Matter Reference Libraries

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Caribbean Pine Pinus caribaea
2014-04-18 08:11:48

Caribbean pine (Pinus caribaea) is native to Central America, Cuba, the Bahamas as well as the Turks and Caicos Islands. The Caribbean pine also grows in Asia, Australia, New Zealand, Jamaica, Colombia, South Africa and China where they were introduced by foresters. This pine often forms pure stands but can be found growing mixed in with oaks and other pines as long as the soil is well drained...

Acid Rain
2013-04-01 10:21:17

Acid rain is any form of precipitation that is unusually acidic, meaning that is possesses high levels of hydrogen ions. It can have harmful effects on aquatic animals, plants, and infrastructure. Acid rain is caused by emissions of sulfur dioxide and nitrogen oxide, which react with the water molecules within the atmosphere to produce acids. Nitrogen oxides can be produced naturally by...

2014-01-12 00:00:00

Physics is a natural science involving the study of matter and its motion through space-time, along with related concepts such as energy and force. On a broader scale, it also involves the general analysis of nature, conducted in order to understand how the universe behaves. Physics is one of the oldest academic disciplines, perhaps the oldest through its inclusion of astronomy. Physics was...

Aerosol Spray
2010-10-08 17:40:50

Aerosol spray is a dispensing system that creates an aerosol mist of liquid particles. The liquid is usually contained in a bottle under liquid pressure that is released when the valve is opened. As the gas in the can expands to drive out the liquid some of the propellant evaporates to maintain an even pressure. Erick Rotheim invented the first aerosol spray can in 1926. Lyle Goodhue and...

2009-07-17 12:29:12

Fermium is a synthetic, radioactive metallic element. It has the symbol Fm and atomic number 100. It is an element in the actinide series. It is named after nuclear physicist Enrico Fermi. Fermium became the eighth transuranic (having an atomic number greater than 92) element discovered. It was first discovered in 1952 by a team of scientists led by Albert Ghiorso. They found fermium-255 in...

2009-07-17 12:16:59

Europium is a chemical element with the symbol Eu and atomic number 63. Europium is named after the continent Europe. It is the most reactive of the rare earth elements. It rapidly oxidizes in air. Europium ignites in the air at around 302 degrees Fahrenheit. It is quite pliable (bendable). Although it was first discovered by Paul Émile Lecoq de Boisbaudran in 1890, it is usually credited...

2009-07-17 11:41:58

Erbium is a chemical element with the symbol Er and atomic number 68. Erbium is a rare, silvery-white metallic lanthanide (an element having an atomic number between 57 and 71). It is found solid in its natural state and is commonly found with several other elements in the mineral gadolinite. It is found in Ytterby, Sweden. Erbium was discovered by Carl Gustaf Mosander in 1843. Mosander...

2009-07-14 16:50:21

Einsteinium is a metallic synthetic element with the symbol Es and atomic number 99. It became the seventh transuranic (atomic number higher than 99) element produced. It was named for Albert Einstein. It is an element found within the actinoid series which includes Actinium. Though it has only been produced in small amounts, it has been accurately determined to be silver in coloration. Like...

2009-07-14 16:40:55

Dysprosium is a chemical element with the symbol Dy and atomic number 66. This rare earth element has a metallic, bright silver luster. Dysprosium is not found freely in nature, but is found in various minerals, especially xenotime. It was first identified in 1886, but its pure form was not isolated until the use of ion exchange instruments were developed in the 1950s. Dysprosium salts are...

2009-07-14 16:04:19

Curium is a synthetic radioactive chemical element with the symbol Cm and atomic number 96. This transuranic (atomic number greater than 92) element of the actinide series is produced by bombarding plutonium with helium ions. Curium does not occur naturally. A few commercial applications utilize the production of curium, but someday it may be useful in other areas including radioisotope...

Word of the Day
  • In Roman antiquity, the return of a person who had been banished, or taken prisoner by an enemy, to his old condition and former privileges.
  • In international law, that right by virtue of which persons and things taken by an enemy in war are restored to their former status when coming again under the power of the nation to which they belonged.
The word 'postliminy' comes from a Latin word meaning 'threshold'.