Latest Lunar science Stories
They are the darkest and coldest places on the surface of the moon, but deep in the craters of the polar regions, electrical activity may be creating a kind of “sparking” that has driven changes in lunar soil evolution.
Over four billion years ago, giant asteroid impacts collided with the Earth’s surface and gave the planet a facelift of sorts – mixing, burying and melting the landscape, according to a new terrestrial bombardment model devised by an international team of researchers.
While the moon's surface is battered by millions of craters, it also has over 200 holes – steep-walled pits that in some cases might lead to caves that future astronauts could explore and use for shelter, according to new observations from NASA's Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter spacecraft.
Astronauts looking to lay the groundwork for a future settlement on the Moon may want to save some time by not looking for water on the side of the Moon that is always exposed to the Sun.
Despite being the nearest astronomical object to Earth, and the only extraterrestrial site of human visitors, the Moon still contains mysteries that have puzzled scientists for the better part of a century. Perhaps the greatest question surrounding lunar history is its two-faced nature.
The Moon was most likely formed by a collision between the Earth and a planet-sized object that took place roughly 4.5 billion years ago, a team of German scientists report in research published Friday by the journal Science.
Today, thanks to the combination of observations by two NASA missions, we are able to see a phenomenon known as lunar body tide for the first time.
By reviewing hundreds of chemical analyses of lunar samples collected during the Apollo missions, scientists have discovered new clues about how water originated and was redistributed on the Moon.
Earth was irrevocably changed when the dinosaurs were wiped out about 65 million years ago by a massive asteroid, but a much bigger asteroid that struck the Earth nearly 3.3 billion years ago is thought to have shaped parts of Africa.
The Hadean is the unofficial geological period of time that lies just before the Archean time period. The Hadean began with the formation of the Earth roughly 4.5 billion years ago (Ga) and ended about 3.8 Ga; the latter date varies according to different sources. Hadean is derived from Hades, Greek for “underworld,” referring to the hellish conditions on the planet at the time. The term was coined in 1972 by geologist Preston Cloud. The period was later classified as the “Priscoan...
Crater -- A crater is a circular depression on the surface of a planet, moon, asteroid, or other celestial body. Craters are typically caused by meteorite impacts, although some are caused by volcanic activity. In the center of craters on Earth a crater lake often accumulates, and in craters formed by meteorites a central island (caused by rebounding crustal rock after the impact) is usually a prominent feature in the lake. Ancient craters whose relief has disappeared leaving only a...
The Moon -- The Moon is the largest satellite of the Earth, and is occasionally called Luna (Latin for moon) to distinguish it from the general use of the word "moon". The Moon is distinguished from the satellites of other planets by its initial capital letter; the other moons are described in the natural satellite article. The words moon and month come from the same Old English root word. The Moon makes a complete orbit of the celestial sphere about every four weeks. Each hour the...
The Moon -- natural satellite of a planet, in particular, the single natural satellite of the earth. The Earth-Moon System The moon is the earth's nearest neighbor in space. In addition to its proximity, the moon is also exceptional in that it is quite massive compared to the earth itself, the ratio of their masses being far larger than the similar ratios of other natural satellites to the planets they orbit (with the exception of Charon and Pluto). For this reason, the...
- Large; stout; burly.