Latest Mantle Stories

2009-06-22 11:50:00

The Earth's mantle, situated under the Earth's crust, is very much the spot for studying interesting geological processes. Although we do not realise it, right under our feet there is a sultry world of circulating Earth layers. We only come into contact with these hot Earth layers in the event of earthquakes and volcanic eruptions. It is therefore important to learn more about the characteristics of the Earth's mantle. These characteristics can be portrayed using seismic waves. However, the...

2009-06-18 09:10:49

U.S. scientists have used a supercomputer to calculate the iron isotope distribution in Earth's mantle that occurred 4.5 billion years ago. University of California-Davis geochemists said they simulated the conditions that would have existed when the Earth crystallized from an ocean of magma to its solid form, producing the first picture of how different isotopes of iron were initially distributed in the solid Earth. The scientists said their research could result in a wave of investigations...

2009-06-15 14:40:00

UC Davis team calculates distribution of iron isotopes in Earth's mantle 4.5 billion years ago, opening door to new studies of planet's geologic historyBy using a super-computer to virtually squeeze and heat iron-bearing minerals under conditions that would have existed when the Earth crystallized from an ocean of magma to its solid form 4.5 billion years ago, two UC Davis geochemists have produced the first picture of how different isotopes of iron were initially distributed in the solid...

2009-05-27 15:56:08

Arizona State University researchers say they have discovered a large cylindrical blob of cold material far below the surface of central Nevada. Led by geologist John West, the scientists determined the blob was formed when portions of the lithosphere -- the Earth's crust and uppermost mantle -- had sunk into the more fluid upper mantle beneath the U.S. Western Great Basin. West said it was an extremely unexpected finding in a location that showed no corresponding changes in surface...

2009-05-26 15:30:00

There are very few places in the world where dynamic activity taking place beneath Earth's surface goes undetected. Volcanoes, earthquakes, and even the sudden uplifting or sinking of the ground are all visible results of restlessness far below, but according to research by Arizona State University (ASU) seismologists, dynamic activity deep beneath us isn't always expressed on the surface. The Great Basin in the western United States is a desert region largely devoid of major surface changes....

2009-04-10 08:44:35

The enchantingly colored seashells that lend beaches their charm could also provide information about how the brain converts memories and sensory information into action, according to research from the University of California at Berkeley and the University of Pittsburgh published online April 7 in the "Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences" ("PNAS"). G. Bard Ermentrout, a University Professor of Mathematics at Pitt, worked with the paper's lead author, Berkeley graduate student...

2009-04-02 12:11:28

University of California, Berkeley, graduate student Alistair Boettiger has amassed a beautiful collection of seashells, but not by combing the beach. He created them in his computer.He and George Oster, a UC Berkeley biophysicist, along with University of Pittsburgh mathematical neuroscientist Bard Ermentrout, have written a computer program that generates the complex patterns of seashells using simple principles developed to explain how the brain works and how memories are stored.The...

2009-01-22 14:14:03

Drifting of the large tectonic plates and the superimposed continents is not only powered by the heat-driven convection processes in the Earth's mantle, but rather retroacts on this internal driving processes. In doing so, the continents function as a thermal blanket, which leads to an accumulation of heat underneath, and which in turn can cause the break-up of the super-continents. These results of numerical modeling have been published by scientists from the GFZ German Research Centre for...

2008-12-16 09:30:25

Two giant plumes of hot rock deep within the earth are linked to the plate motions that shape the continents, researchers have found. The two superplumes, one beneath Hawaii and the other beneath Africa, have likely existed for at least 200 million years, explained Wendy Panero, assistant professor of earth sciences at Ohio State University. The giant plumes -- or "superpiles" as Panero calls them -- rise from the bottom of Earth's mantle, just above our planet's core. Each is larger than the...

2008-09-18 10:50:00

Materials deep inside Earth have unexpected atomic properties that might force earth scientists to revise their models of Earth's internal processes, a team of researchers has discovered. The researchers recreated in the lab the materials, crushing pressures and infernal temperatures they believe exist in the lowermost mantle, nearly 2,900 kilometers (1,800 miles) below Earth's surface. They report in the journal Nature Geoscience the materials exhibit rare and unexpected atomic properties...

Latest Mantle Reference Libraries

Kelp Scallop, Leptopecten latiauratus
2013-04-16 20:25:12

Leptopecten latiauratus, the common name being the kelp scallop, is a small saltwater clam, a bivalve mollusk belonging to the family Pectinidae. It resides in water up to 850 feet deep. Similar to other scallops, it has many small primitive eyes around the rim of its mantle and escapes its predators by jet propulsion. The shell can be anywhere between 3 to 5 centimeters in size. It is mostly circular with two flat auricles or ears that extend off of the hinge. It usually has ridges that...

2004-10-19 04:45:40

Earth -- in geology and astronomy, fifth largest planet of the solar system and the only planet definitely known to support life. Gravitational forces have molded the earth, like all celestial bodies, into a spherical shape. However, the earth is not an exact sphere, being slightly flattened at the poles and bulging at the equator. The equatorial diameter is c.7,926 mi (12,760 km) and the polar diameter 7,900 mi (12,720 km); the circumference at the equator is c.24,830 mi (40,000 km)....

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