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Last updated on April 23, 2014 at 12:16 EDT

Latest Mantle Stories

Greenland Ice Sheet Is Melting From Below
2013-08-12 04:20:03

redOrbit Staff & Wire Reports - Your Universe Online High heat flow from the mantle into the lithosphere is causing the Greenland ice sheet to melt from below, according to new research published in Sunday’s online edition of the journal Nature Geoscience. This phenomenon, the researchers explain, is very variable spatially and originates in an exceptionally thin lithosphere (the Earth’s crust and upper mantle). As a result, they report there is an increase in the heat flow from...

Thermal Conductivity In The Earth's Lower Mantle
2013-08-10 04:51:11

redOrbit Staff & Wire Reports - Your Universe Online Researchers have, for the first time, experimentally simulated the pressure conditions of the Earth’s deep lower mantle – an achievement that could shed new light on the planet’s evolution, according to a study published Friday in the online edition of the journal Scientific Reports. Experts from the Carnegie Institution and the University of Illinois managed to use their simulation to measure thermal conductivity in this...

Earth's Origins May Be Explained Through Mantle's 'Hidden Flux'
2013-07-17 14:46:32

Brett Smith for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online One of the more popular theories surrounding the formation of the planets involves the countless collisions of smaller objects in orbit around the sun 4.5 billion years ago. However, proponents of that theory are missing one thing: the Earth's chemical composition is distinctly different from the meteors that are currently striking the planet. Scientists have found that the lead-uranium ratio of meteors is much different than that of...

Corn Syrup Model Predicts Yellowstone Geophysical Behavior
2013-07-15 11:07:37

Brett Smith for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online In an experiment that could be described as a science fair exhibit on steroids, researchers from Australia and the United States have created a model explaining the geophysical processes occurring in the Pacific Northwest using corn syrup, fiberglass and a series of pistons. Before computer models were generated using state-of-the-art processing power, scientists relied on simple models made from everyday materials. According to the...

Upwellings In Earth's Mantle Have Remained Stable Over Geologic Time
2013-06-27 08:33:06

April Flowers for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online A new study from the University of Hawaii - Manoa's School of Ocean and Earth Science and Technology (SOEST) reveals that the large-scale upwelling within Earth's mantle mostly occur in only two locations: beneath Africa and the Central Pacific. Clinton Conrad, associate professor of geology at SOEST, led the team of researchers who found, despite dramatic reconfigurations of tectonic plate motions and continental locations on the...

Mantle Influences Long-Term Sea-Level Rise Estimates
2013-05-24 04:51:40

Brett Smith for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Many climate models that are based on ancient sea levels warn about the impending dangers of modern-day sea level rise, but what if the Earth beneath our shorelines has shifted over millions of years? According to a new paper in Science Express, the North American shoreline of over 3 million years ago sits more than 280 feet above the modern sea level from Virginia to Florida. Using computer modeling to account for sediment buildup...

Researchers Find Earth Center Is 1800 Degrees Hotter Than Thought
2013-04-26 09:04:03

April Flowers for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online The temperature near the Earth's core is approximately 10,800 degrees Fahrenheit [1] a team of scientists has determined. This is 1,800 degrees hotter than in a previous experiment conducted 20 years prior. The new measurements confirm geophysical models that the temperature difference between the solid core and the mantle above must be at least 1,500 degrees F to explain why the Earth has a magnetic field. The team was even able to...

Oceanic Volcanoes Reveal Signs Of Ancient Earthen Crust
2013-04-25 07:27:13

April Flowers for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online For a long time now, scientists have been convinced that lava that has erupted from certain oceanic volcanoes contains material from the crust of early Earth, but decisive evidence has been elusive. A new study, published in the journal Nature, reveals that oceanic volcanic rocks contain samples of recycled crust dating back to the Archean era 2.5 billion years ago. Oceanic crust sinks below the Earth's mantle where two tectonic...

Yellowstone Volcano Debate: Both Sides May Be Right
2013-04-16 05:23:36

April Flowers for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online The geologic formation of the supervolcano encompassing the Yellowstone National Park region has been the subject of much debate. A new study, led by the University of Rhode Island's Professor Christopher Kincaid, provides new evidence that may put an end to the debate by demonstrating both sides may be right. The international team of scientists used a state-of-the-art plate tectonic laboratory to show the volcanism in the...

Geologists Say Earth Is Congested
2013-04-01 10:38:38

Brett Smith for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online According to a new study from a team of German researchers, geological forces are stagnating in certain regions because of pressure-induced phase transitions. The Earth´s crust is in a constant state of flux, with solid slabs diving hundreds of miles down into the mantle as hot liquid magma rises up to fill the gaps. According to study author“¯Falko Langenhorst from the Friedrich Schiller University Jena, these forces...


Latest Mantle Reference Libraries

Kelp Scallop, Leptopecten latiauratus
2013-04-16 20:25:12

Leptopecten latiauratus, the common name being the kelp scallop, is a small saltwater clam, a bivalve mollusk belonging to the family Pectinidae. It resides in water up to 850 feet deep. Similar to other scallops, it has many small primitive eyes around the rim of its mantle and escapes its predators by jet propulsion. The shell can be anywhere between 3 to 5 centimeters in size. It is mostly circular with two flat auricles or ears that extend off of the hinge. It usually has ridges that...

4_33609f8ebef994f54be143abe0bef9f42
2004-10-19 04:45:40

Earth -- in geology and astronomy, fifth largest planet of the solar system and the only planet definitely known to support life. Gravitational forces have molded the earth, like all celestial bodies, into a spherical shape. However, the earth is not an exact sphere, being slightly flattened at the poles and bulging at the equator. The equatorial diameter is c.7,926 mi (12,760 km) and the polar diameter 7,900 mi (12,720 km); the circumference at the equator is c.24,830 mi (40,000 km)....

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