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Last updated on April 20, 2014 at 14:04 EDT

Latest Medicine Stories

2014-04-18 12:22:40

WASHINGTON, April 18, 2014 /PRNewswire-USNewswire/ -- Dorena Hyatt of Meyersdale, Pa., has been disabled since the age of 12. "My disability affected my legs and I am no longer able to walk," said Hyatt. Now 65 years old, she lives alone and maintains her independence by using a power wheelchair. A component on Hyatt's chair recently broke, causing the electric unit to hang off the frame. But getting her chair fixed proved to be a bigger problem than it should have been. "After talking to...

2014-04-18 12:13:08

Scientists have identified the first genetic variant specifically associated with the risk of a difficult-to-diagnose cancer sub-type accounting for around 10-15 per cent of all breast cancer cases. The largest ever study of the breast cancer sub-type, called invasive lobular carcinoma, gives researchers important clues to the genetic causes of this particular kind of breast cancer, which can be missed through screening. The research, published today (Thursday) in the journal PloS...

2014-04-18 12:07:29

Children in Mali (and many other regions where malaria is common) are infected with malaria parasites more than 100 times a year, but they get sick with malaria fever only a few times. To understand how the immune system manages to prevent malaria fever in most cases, Peter Crompton, from the US National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, and colleagues in the US and in Mali, analyzed immune cells from healthy children before the malaria season and from the same children after...

2014-04-18 12:06:02

Malaria-related complications remain a major cause of death for children in many parts of the world. Why some children develop these complications while others don't is still not understood. A multidisciplinary group of scientists and clinicians under the direction of Peter Nilsson (SciLifeLab and KTH, Sweden), Mats Wahlgren (Karolinska Institutet, Sweden), Delmiro Fernandez-Reyes (Brighton & Sussex Medical School, UK) and Olugbemiro Sodeinde (College of Medicine, University of Ibadan,...

2014-04-18 12:04:30

A common genetic variant that affects one in three people appears to significantly increase the risk of colorectal cancer from the consumption of processed meat, according to study published today in PLOS Genetics. The study of over 18,000 people from the U.S., Canada, Australia and Europe represents the first large-scale genome-wide analysis of genetic variants and dietary patterns that may help explain more of the risk factors for colorectal cancer. Dr Jane Figueiredo at the Keck School of...

2014-04-18 12:02:46

Certain prenatal risk factors are associated with the development of chronic kidney disease in children, according to a study appearing in an upcoming issue of the Journal of the American Society of Nephrology (JASN). Future studies should investigate whether modifying these factors could help protect children's kidney health. Risks for certain types of kidney disease may arise before birth, and researchers suspect that the development of chronic kidney disease (CKD) may be programmed...

2014-04-18 11:27:46

Weight gain in children after they have their tonsils removed (adenotonsillectomy) occurs primarily in children who are smaller and younger at the time of the surgery, and weight gain was not linked with increased rates of obesity. About 500,000 children in the United States have their tonsils removed each year. The childhood obesity rate prompted reevaluation of the question of weight gain after adenotonsillectomy. The authors reviewed medical records and the final study consisted of...

2014-04-18 10:34:29

Older women with gumption score high on compassion Researchers at the University of California, San Diego School of Medicine report that older women, plucky individuals and those who have suffered a recent major loss are more likely to be compassionate toward strangers than other older adults. The study is published in this month's issue of the International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry. Because compassionate behaviors are associated with better health and well-being as we age,...

2014-04-18 10:09:07

New insight has the potential to improve treatment for the condition In a review published in the April issue of Immunity, Kevin J. Tracey, MD, president of The Feinstein Institute for Medical Research, says it's time to take a fresh look at the medical community's approach to treating sepsis, which kills millions worldwide every year, including more than 200,000 Americans. Sepsis occurs when molecules released into the bloodstream to fight an injury or infection trigger inflammation...

2014-04-18 09:59:31

Attack by own immune system may kill neurons in Parkinson's disease The cause of neuronal death in Parkinson's disease is still unknown, but a new study proposes that neurons may be mistaken for foreign invaders and killed by the person's own immune system, similar to the way autoimmune diseases like type I diabetes, celiac disease, and multiple sclerosis attack the body's cells. The study was published April 16, 2014, in Nature Communications. "This is a new, and likely controversial,...


Latest Medicine Reference Libraries

Pharmacophobia
2013-12-24 12:55:45

Pharmacophobia or medication phobia, comes from Greek pharmakon, meaning “drug, medicine” and phobos, meaning “fear”, is the fear of the use of pharmacological treatments. In severe, excessive, and irrational cases, it might be a type of specific phobia. While lack of awareness by patient of adverse drug reactions can have a serious consequence, having a phobia of medications can also have serious detrimental effects on the patient’s health. Medication phobia can also lead to...

Pork Tapeworm, Taenia solium
2014-01-12 00:00:00

The pork tapeworm (Taenia solium), also known simply as a tapeworm, is a species of parasitic worm that is classified within the Platyhelminthes phylum. This species infects pigs and humans in many areas of the world including Africa, Southern Europe, Asia, South America, and some areas of North America. This species can cause cysticercosis in its larval stage, which is one of the major causes of seizures in humans. The pork tapeworm can reach an average body length between 2 to 3 meters, but...

Rodent Tapeworm. Hymenolepis microstoma
2014-01-12 00:00:00

The rodent tapeworm (Hymenolepis microstoma) is a parasitic worm that is classified within the Platyhelminthes phylum. This species affects rodents across the world, causing hymenolepiasis, but it does not often affect humans. Most of the available information regarding tapeworms is derived from the studies conducted on this worm and the other members of its genus, Hymenolepis. These worms have been present in laboratories since the 1950's and can either be raised and kept in a culture or be...

Paragonimus westermani
2014-01-12 00:00:00

Paragonimus westermani is a species of fluke, or flatworm that is classified within the Platyhelminthes phylum. This species is abundant in South America and Asia and affects the lungs of humans and other hosts. It was first discovered in 1878 in Europe after two Bengal tigers died. In 1879, Ringer found this species in the lungs of a human. Manson and Erwin von Baelz identified the sputum and eggs separately in 1880, after which Manson asserted that a snail was most likely the worm's...

Echocardiogram
2013-07-29 11:11:00

An echocardiogram is a test that, much like an ultrasound, uses sound waves to create a moving image of the heart. The most common type of echocardiogram is performed transthoracic, meaning the image is taken through a probe against the chest. A TTE does not involve radiation and is a very safe procedure. A cardiac sonographer will put a gel on the patient's chest and move the transducer around different areas, including directly anterior to the breastbone, inferior and lateral to the right...

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