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Latest Local Group Stories

2014-01-29 12:20:28

WASHINGTON, Jan. 29, 2014 /PRNewswire-USNewswire/ -- Astronomers using NASA's Hubble Space Telescope and Europe's Herschel Space Observatory have pieced together the evolutionary sequence of compact elliptical galaxies that erupted and burned out early in the history of the universe. (Logo: http://photos.prnewswire.com/prnh/20081007/38461LOGO) Enabled by Hubble's infrared imaging capabilities, astronomers have assembled for the first time a representative spectroscopic sampling of...

Astronomer Discovers Hydrogen River Flowing Into Nearby Galaxy
2014-01-28 09:52:49

April Flowers for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online What might be a never-before-seen river of hydrogen flowing through space has been discovered by West Virginia University astronomer, D.J. Pisano, using the National Science Foundation's (NSF) Robert C. Byrd Green Bank Telescope (GBT). A study, published in the Astronomical Journal, reveals that this river is a faint, very tenuous filament of gas, which is streaming into the nearby galaxy, NGC 6946. Understanding this may help...

ESA Confirms Inside Out Model Milky Way
2014-01-20 11:40:56

[ Watch the Video: Inside-out Formation Of The Milky Way ] Brett Smith for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online New research from the European Space Agency's (ESA) Gaia-ESO project has confirmed previous theories on the inside-out development of the Milky Way, with the inner regions of the galaxy’s disc being the first to form. According to their report in the astronomical database Astro-ph, the study researchers reached their conclusions using observations taken with the 8-meter...

Hypervelocity Stars Escape Galaxy
2014-01-10 08:44:12

April Flowers for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online A surprising new class of hypervelocity stars has been discovered by an international team of astronomers. These solitary stars are moving fast enough to escape the gravitational grasp of the Milky Way galaxy, according to a study presented at the annual meeting of the American Astronomical Society. The findings were also published in the Astrophysical Journal. "These new hypervelocity stars are very different from the ones that...

NASA's Hubble Telescope Looks Deep Inside The Tarantula Nebula
2014-01-10 09:14:19

[ Watch the Video: Hubble Images Tarantula Nebula In New Detail ] Gerard LeBlond for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online The Hubble Tarantula Treasury Program from NASA has revealed some fascinating new images deep inside the Tarantula Nebula, also known as 30 Daradus. This nebula is positioned inside the Large Magellanic Cloud 170,000 light-years away and contains some 800,000 stars and protostars. Upon completion of the program, a huge catalog of stellar properties will be...

2014-01-07 16:20:22

WASHINGTON, Jan. 7, 2014 /PRNewswire-USNewswire/ -- NASA's Hubble Space Telescope is providing a new perspective on the remote universe, including new views of young and distant galaxies bursting with stars. Scientists described the findings Tuesday in a news conference sponsored by the American Astronomical Society (AAS). (Logo: http://photos.prnewswire.com/prnh/20081007/38461LOGO) Highlighted in the briefing were three discoveries -- four unusually bright galaxies as they...

Study Of Massive Stars Shows Milky Way's Missing Arms
2013-12-17 08:54:09

University of Leeds A 12-year study of massive stars has reaffirmed that our Galaxy has four spiral arms, following years of debate sparked by images taken by NASA's Spitzer Space Telescope that only showed two arms. The new research, which is published online today [17 December] in the Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, is part of the RMS Survey, which was launched by academics at the University of Leeds. Astronomers cannot see what our Galaxy, which is called the...

Milky Way Seen More Clearly Than Ever Thanks To New 3D Map Of The Stars
2013-11-29 04:10:22

Alan McStravick for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online The Milky Way galaxy recently got a little easier to understand. A group of astronomers created a new 3D map of the stars that reside in the center of the Milky Way which shows, more clearly than ever, the bulge located at the core of our galaxy. Prior to this new representation it was widely believed the stars in the core orbited in a sort of banana shape. However, scientists, publishing this week in the journal Monthly Notices of...

Fiery Drama Of Star Birth And Stellar Death
2013-11-27 07:05:14

ESO The Large Magellanic Cloud is one of the closest galaxies to our own. Astronomers have now used the power of ESO’s Very Large Telescope to explore one of its lesser known regions. This new image shows clouds of gas and dust where hot new stars are being born and are sculpting their surroundings into odd shapes. But the image also shows the effects of stellar death — filaments created by a supernova explosion. Located only about 160 000 light-years from us in the constellation of...

Ancient Brown Dwarfs
2013-11-21 15:05:41

John P. Millis, PhD for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online The galaxy is a diverse place, containing stars, planets, nebulous gas, black holes, and all matter of other objects, some of which we still do not understand. But among this vast array sits an object that is neither a star, nor a planet. These brown dwarfs have masses only a fraction of that of our Sun, but are still at least 13 times more massive than Jupiter. But because of the lack of substantial fusion, the surface of...


Latest Local Group Reference Libraries

45_9843bacae4e6aaccde9ad6442185fc8e
2010-09-16 15:14:03

The two Magellanic Clouds (or Nubeculae Magellani), composed of the Large Megellanic Cloud and the Small Magellanic Cloud, are irregular dwarf galaxies visible in the southern hemisphere. They are members of our Local Group and orbit the Milky Way galaxy. Persian astronomer Al Sufi, in 964, was the first to have written anything about the Magellanic Clouds proving they have been known since early time amongst the Middle East peoples. Sufi, in his Book of Fixed Stars, calls the clouds...

67_62ac767a66aa75de2afaba1deb05cb8c
2010-09-13 17:05:00

The Local Group, compromising more than 30 galaxies (including dwarf galaxies and the Milky Way), is a group of galaxies with a gravitational center located somewhere between the Milky Way and the Andromeda Galaxy. With a binary (dumbbell) shape and a total mass of (1.29 ± 0.14) × 1012M the Local group covers a 10 million light-year diameter. The local group is part of the Virgo Supercluster. The two largest galaxies in the group are the Milky Way and the Andromeda both Spiral...

0_0c560ad0ccf4d719031a7916437450a5
2010-09-13 16:59:36

The IC 342/Maffei Group (also known as the IC 342 Group or the Maffei 1 Group) is the closest group of galaxies to the Local Group. The member galaxies are both concentrated around the two brightest galaxies of IC 342 and Maffei 1. The group can therefore be described as a binary group. Along with many others the group is located in the Virgo Supercluster.

6_11b0e50afd172f6a61aeda24e25504702
2004-10-19 04:45:42

Ring Galaxy -- A subclass of interacting galaxies, ring galaxies, provides a unique laboratory for studying unusually large bursts of non-nuclear star formation. The rings in these systems are often large (10s of kiloparsecs) and contain what appear to be associations of giant H{\small II} regions. As a basis for future modeling of star forming regions in observed ring galaxies we present a series of combined n-body/gas numerical experiments on ring formation and evolution. Three...

6_d430450f9e0cfd67807619c4bc1fbdf32
2004-10-19 04:45:41

Irregular Galaxy -- In astronomy, a class of galaxy with little structure, which does not conform to any of the standard shapes in the Hubble classification. The two satellite galaxies of the Milky Way, the Magellanic Clouds, are both irregulars. Some galaxies previously classified as irregulars are now known to be normal galaxies distorted by tidal effects or undergoing bursts of star formation (see starburst galaxy). ----- NASA Click here to learn more on this topic from...

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Word of the Day
tessitura
  • The prevailing range of a vocal or instrumental part, within which most of the tones lie.
This word is Italian in origin and comes from the Latin 'textura,' web, structure.