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Latest Locomotion Stories

869fdcbfb01bbbf57b877253f630114c1
2010-02-12 08:25:00

Most animals don't think anything of breaking into a run: they switch effortlessly from walking to a high-speed bouncing run. But what about elephants? Their sheer size makes it impossible for them to bounce up in the air at high speeds. So how are high-speed elephants moving: are they running or walking? At a first glance, fast-moving elephants look as if they are walking, according to John Hutchinson from the Royal Veterinary College, UK. But closer analysis of elephant footfall patterns by...

93628c7823cf653d51df0e12f7e2dcd71
2010-01-27 15:55:00

Study shows how humans ran comfortably and safely before the invention of shoes New research is casting doubt on the old adage, "All you need to run is a pair of shoes." Scientists have found that those who run barefoot, or in minimal footwear, tend to avoid "heel-striking," and instead land on the ball of the foot or the middle of the foot. In so doing, these runners use the architecture of the foot and leg and some clever Newtonian physics to avoid hurtful and potentially damaging impacts,...

2af5bb8c819049864cd7422e8e41a8171
2010-01-25 14:25:00

The scientists argue that flight originated above, in the trees; such animals would have been gliders A joint team from the University of Kansas and Northeastern University in China says that it has settled the long-standing question of how bird flight began. In the Jan. 25 issue of Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, the KU-China researchers push their research into the origins of bird flight and the early evolution of birds with decisive flight tests of a model of the...

f5cb902a92da3ce838d3567dd61ddaed1
2010-01-22 10:51:15

New evidence identifies critical variable imposing biological limit to running speed Jamaican sprinter Usain Bolt's record-setting performances have unleashed a wave of interest in the ultimate limits to human running speed. A new study published in the Journal of Applied Physiology offers intriguing insights into the biology and perhaps even the future of human running speed. The newly published evidence identifies the critical variable imposing the biological limit to running speed, and...

2010-01-20 13:41:47

Treadmill training can be used to help people with Parkinson's disease achieve better walking movements, say researchers. In a systematic review of the evidence, Cochrane Researchers concluded treadmill training could be used to improve specific gait parameters in Parkinson's patients. Gait hypokinesia, characterized by slowness of movement, is one of the main movement disorders that affects Parkinson's patients and can have a major impact on quality of life. More recently, health...

96d75b52d7fdde4a57eb16dce76db9531
2010-01-18 15:35:00

A group of scientists may have solved the mystery of how human hands became nimble enough to make and manipulate stone tools, according to BBC News. The team wrote in the journal Evolution that changes in the shape of our feet effected the changes in our hands and fingers. According to their report, this shows that the capacity to stand and walk on two feet is intrinsically linked to the emergence of stone tool technology. The researchers used a mathematical model to simulate the changes....

907fcd1d3f470aca69a2565d4ad90e041
2010-01-17 13:55:00

Göttingen scientists develop an autonomous walking robot that flexibly switches between many different gaits by using "chaos control" Even simple insects can generate quite different movement patterns with their six legs. The animal uses various gaits depending on whether it crawls uphill or downhill, slowly or fast. Scientists from Göttingen have now developed a walking robot, which - depending on the situation - can flexibly and autonomously switch between different gaits. The...

1ae6a7f1abf2866d37a5300b0d0eab4a1
2010-01-09 08:35:00

The maximum time an athlete is able to continue climbing to exhaustion may be the only determinant of his/her performance. A new European study, led by researchers from the University of Granada, the objective of which is to help trainers and climbers design training programs for this type of sport, shows this to be the case. Until now, performance indicators for climbing have been low body fat percentage and grip strength. Furthermore, existing research was based on the comparison of amateur...

1fb82c883904829dc1b89a3b9a69780c1
2010-01-04 10:59:54

Greater stresses on joints than running barefoot or walking in high-heeled shoes observed Knee osteoarthritis (OA) accounts for more disability in the elderly than any other disease. Running, although it has proven cardiovascular and other health benefits, can increase stresses on the joints of the leg. In a study published in the December 2009 issue of PM&R: The journal of injury, function and rehabilitation, researchers compared the effects on knee, hip and ankle joint motions of...

099f15fcea4f6884bbddcaea777f39ed1
2009-12-23 07:15:00

Arizona State University researchers have developed a prosthetic device that literally puts the spring back into an amputee's step. The ASU scientists have developed and refined SPARKy (for spring ankle with regenerative kinetics) into a smart, active and energy storing below-the-knee (transbitial) prosthesis. SPARKy is the first prosthetic device to apply regenerative kinetics to its design, which resulted in a lightweight (four pound) device that allows the wearer to walk on grass, cement...


Latest Locomotion Reference Libraries

Microraptor
2012-03-21 23:43:50

Microraptor, meaning “small thief,” is a genus of dromaeosaurid dinosaur from the Early Cretaceous Period (120 million years ago). This small, four-winged animal was first discovered in the Jiufotang Formation in Liaoning, China, with more than two dozen specimens unearthed. There are two known species of Microraptor. The type species, M. zhaoianus, has been hotly debated for years. It was initially placed in the genus Archaeoraptor before a more accurate description placed it in the...

42_be9d0558b2d26ba025fc2ee6fb5b097d
2007-10-24 12:34:20

The Giant Pangolin (Manis gigantea), is a species of pangolin. The Giant Pangolin inhabits Africa with a range stretching along the Equator from West Africa to Uganda. It is found mainly in savanna, rainforest, and forest, where there is a large termite population and available water. It does not inhabit high altitude areas. The Giant Pangolin is the largest species of pangolin (scaly anteaters). It belongs to the Manidae family. It was first described by Johann Karl Wilhelm Illiger in 1815....

40_9775da97b52e0fa8c6cae3cc609b92ad
2005-09-09 07:46:52

The Water strider, (also known as: Skater, Pond Skater, Jesus Bug, Water Skeeter, water scooter, water skater, and Skimmer) is any of a number of predatory insects in the family Gerridae that rely on the surface tension of water to walk on top of it. They live on the surface of ponds, slow streams, marshes, and other quiet waters and can move very quickly (up to 1 m/s) over the surface of water. Aquarius remigis (formerly known as Gerris remigis) is one of the species in Gerridae known as...

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Word of the Day
bellycheer
  • Good cheer; viands.
  • To revel; to feast.
The word 'bellycheer' may come from 'belle cheer', "good cheer".
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