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Pharmacophobia
2013-12-24 12:55:45

Pharmacophobia or medication phobia, comes from Greek pharmakon, meaning “drug, medicine” and phobos, meaning “fear”, is the fear of the use of pharmacological treatments. In severe, excessive, and irrational cases, it might be a type of specific phobia. While lack of awareness by patient of adverse drug reactions can have a serious consequence, having a phobia of medications can...

Pork Tapeworm Taenia solium
2014-01-12 00:00:00

The pork tapeworm (Taenia solium), also known simply as a tapeworm, is a species of parasitic worm that is classified within the Platyhelminthes phylum. This species infects pigs and humans in many areas of the world including Africa, Southern Europe, Asia, South America, and some areas of North America. This species can cause cysticercosis in its larval stage, which is one of the major causes...

Rodent Tapeworm Hymenolepis microstoma
2014-01-12 00:00:00

The rodent tapeworm (Hymenolepis microstoma) is a parasitic worm that is classified within the Platyhelminthes phylum. This species affects rodents across the world, causing hymenolepiasis, but it does not often affect humans. Most of the available information regarding tapeworms is derived from the studies conducted on this worm and the other members of its genus, Hymenolepis. These worms have...

Paragonimus westermani
2014-01-12 00:00:00

Paragonimus westermani is a species of fluke, or flatworm that is classified within the Platyhelminthes phylum. This species is abundant in South America and Asia and affects the lungs of humans and other hosts. It was first discovered in 1878 in Europe after two Bengal tigers died. In 1879, Ringer found this species in the lungs of a human. Manson and Erwin von Baelz identified the sputum and...

Echocardiogram
2013-07-29 11:11:00

An echocardiogram is a test that, much like an ultrasound, uses sound waves to create a moving image of the heart. The most common type of echocardiogram is performed transthoracic, meaning the image is taken through a probe against the chest. A TTE does not involve radiation and is a very safe procedure. A cardiac sonographer will put a gel on the patient's chest and move the transducer around...

Coronary Angiography
2013-07-29 11:05:01

A coronary angiography, also known as a coronary catheterization, is a procedure that gives both visual and tactical access to coronary circulation and blood filled chambers of the heart for both diagnostic and interventional purposes. It is one of many diagnostic tests used in cardiology. More specifically, coronary catheterization recognizes occlusion, stenosis, thrombosis or aneurismal...

Acute Stress Reaction
2013-07-29 09:36:16

Acute Stress Reaction (ASR), also referred to as shock or Acute Stress Disorder (ASD), is a variation on Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD). Symptoms ASR can often escalate to ASD. Symptoms of acute stress reaction include a change in attention, disorientation, daze and confusion. After these symptoms occur, victims suffering from ASR can often become withdrawn from their surroundings...

Duodenal Atresia
2013-07-19 15:38:56

Duodenal atresia is a congenital closure of the lumen of the duodenum, which is the first portion of the small intestine and is separated from the stomach by the pyloric sphincter. During fetal development, the duodenum develops from the posterior portion of the foregut and the anterior portion of the midgut. The liver and pancreas originate from the diverticulum arising from the ventral part...

Posttraumatic Stress Disorder
2013-07-19 15:31:29

Posttraumatic stress disorder (commonly known as PTSD) is a severe anxiety disorder characterized by adverse anxiety-related experiences, behaviors, and physiological responses that results from exposure to an event that causes psychological trauma. Examples of events that could lead to PTSD include the threat of harm or death to oneself or to someone else, or witnessing an event that...

Marfans Syndrome
2013-07-19 15:22:33

Marfan's syndrome is a genetic disorder of the connective tissue that causes excessively tall stature and long extremities. It is carried by the gene FBN1, which encodes the connective protein fibrillin-1, and is a dominant trait. The human genetic makeup contains a pair of FBN1 genes, so because of its dominance, inheriting one affected FBN1 gene from either parent will result in Marfan's...

Word of the Day
bibliopole
  • A bookseller; now, especially, a dealer in rare and curious books.
This word comes from a Greek phrase meaning 'book seller.'
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