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Last updated on April 21, 2014 at 5:21 EDT

Latest Medicine Stories

2014-04-17 15:39:29

Scientists have uncovered a new way the immune system may fight cancers and viral infections. The finding could aid efforts to use immune cells to treat illness. The research, in mice, suggests that some organs have the immunological equivalent of “neighborhood police” – specialized squads of defenders that patrol only one area, a single organ, instead of an entire city, the body. Scientists at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis have shown that the liver, skin...

2014-04-17 15:37:43

Texas researchers recommend new early colorectal cancer screening guidelines for young cervical cancer survivors Researchers at the University of Texas Medical Branch at Galveston are the first to recommend that young women treated with radiation for cervical cancer should begin colorectal cancer screening earlier than traditionally recommended. The UTMB researchers, finding a high incidence of secondary colorectal cancers among cervical cancer survivors treated with radiation, offer...

2014-04-17 15:26:52

Indiana University researchers have detected new early-warning signs of the potential loss of sight associated with diabetes. This discovery could have far-reaching implications for the diagnosis and treatment of diabetic retinopathy, potentially impacting the care of over 25 million Americans. "We had not expected to see such striking changes to the retinas at such early stages," said Ann Elsner, professor and associate dean in the IU School of Optometry and lead author of the study. "We...

2014-04-17 15:25:19

Findings were consistent even after taking into account the severity of the person's illness A group of drugs commonly prescribed for insomnia, anxiety and breathing issues "significantly increase the risk" that older people with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, or COPD, need to visit a doctor or Emergency Department for respiratory reasons, new research has found. Benzodiazepines, such as Ativan or Xanax, may actually contribute to respiratory problems, such as depressing...

2014-04-17 14:37:35

In a new study in patients with osteoarthritis (OA) of the knee, at 12 months, total femorotibial cartilage thickness loss was reduced in sprifermin (recombinant human fibroblast growth factor 18)-treated knees compared to placebo-treated knees, with effects being significant in the lateral femorotibial compartment but not in the central femorotibial compartment. Results published in Arthritis & Rheumatology, a journal of the American College of Rheumatology (ACR), showed that...

2014-04-17 14:32:49

The first MRI scan to show 'brown fat' in a living adult could prove to be an essential step towards a new wave of therapies to aid the fight against diabetes and obesity. Researchers from Warwick Medical School and University Hospitals Coventry and Warwickshire NHS Trust used a magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) based method to identify and confirm the presence of brown adipose tissue in a living adult. Brown fat has become a hot topic for scientists due its ability to use energy and...

2014-04-17 14:26:40

Florida State University researchers have identified a new syndrome called "osteosarcopenic obesity" that links the deterioration of bone density and muscle mass with obesity. "It used to be the thinking that the heavier you were the better your bones would be because the bones were supporting more weight," said Jasminka Ilich-Ernst, the Hazel Stiebeling Professor of Nutrition at Florida State. "But, that's only true to a certain extent." The syndrome, outlined in the May issue of...

2014-04-17 13:42:44

Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) in adolescents appears to be associated with atypical connectivity in the brain involving the systems that help people infer what others are thinking and understand the meaning of others' actions and emotions. The ability to navigate and thrive in complex social systems is commonly impaired in ASD, a neurodevelopmental disorder affecting as many as 1 in 88 children. The authors used functional magnetic resonance imaging to investigate connectivity in two...

2014-04-17 12:29:51

LONDON, April 17, 2014 /PRNewswire/ -- Reportbuyer.com has added a new market research report:MediPoint: Biopsy Devices - US Analysis and Market Forecastshttp://www.reportbuyer.com/pharma_healthcare/diagnostics/medipoint_biopsy_devices_us_analysis_market_forecasts.htmlMediPoint: Biopsy Devices - US Analysis and Market ForecastsSummaryCancer is the uncontrolled growth of abnormal cells in the body. It can affect numerous organs and tissues of the body. When a patient is suspected of...

2014-04-17 12:29:28

LONDON, April 17, 2014 /PRNewswire/ -- Reportbuyer.com has added a new market research report:Brain Cancer Global Clinical Trials Review, H1, 2014http://www.reportbuyer.com/pharma_healthcare/drug_discovery/brain_cancer_global_clinical_trials_review_h1_2014.htmlBrain Cancer Global Clinical Trials Review, H1, 2014SummaryGlobalData's clinical trial report, "Brain Cancer Global Clinical Trials Review, H1, 2014" provides data on the Brain Cancer clinical trial scenario. This report...


Latest Medicine Reference Libraries

Pharmacophobia
2013-12-24 12:55:45

Pharmacophobia or medication phobia, comes from Greek pharmakon, meaning “drug, medicine” and phobos, meaning “fear”, is the fear of the use of pharmacological treatments. In severe, excessive, and irrational cases, it might be a type of specific phobia. While lack of awareness by patient of adverse drug reactions can have a serious consequence, having a phobia of medications can also have serious detrimental effects on the patient’s health. Medication phobia can also lead to...

Pork Tapeworm, Taenia solium
2014-01-12 00:00:00

The pork tapeworm (Taenia solium), also known simply as a tapeworm, is a species of parasitic worm that is classified within the Platyhelminthes phylum. This species infects pigs and humans in many areas of the world including Africa, Southern Europe, Asia, South America, and some areas of North America. This species can cause cysticercosis in its larval stage, which is one of the major causes of seizures in humans. The pork tapeworm can reach an average body length between 2 to 3 meters, but...

Rodent Tapeworm. Hymenolepis microstoma
2014-01-12 00:00:00

The rodent tapeworm (Hymenolepis microstoma) is a parasitic worm that is classified within the Platyhelminthes phylum. This species affects rodents across the world, causing hymenolepiasis, but it does not often affect humans. Most of the available information regarding tapeworms is derived from the studies conducted on this worm and the other members of its genus, Hymenolepis. These worms have been present in laboratories since the 1950's and can either be raised and kept in a culture or be...

Paragonimus westermani
2014-01-12 00:00:00

Paragonimus westermani is a species of fluke, or flatworm that is classified within the Platyhelminthes phylum. This species is abundant in South America and Asia and affects the lungs of humans and other hosts. It was first discovered in 1878 in Europe after two Bengal tigers died. In 1879, Ringer found this species in the lungs of a human. Manson and Erwin von Baelz identified the sputum and eggs separately in 1880, after which Manson asserted that a snail was most likely the worm's...

Echocardiogram
2013-07-29 11:11:00

An echocardiogram is a test that, much like an ultrasound, uses sound waves to create a moving image of the heart. The most common type of echocardiogram is performed transthoracic, meaning the image is taken through a probe against the chest. A TTE does not involve radiation and is a very safe procedure. A cardiac sonographer will put a gel on the patient's chest and move the transducer around different areas, including directly anterior to the breastbone, inferior and lateral to the right...

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