest object ever found to show such an effect,...

Astronomers Discover Nearly 200 Previously Unknown 'Red' Galaxies
2014-06-13 11:46:53

John P. Millis, Ph.D. for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online One of the greatest aspects of NASA’s astronomical research program is that the data accumulated from virtually all of the instruments – X-ray satellites, Infrared detectors, gamma-ray satellites – is available to the public. This means professional and amateur astronomers alike have the ability to make breakthrough discoveries. For instance, in 2007 Dutch school teacher Hanny van Arkel discovered a peculiar blob in an...

Latest Local Group Reference Libraries

2010-09-16 15:14:03

The two Magellanic Clouds (or Nubeculae Magellani), composed of the Large Megellanic Cloud and the Small Magellanic Cloud, are irregular dwarf galaxies visible in the southern hemisphere. They are members of our Local Group and orbit the Milky Way galaxy. Persian astronomer Al Sufi, in 964, was the first to have written anything about the Magellanic Clouds proving they have been known since early time amongst the Middle East peoples. Sufi, in his Book of Fixed Stars, calls the clouds...

2010-09-13 17:05:00

The Local Group, compromising more than 30 galaxies (including dwarf galaxies and the Milky Way), is a group of galaxies with a gravitational center located somewhere between the Milky Way and the Andromeda Galaxy. With a binary (dumbbell) shape and a total mass of (1.29 ± 0.14) × 1012M the Local group covers a 10 million light-year diameter. The local group is part of the Virgo Supercluster. The two largest galaxies in the group are the Milky Way and the Andromeda both Spiral...

2010-09-13 16:59:36

The IC 342/Maffei Group (also known as the IC 342 Group or the Maffei 1 Group) is the closest group of galaxies to the Local Group. The member galaxies are both concentrated around the two brightest galaxies of IC 342 and Maffei 1. The group can therefore be described as a binary group. Along with many others the group is located in the Virgo Supercluster.

2004-10-19 04:45:42

Ring Galaxy -- A subclass of interacting galaxies, ring galaxies, provides a unique laboratory for studying unusually large bursts of non-nuclear star formation. The rings in these systems are often large (10s of kiloparsecs) and contain what appear to be associations of giant H{\small II} regions. As a basis for future modeling of star forming regions in observed ring galaxies we present a series of combined n-body/gas numerical experiments on ring formation and evolution. Three...

2004-10-19 04:45:41

Irregular Galaxy -- In astronomy, a class of galaxy with little structure, which does not conform to any of the standard shapes in the Hubble classification. The two satellite galaxies of the Milky Way, the Magellanic Clouds, are both irregulars. Some galaxies previously classified as irregulars are now known to be normal galaxies distorted by tidal effects or undergoing bursts of star formation (see starburst galaxy). ----- NASA Click here to learn more on this topic from...

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