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Medicine Reference Libraries

Page 10 of about 170 Articles
Helicobacter pylori
2011-04-15 15:38:47

Helicobacter pylori is a Gram-negative, microaerophilic bacterium that can inhabit various areas of the stomach, particularly the antrum. It causes low-level inflammation of the stomach lining and is linked to gastric ulcers and stomach cancer. Out of those infected, 80%, are asymptomatic. It was initially named Campyloacter pyloridis and then renamed C. pylori to correct the Latin grammar...

Haemophilus influenzae
2011-04-15 15:26:30

Haemophilus influenzae is a Gram-negative, rod-shaped bacterium first described in 1892 by Richard Pfeiffer during an influenza pandemic. It is generally aerobic but can grow as a facultative anaerobe. H. influenzae was mistakenly considered to be the cause of influenza until 1933 when the flu virology became apparent. It was the first free-living organism to have its entire genome...

Haemophilus ducreyi
2011-04-15 15:19:01

Haemophilus ducreyi is a fastidious gram-negative coccobacillus causing the sexually transmitted disease chancroid, a major cause of genital ulceration in developing countries characterized by painful sores on the genitalia. Early symptoms are dark and light green shears in excrement. Chancroid starts as an erythematous popular lesion that breaks down into a painful bleeding ulcer. It can...

Escherichia coli
2011-04-15 14:54:29

Escherichia coli is a Gram-negative rod-shaped bacterium that is commonly found in the lower intestine of warm-blooded organisms. Most strains are harmless; however, some such as O157:H7 can cause food poisoning in humans and are often responsible for product recalls. The normal flora of the gut normally contains the harmless strains and often provide K2 to the body. They are not always...

Clostridium perfringens
2011-04-15 14:02:16

Clostridium perfringens (formerly known as C. welchii) is a Gram-positive, rod-shaped, anaerobic, spore-forming bacterium of the genus Clostridium. It is always present in nature and is a normal component of decaying vegetation, marine sediment, the intestinal tract of humans, other vertebrates, insects, and soil. It can be a human pathogen and also harmlessly ingested. Commonly it is...

Clostridium difficile
2011-04-15 13:50:01

Clostridium difficile, also known as "CDF/cdf", or "C. diff", is a Gram-positive bacteria of the genus Clostridium that causes severe diarrhea and other intestinal disease when competing bacteria in the gut flora are wiped out by antibiotics. They are anaerobic, spore-forming rods and is the most serious cause of antibiotic-associated diarrhea and potentially to pseudomembranous colitis. C....

Chlamydophila psittaci
2011-04-15 13:07:05

Chlamydophila psittaci is a lethal intracellular bacterial species that causes endemic avian chlamydiosis, epizootic outbreaks in mammals, and respiratory psittacosis in humans. It can be transmitted through inhalation, contact, or ingestions among birds and mammals. It generally starts with flu-like symptoms and becomes a life-threatening pneumonia. Many stay dormant until activated by stress....

Campylobacter jejuni
2011-04-14 16:27:41

Campylobacter jejuni is a species of curved, helical shaped, non-spore forming, Gram-negative microaerophilic, bacteria commonly found in animal feces. It is one of the most common causes of human gastroenteritis in the world. This food poisoning can be severely debilitating but rarely life-threatening. It has also been linked to Guillain-Barre syndrome which generally develops two to three...

Campylobacter fetus
2011-04-14 16:18:37

Campylobacter fetus is a species of Gram-negative, motile bacteria with characteristic "S-shaped" rod morphology similar to members of the genus Vibrio. It is oxidase-positive like other members of the Campylobacter genus. C. fetus can cause abortion in cattle and sheep as well as being an opportunistic human pathogen and can cause bacteremia and thrombophlebitis. It is rare but it can lead...

Bordetella pertussis
2011-04-14 15:37:44

Bordetella pertussis is a Gram-negative, aerobic coccobacillus of the genus Bordetella. It is the causative agent of pertussis or whooping cough and it is non-motile. There is no zoonotic reservoir thus humans are the only hosts. Bacterium is spread by coughing and by nasal dripping after an incubation period of 7 to 14 days. Pertussis is an infection of the respiratory system and...

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shavie
  • A trick or prank.
The word 'shavie' is related to 'shave'.