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Medicine Reference Libraries

Page 11 of about 170 Articles
Bordetella bronchiseptica
2011-04-14 15:28:20

Bordetella bronchiseptica is a small, gram-negative, rod-shaped bacterium of the genus Bordetella. It can cause bronchitis although it rarely infects humans. It is closely related to pertussis which causes whooping cough and B. bronchiseptica can persist in the environment for extended periods. Humans are not natural carriers of B. bronchiseptica, which normally infects the respiratory...

Bartonella henselae
2011-04-14 15:18:05

Bartonella henselae is a proteobacterium that can cause bacteremia, endocarditis, bacillary angiomatosis, and peliosis hepatis. It is a causative agent of cat-scratch disease which occurs after a cat bite or scratch. The disease is characterized by swelling of the lymph nodes and fever. B. henselae can cause Peliosis hepatic which may develop with cutaneous bacillary angiomatosis or...

Bacillus anthracis
2011-04-14 14:43:25

Bacillus anthracis is a Gram-positive spore-forming, rod-shaped bacterium, with a width of 1-1.2µm and a length of 3-5µm. It can grow in aerobic or anaerobic conditions. It is the only known bacterium to synthesize a protein capsule and the only pathogenic bacterium to carry its own adenylyl cyclase virulence factor. They form oval spores located centrally in a non-swollen sporangium....

Acinetobacter baumannii
2011-04-14 13:29:59

Acinetobacter baumannii is a species of pathogenic bacteria that is resistant to most antibiotics. Some think the disease is killing tens of thousands of U.S. hospital patients each year due to its resistance to drug treatment. It can cause severe pneumonia and infections of the urinary tract, bloodstream, and other parts of the body. It forms opportunistic infections including reports of...

Yellow Fever
2011-03-04 17:38:30

Yellow fever is an acute viral hemorrhagic disease with a 40 to 50 nm enveloped RNA virus with positive sense of the Flaviviridae family. It is transmitted by the bite of female mosquitoes and is found in tropical and subtropical areas in South America and Africa, but not in Asia. Primates and a few kinds of mosquitoes are the only known hosts. The origin of the disease is most likely Africa....

West Nile Virus
2011-02-25 18:53:25

West Nile virus (WNV) is a virus of the family Flaviviridae. It is part of the Japanese encephalitis antigenic complex of viruses and is found in both tropical and temperate regions. It primarily infects birds but can infect humans, horses, dogs, cats, bats, and other mammals. Humans are generally infected through the bites of mosquitoes and about 90% of West Nile Virus infections are without...

Virus
2011-02-23 21:28:34

A virus is a small infectious agent that replicates inside the living cells of organisms. It is a small infectious agent that can replicate only inside the living cells of organisms. Most are too small to be seen by anything but a microscope and they infect all organisms from animals to plants to bacteria. The first one discovered was the tobacco virus in 1898. Since then around 5,000 viruses...

Venezuelan equine encephalitis
2011-02-23 21:21:50

Venezuelan equine encephalitis virus is a mosquito-borne viral pathogen that causes Venezuelan equine encephalitis or encephalomyelitis (VEE). It can affect all equine species, such as horses, donkeys, and zebras. Equines may suddenly die or show progressive central nervous system disorders after infection. It is contractible by humans and will usually experience flu-like symptoms when...

Vaccinia Virus
2011-02-23 21:18:56

Vaccinia virus (VACV or VV) is a large, complex, enveloped virus belonging to the poxvirus family. It is well-known for its role in eradicating smallpox. It was the first human disease to to successfully be eradicated by science. The World Health Organization was the one who completed the endeavor. The vaccinia virus saw renewed interest in the early 21st century due to concerns about the...

St Louis Encephalitis
2011-02-23 21:04:53

St. Louis Encephalitis is a disease caused by the Culex mosquito borne St. Louis Encephalitis virus. It is related to Japanese encephalitis virus and is a member of the Flaviviridae subgroup. It mainly affects the United States and occasionally hits Canada and Mexico. The name goes back to 1933 within five weeks in autumn an encephalitis epidemic of explosive proportions broke out in the...

Word of the Day
kenspeckle
  • Having so marked an appearance as easily to be recognized.
This word may come from the Swedish 'kanspak,' quick at recognizing persons or things, or else from confusion with 'conspicuous.'